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Platinum tetrachloride

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Platinum tetrachloride

EINECS 236-645-1
CAS No. 13454-96-1 Density 4.303 g/cm3
Solubility 587 g/L (25 °C) in water Melting Point 370 °C
Formula PtCl4 Boiling Point
Molecular Weight 336.89 Flash Point
Transport Information UN 2923 8/PG 3 Appearance brown/red crystals
Safety 26-27-36/37/39-45-24-22 Risk Codes 22-34-42/43
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 13454-96-1 (Platinum chloride(PtCl4), (SP-4-1)-) Hazard Symbols CorrosiveC
Synonyms

Platinumchloride (PtCl4) (6CI,7CI,8CI);Platinum(IV) chloride;Platinum(IV) tetrachloride;Tetrachloroplatinum;

 

Platinum tetrachloride Consensus Reports

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory. EPA Genetic Toxicology Program.

Platinum tetrachloride Standards and Recommendations

OSHA PEL: TWA 0.002 mg(Pt)/m3
ACGIH TLV: TWA 0.002 mg(Pt)/m3

Platinum tetrachloride Specification

The IUPAC name of Platinum(IV) chloride is tetrachloroplatinum. With the CAS registry number 13454-96-1 and EINECS 236-645-1, it is also named as Platinum chloride (PtCl4). The classification code are Mutation data; Reproductive Effect; Skin / Eye Irritant. It is brown/red crystals which is stable under normal temperature and pressure. Additionally, this chemical should be sealed in the container and stored in the cool and dry place.

The other characteristics of this product can be summarized as: (1)H-Bond Donor 0; (2)H-Bond Acceptor 0; (3)Rotatable Bond Count 0; (4)Exact Mass 336.837235; (5)MonoIsotopic Mass 334.840185; (6)Topological Polar Surface Area 0; (7)Heavy Atom Count 5; (8)Formal Charge 0; (9)Complexity 19.1; (10)Isotope Atom Count 0; (11)Covalently-Bonded Unit Count 1.

Preparation of Platinum(IV) chloride: It is mainly encountered in the handling of chloroplatinic acid, obtained by dissolving of Pt metal in aqua regia. Heating H2PtCl6 gives PtCl4: H2PtCl6 → PtCl4 + 2 HCl

Uses of Platinum(IV) chloride: It is used as analytical reagent and catalytic agent. It is also used in the extension and diffusion processes for semiconductor production.

When you are using this chemical, please be cautious about it as the following:
It is not only harmful if swallowed, but also may cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact. And it can cause burns. So people should not breathe dust and avoid contact with skin. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. If you want to contact this product, you must wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)

People can use the following data to convert to the molecule structure. 
1. Smiles:[Pt](Cl)(Cl)(Cl)Cl
2. InChI:InChI=1/4ClH.Pt/h4*1H;/q;;;;+4/p-4

The following are the toxicity data which has been tested.

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
rat LD50 oral 276mg/kg (276mg/kg)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 21(7), Pg. 55, 1977.

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