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Imidacloprid

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Name Imidacloprid EINECS 200-835-2
CAS No. 138261-41-3 Density 1.59 g/cm3
Solubility water: 0.061 g/100mL at 20 ºC Melting Point 144 ºC
Formula C9H10ClN5O2 Boiling Point 442.3 ºC at 760 mmHg
Molecular Weight 255.69 Flash Point 221.3 ºC
Transport Information UN 2588 Appearance COA
Safety 26-36-22 Risk Codes 11-20/21/22-36
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 138261-41-3 (Imidacloprid) Hazard Symbols DangerousN,HarmfulXn,FlammableF
Synonyms

1-((6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine;1H-Imidazol-2-amine, 4,5-dihydro-1-((6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-N-nitro-;2-Imidazolidinimine,1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)- methyl]-N-nitro-;1-((6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl) methyl)-N-nitro-imidazolidinimine;Epoxiconazole,Fipronil,Imidacloprid,Cypermethrin,Diazinon;1H-Imidazol-2-amine, 1-((6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-N-nitro-;Imidacloprid TC;2-Imidazolidinimine, 1-((6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-N-nitro-;

 

Chemistry

Molecular Structure:
Molecular Formula: C9H10ClN5O2
Molecular Weight: 255.66
CAS NO: 138261-41-3
H bond acceptors: 7
H bond donors: 1
Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
Polar Surface Area: 77.55 Å2
Index of Refraction: 1.706
Molar Refractivity: 62.3 cm3
Molar Volume: 160.1 cm3
Surface Tension: 68 dyne/cm
Density: 1.59 g/cm3
Melting Point: 144°C
Flash Point: 221.3 °C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 69.98 kJ/mol
Boiling Point: 442.3 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 5.07E-08 mmHg at 25°C
Storage temp: 0-6°C
Water Solubility: 0.061 g/100mL at 20 °C
IUPAC Name: N-[1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-yl]nitramide
Product Categories of Imidacloprid (CAS NO.138261-41-3): INSECTICIDE;Endocrine Disruptors (Draft)Analytical Standards;IPesticides;Nicotinoids;Alpha sort;Alphabetic;Endocrine Disruptors (Draft)Pesticides&Metabolites;EPA;H-MAnalytical Standards;Insecticides;Method Specific

Uses

 Imidacloprid (CAS NO.138261-41-3) is widely used for pest control in structures, turf pest control, grape growing, and head and leaf lettuce growing. Other widespread crop uses are rice, grains/cereals including corn (maize), potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, fruit, cotton, and hops. Target insects include sucking insects (e.g., aphids, whiteflies, leafhoppers and planthoppers, thrips, scales, mealybugs, bugs, psyllids, and phylloxera), beetles (e.g., longhorn beetles, leaf beetles, Colorado potato beetles, rice water-weevils, wireworms, grubs, and flea beetles), and others (e.g., lepidopterous leafminers, some diptera, termites, locusts, and fleas).

Toxicity Data With Reference

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 35mg/kg (35mg/kg)   Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol. 58, Pg. 77, 1997.
mouse LD50 oral 98mg/kg (98mg/kg)   Nippon Noyaku Gakkaishi. Journal of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan. Vol. 19, Pg. S209, 1994.
rat LC50 inhalation > 5323mg/m3 (5323mg/m3)   Agrochemcicals Japan. Vol. (63), Pg. 15, 1993.
rat LD50 oral 410mg/kg (410mg/kg)   Agrochemcicals Japan. Vol. (63), Pg. 15, 1993.
rat LD50 skin > 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   Agrochemcicals Japan. Vol. (63), Pg. 15, 1993.

Safety Profile

Safety Information about Imidacloprid (CAS NO.138261-41-3):
Hazard Codes: DangerousN,HarmfulXn,FlammableF
Risk Statements: 11-20/21/22-36
R11: Highly flammable. 
R20/21/22: Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 
R36: Irritating to eyes.
Safety Statements: 26-36-22 
S22: Do not breathe dust. 
S26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. 
S36: Wear suitable protective clothing.
RIDADR: UN 2588
RTECS: NJ0560000
HazardClass: 6.1(b)
PackingGroup: III
A poison by ingestion. Moderately toxic by inhalation. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic vapors of NOx and Cl?.

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