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Ferric chloride hexahydrate


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Name Ferric chloride hexahydrate EINECS
CAS No. 10025-77-1 Density
Solubility 92 g/100 mL (20 °C) in water Melting Point 37 °C
Formula FeCl3.6(H2O) Boiling Point 280 °C decomp.
Molecular Weight 270.29 Flash Point
Transport Information UN 1773 Appearance yellow solid
Safety 26-39 Risk Codes 22-38-41
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 10025-77-1 (Ferric chloride hexahydrate) Hazard Symbols HarmfulXn,CorrosiveC

Ferricchloride hexahydrate;Ferric trichloride hexahydrate;Iron chloride(FeCl3.6H2O);Iron perchloride, hexahydrate;Iron trichloride hexahydrate;Iron(3+) chloride hexahydrate;Iron(III) chloride hexahydrate;


Standards and Recommendations

OSHA PEL: TWA 1 mg(Fe)/m3
ACGIH TLV: TWA 1 mg(Fe)/m3


Ferric chloride hexahydrate is chemical compound with the formula FeCl3.6(H2O). Its IUPAC name is called iron(3+) trichloride hexahydrate. With the CAS register number 10025-77-1, this chemical is stable, but incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Ferric chloride hexahydrate can form explosive mixtures with sodium and potassium. The substance is yellow solid.

Physical properties about Ferric chloride hexahydrate are: Ferric chloride hexahydrate is soluble in water, alchol and diethyl ether with the melting point of 37 °C and boling point of 280 °C. The solution is acidic which can concrete protein. This chemical is hygroscopic and will convert into red brown liquid in the air.

Preparation of Ferric chloride hexahydrate: In industry, hydrochloric acid reacts with scrap iron in the reactor to genereate ferrous chloride solution, which is defecated to react with chlorine gas and form ferric trichloride solution. And then, the crude mixture is purified, filtered and dried to gain the end product of Ferric chloride hexahydrate.
Fe + 2 HCl → FeCl2 + H2O
2 FeCl2 + C12 → 2 FeCl3

Uses of Ferric chloride hexahydrate: Ferric chloride hexahydrate can be used as accessorysubstance (fortifier of iron) and for babies milk and ablactational food. In addition, this chemical is also used as water treatment agent, corrodent in printing plate, oxidant and mordant in dye chemistry. Meanwhile, it is used in organic synthesis and pharmaceutical industry.

When you are using Ferric chloride hexahydrate, you should be very cautious about it. The substance is harmful if swallowed. It will cause burns. There will be a risk of serious damage to eyes. In case of contact with eyes, you should rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. Whenever you will use or contact it, you need wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

Descriptors computed from structure of Ferric chloride hexahydrate:
(1)Canonical SMILES: O.O.O.O.O.O.[Cl-].[Cl-].[Cl-].[Fe+3]
(2)InChI: InChI=1S/3ClH.Fe.6H2O/h3*1H;;6*1H2/q;;;+3;;;;;;/p-3

The toxicity data of Ferric chloride hexahydrate as follows:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 260mg/kg (260mg/kg)   Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 14, Pg. 512, 1966.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 7200ug/kg (7.2mg/kg)   Environmental Quality and Safety, Supplement. Vol. 1, Pg. 1, 1975.
rat LDLo oral 900mg/kg (900mg/kg)   Environmental Quality and Safety, Supplement. Vol. 1, Pg. 1, 1975.

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