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Aluminium Chloride

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Aluminium Chloride

EINECS 231-208-1
CAS No. 7446-70-0 Density 2.44 g/cm3
Solubility soluble in water Melting Point 194 °C
Formula AlCl Boiling Point 180°C
Molecular Weight 133.34 Flash Point 88 °C
Transport Information UN 3264 8/PG 3 Appearance yellow to grey solid
Safety 26-45-28-7/8-36/37/39-61-23-28A Risk Codes 36/38-34-62-51/53-48/23/24-40-23/24/25-14
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 7446-70-0 (Aluminium chloride) Hazard Symbols CorrosiveC, IrritantXi, ToxicT
Synonyms

Aluminumchloride (8CI);

 

Aluminium Chloride Chemical Properties

Molecule structure of Aluminium Chloride (CAS NO.7446-70-0):

Molecular Weight: 133.3405 g/mol
Molecular Formula: AlCl
Density: 2.44 g/cm3
Melting Point: 194 °C
Boiling Point: 180°C
Flash Point: 88 °C
Storage Temp.: 2-8 °C
Sensitive Moisture: sensitive
InChI: InChI=1/Al.3ClH/h;3*1H/q+3;;;/p-3
InChIKey: VSCWAEJMTAWNJL-DFZHHIFOAR 
EINECS: 231-208-1
Product Categories: Industrial/Fine Chemicals;Inorganics; Al (Alminum) Compounds; Classes of Metal Compounds; Typical Metal Compounds; Aluminum; AluminumSynthetic Reagents; Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry; Chemical Synthesis; Lewis Acids; Aluminum SaltsEssential Chemicals; AluminumMetal and Ceramic Science; Reagent Grade; Routine Reagents; Salts; Aluminum Salts; Crystal Grade Inorganics; Reagent Plus; A-B, Puriss p.a.; Analytical Reagents for General Use; Puriss p.a.

Aluminium Chloride Uses

 Aluminium Chloride  is probably the most commonly used Lewis acid and also one of the most powerful. It finds widespread application in the chemical industry as the classic catalyst for Friedel-Crafts reactions, both acylations and alkylations. The Friedel-Crafts reaction is the major use for aluminium chloride, for example in the preparation of anthraquinone (for the dyestuffs industry) from benz and phosgene. Aluminium Chloride also can be  used in polymerization and isomerization reactions of hydrocarbons. and used to introduce aldehyde groups onto aromatic rings,a wide variety of other applications in organic chemistry.

Aluminium Chloride Production

Anhydrous aluminum chloride is manufactured piimarily by the reaction of chlorine vapor on molten aluminum.
             2Al + 3Cl2 → 2AlCl3
In the process, chlorine is fed in below the surface of the aluminum, and the product sublimes and is collected by condensing. These air-cooled condensers are thin-walled, vertical steel cylinders with conical bottoms. Aluminum chloride crystals form on the condenser walls and are periodically removed, crushed, screened, and packaged in steel containers.

Aluminium Chloride Toxicity Data With Reference

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 oral 1130mg/kg (1130mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 30(4), Pg. 16, 1965.
mouse LD50 unreported 390mg/kg (390mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 43(4), Pg. 12, 1978.
rabbit LD50 skin > 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg)   United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances. Vol. 8EHQ-0191-1109,
rat LD50 oral 3450mg/kg (3450mg/kg) BRAIN AND COVERINGS: OTHER DEGENERATIVE CHANGES

GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: HEMATURIA
Science Reports of the Research Institutes, Tohoku University, Series C: Medicine. Vol. 36(1-4), Pg. 10, 1989.
rat LD50 unreported 315mg/kg (315mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 43(4), Pg. 12, 1978.

Aluminium Chloride Safety Profile

Hazard Codes: CorrosiveC, IrritantXi, ToxicT
Risk Statements: 36/38-34-62-51/53-48/23/24-40-23/24/25-14 
R36/38:Irritating to eyes and skin. 
R20:Harmful by inhalation. 
R62:Risk of impaired fertility. 
R51/53:Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 
R48:Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure. 
R23 :Toxic by inhalation. 
R24:Toxic in contact with skin. 
R23/24/25:Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 
R14 :Reacts violently with water.
Safety Statements: 26-45-28-7/8-36/37/39-61-23-28A 
S26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. 
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.) 
S28:After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of soap-suds. 
S7:Keep container tightly closed. 
S8:Keep container dry. 
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. 
S61:Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions / safety data sheets. 
S23:Do not breathe vapour. 
S28:After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of soap-suds.
RIDADR: UN 3264 8/PG 3
WGK Germany: 1
RTECS: BD0525000
HazardClass: 8
PackingGroup: II
Hazardous Substances Data: 7446-70-0(Hazardous Substances Data)

Aluminium Chloride Specification

 Aluminium Chloride (CAS NO.7446-70-0) is also named as AI3-01917 ; Alluminio(cloruro di) ; Alluminio(cloruro di) [Italian] ; Aluminium trichloride ; Aluminium, (chlorure d') ; Aluminium, (chlorure d') [French] ; Aluminiumchlorid ; Aluminiumchlorid [German] ; Aluminum chloride (1:3) ; Aluminum trichloride ; Aluminum, (chlorure d') ; Aluminum, (chlorure d')[French] ; CCRIS 6871 ; Caswell No. 029 ; Chlorure d'aluminium ; Chlorure d'aluminium [French] ; EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 013901 ; HSDB 607 ; NSC 143015 ; NSC 143016 ; Pearsall ; TK Flock ; Trichloroaluminum ; UNII-LIF1N9568Y . Aluminium Chloride (CAS NO.7446-70-0) is yellow to grey solid with a pungent odor. It is corrosive to tissue and toxic by ingestion. Contact with the skin or eyes in the presence of moisture causes thermal and acid burns. Aluminium Chloride behaves as an acidic salt. It can self-reactive. After long storage in closed containers, explosions often occur upon opening. Can cause ethylene(also other alkenes) to polymerize violently. Causes ethylene oxide to rearrange and polymerize, liberating heat. Can catalyze violent polymerization of allyl chloride. Addition to nitrobenzene containing about 5% phenol caused a violent explosion. Mixtures with nitromethane may explode when organic matter is present. Reacts violently with water if used in extinguishing adjacent fires.

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