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Sodium metabisulfite

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Sodium metabisulfite

EINECS 231-673-0
CAS No. 7681-57-4 Density 1.48 g/cm3
Solubility water: 54 g/100 ml Melting Point >170 °C (begins at 150 °C)
Formula Na2O5S2 Boiling Point
Molecular Weight 190.10 Flash Point
Transport Information UN 2693 Appearance white crystalline powder with a sulfur smell
Safety 26-39-46-36 Risk Codes 22-31-41-36/37/38
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 7681-57-4 (Sodium metabisulfite) Hazard Symbols HarmfulXn,IrritantXi
Synonyms

Disodium disulfite;Disodium metabisulfite;Disodium pyrosulfite;Natrium metabisulfurosum;Natriummetabisulfit;Sodium disulfite;Sodium pyrosulfite;Sodium Metabisulphite;

 

Sodium metabisulfite Specification

Sodium metabisulfite has the IUPAC name sodium pyrosulphite with chemical formula Na2S2O5. Its EINECS registry number is 231-673-0 and CAS registry number is 7681-57-4. It is a white powder with a sulfur smell which is soluble in water. The substance is stable and incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. It is easy to decompose affected with damp and gradually oxidized into sodium sulfate in the air.

Properties about Sodium metabisulfite: When it contacts with strong acids, it will release a poisonous gas (SO2). When mixed with water, sodium metabisulfite will release sulfur dioxide (SO2). On heating it by 65 °C releases sulfur dioxide, leaving sodium oxide behind. It is soluble with water and the aqueous solution is acidic.

Na2S2O5 + 2 HCl → 2 NaCl + H2O + 2 SO2
Na2S2O5 → Na2O + 2 SO2

Preparation of Sodium metabisulfite: Sodium metabisulfite can be prepared by absorption method using food grade soda solution to absorb SO2 and then produce sodium pyrosulfite. At last, we will get food grade Sodium metabisulfite through impurity removing, filtration and drying.

Na2CO3 + 2 SO2 + H2O → 2 NaHSO3 + CO2
2 Na2SO3 → Na2S2O5 + H2O

You can also use the following method to prepared Sodium metabisulfite: First, you can add sulphur and 2 times compressed air into combustion furnace. There will be a spontaneous combustion at 600~800 °C. Second, the mixture should be cooled down accompany with impurity removing and water scrubbing and then is added into multistage reactor where will emerge reverse absorption with sodium carbonate at 45 °C. Finally, the flowing magma is centrifugalized and dried at 160 °C and then you will get the chemical substance.

O2+S [Na2CO3→NaHSO3[-H2O]  → Na2S2O5

Uses of Sodium metabisulfite: Sodium metabisulfite is used as a disinfectant, antioxidant and preservative agent and used as a preservative and antioxidant in food and is also known as E223. Sodium metabisulfite and potassium metabisulfite are the primary ingredients in campden tablets, used for wine and beer making. It is also commonly used in homebrewing and winemaking to sanitize equipment. The substance is used as a cleaning agent for potable water reverse osmosis membranes in desalination systems. It is also used to remove chloramine from drinking water after treatment. In addition, it is used in photography. Meanwhile, it can be used to remove tree stumps. It is also used as an excipient in some tablets, such as paracetamol.

When using Sodium metabisulfite, you must be cautious about it. The substance is harmful if swallowed and irritant to eyes, respiratory system and skin. When contact with acids, it will liberate toxic gas. There will be a risk of serious damage to eyes. In case of contact with eyes, you should rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. When using it, you can wear suitable protective clothing. If swallowed, you must seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.

You can still convert the following datas into molecular structure:(1)Canonical SMILES: [O-]S(=O)S(=O)(=O)[O-].[Na+].[Na+]
(2)InChI: InChI=1S/2Na.H2O5S2/c;;1-6(2)7(3,4)5/h;;(H,1,2)(H,3,4,5)/q2*+1;/p-2
(3)InChIKey: HRZFUMHJMZEROT-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Toxicity of Sodium metabisulfite:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
guinea pig LD50 skin > 1gm/kg (1000mg/kg) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE"

SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0556695,
mouse LD50 parenteral 910mg/kg (910mg/kg)   Russian Pharmacology and Toxicology Vol. 31, Pg. 120, 1968.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 192mg/kg (192mg/kg)   Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 24, Pg. 266, 1973.
rat LD50 intravenous 115mg/kg (115mg/kg)   "Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices," 5th ed., Cincinnati, OH, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Inc., 1986Vol. 6, Pg. 1418, 1991.
rat LD50 oral 1131mg/kg (1131mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: FOOD INTAKE (ANIMAL)

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0556695,
rat LD50 skin > 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0557608,

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