Cobalt(II) sulfate is used in storage batteries and electroplating baths for cobalt. It also is used as a dryer for lithographic inks; in pigments for decorating porcelains; in ceramics, glazes and enamels to protect from discoloring; and as a additive to soils.
Crystallise it three times from conductivity water (1.3mL/g) between 100o and 0o depending on which hydrate is required. The heptahydrate crystallises below 44o and is efflorescent with m 97o . Between 44o and 70o the monoclinic hexahydrate CoSO4.6H2O m 41.5o is formed, and above 70o the monohydrate CoSO4.H2O m 71o is obtained. The pale reddish or lavender-coloured anhydrous salt is obtained by heating the hydrate above 250o, boiling with conc H2SO4 or heating with (NH4)2SO4).
Odorless rose-pink solid. Sinks and mixes with water.
The anhydrous salt of cobalt(II) sulfate is a red orthogonal crystal; density 3.71g/cm3; melts above 700°C; the monohydrate is red orthogonal crystal having a density of 3.08 g/cm3; the heptahydrate is a pink salt, monoclinic prismatic crystals, density 2.03 g/cm3; heptahydrate dehydrates to hexahydrate at 41°C and converts to monohydrate at 74°C; the anhydrous salt and heptahydrates are soluble in water; monohydrate slowly dissolves in boiling water.
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic cobalt oxide fumes may form in fire.
Cobalt(II) sulfate is prepared by dissolving cobalt(II) oxide, hydroxide or carbonate in dilute sulfuric acid, followed by crystallization:
CoO + H2SO4 → CoSO4 + H2O
Co(OH)2 + H2SO4 → CoSO4 + 2H2O
CoCO3 + H2SO4 → CoSO4 + CO2 + H2O
Crystallization yields the commercial product, pink heptahydrate. Further oxidation of this salt in dilute H2SO4 with ozone or fluorine produces hydrated cobalt(III) sulfate, Co2(SO4)3•18H2O. This blue octadecahydrate, Co2(SO4)3•18H2O also is obtained by electrolytic oxidation of cobalt(II) chloride or any cobalt(II) salt solution in 8M sulfuric acid.
Acidic salts, such as Cobalt sulfate , are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.
Inhalation causes shortness of breath and coughing; permanent disability may occur. Ingestion causes pain and vomiting. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.
Air & Water Reactions