Vapors irritate eyes and respiratory tract; high concentrations can be anesthetic. Liquid irritates eyes but causes no serious injury; may cause dermatitis; no serious effects if swallowed.
colourless liquid with a fruity odour
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Less dense than water and slightly soluble in water.
Wash the acetate with 50% aqueous K2CO3 (to remove acid), then with saturated aqueous CaCl2 (to remove any alcohol). Dry it with CaCl2 and fractionally distil it. [Beilstein 2 IV 141.]
Isopropyl acetate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Isopropyl acetate can react vigorously with nitrates, strong oxidizers, strong alkalis and strong acids. Isopropyl acetate may also attack some forms of rubber, plastics and coatings. .
ChEBI: A branched-chain saturated fatty acid anion that is the conjugate base of isovaleric acid; reported to improve ruminal fermentation and feed digestion in cattle.
A clear colorless liquid. Flash point 40°F. Vapors are heavier than air. Contact with the material may irritate skin, eyes or mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Used as a solvent.
Solvent for cellulose derivatives, plastics, oils and fats; in perfumery.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.