dark brown powder or crystals
Brown crystals or brown amorphous powder. Used as an electroplating chemical and in the manufacture of cadmium electrodes. Is a component of silver alloys, phosphors, semiconductors, glass and ceramic glazes. Formerly used by veterinarians to kill worms and parasites.
Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble in water.
The lethal inhalation dose of Cadmium oxide in humans is 2,500 mg/m3 for a 1 minute exposure. Lethal exposure has been established at 50 mg (cadmium)/m3 for 1 hour for Cadmium oxide dust and 1/2 hour for the fume. These concentrations may be inhaled without sufficient discomfort to warn worker of exposure. Inhalation may cause acute tracheobronchitis, pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema. Exposure can cause kidney and lung damage. Acute exposure by inhalation may cause death by anoxia. The lowest human toxic inhalation concentration is 8.630 mg/m3/5 hours for the fume. Persons with respiratory disorders should be excluded from contact with Cadmium oxide.
Cadmium oxide reacts violently with magnesium.
When heated to decomposition, Cadmium oxide emits toxic fumes of cadmium. (Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compounds) Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Oxides of cadmium react explosively with magnesium when heated.
In phosphors, semiconductors; manufacture of silver alloys, glass; in storage battery electrodes; as nematocide; as catalyst for organic reactions, in cadmium electroplating; in ceramic glazes.