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2-Methylpentane

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Name 2-Methylpentane EINECS 203-523-4
CAS No. 107-83-5 Density 0.673 g/cm3
Solubility Melting Point -154 °C
Formula C6H14 Boiling Point 59.6 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Weight 86.18 Flash Point
Transport Information UN 1208 3/PG 2 Appearance colourless liquid
Safety 9-16-29-33-61-62 Risk Codes 11-38-51/53-65-67
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 107-83-5 (2-Methylpentane) Hazard Symbols FlammableF, HarmfulXn, DangerousN
Synonyms

1,1-Dimethylbutane;Kyowasol C 600M;Kyowazol C 600;NSC 66496;Pentane, 2-methyl-;

 

Chemistry

The basic informtion about  2-Methylpentane (107-83-5)  is:
IUPAC Name: 2-methylpentane
Synonyms: (ch3)2ch(ch2)2ch3 ; 1,1-dimethylbutane ; 2-methyl-pentan ; pentane , 2-methyl- ; 2-methylpentane ; methylpentane ; isohexane ; 2-methylpentane(iso-hexane)
MF: C6H14
MW: 86.18
EINECS: 203-523-4
Melting Point: -154 °C 
Boiling Point: 62 °C(lit.)
Density: 0.66
Vapor Densit: 3 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure: 6.77 psi ( 37.7 °C)
Refractive Index: n20/D 1.371(lit.)
Flash Point:  −10 °F
BRN: 1730735
Stability: Stable. Highly flammable. Gas/vapour mixtures explosive at some concentrations.
Following is the molecular structure of  2-Methylpentane (107-83-5) :

Uses

  2-Methylpentane (107-83-5) can be used as chemical raw materials, rubber solvents, vegetable oil extraction solvent and so on.

Toxicity Data With Reference

 Low toxicity.

Safety Profile

Hazard Codes:
F: Flammable
Xn: Harmful
N: Dangerous for the environment 
Risk Statements:
R11: Highly flammable.
R38: Irritating to skin.
R51/53: Toxic to aquatic organisms and may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R65: Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
R67: Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Safety Statements:
S9: Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S16: Keep away from sources of ignition.
S29: Do not empty into drains.
S33: Take precautionary measures against static discharges.
S61: Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions / safety data sheets.
S62: If swallowed, do not induce vomitting; seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
RIDADR: UN 1208 3/PG 2
WGK Germany: 2
RTECS: SA2985000
HazardClass: 3
PackingGroup: II

Specification

 2-Methylpentane (107-83-5)  is a colourless liquid;Its general description watery liquid with a gasoline-like odor, floats on water. Produces an irritating vapor. In Air & Water its reactions highly flammable. Reactivity profile saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as  Isohexene , may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring of the hydrocarbon may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are mostly unreactive. They are not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. Health Hazard Inhalation causes irritation of respiratory tract, cough, mild depression, cardiac arrhythmias. Aspiration causes severe lung irritation, coughing, pulmonary edema; excitement followed by depression. Ingestion causes nausea, vomiting, swelling of abdomen, headache, depression. 

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