Pharmaceutic aid (alkalizing agent).
Air & Water Reactions
Most of the water of hydration is removed from the decahydrate (see below) by evacuation at 25o for three days, followed by heating to 100o and evacuation with a high-speed diffusion pump. The dried sample is then heated gradually to fusion (above 966o), allowed to cool gradually to 200o, then tranferred to a desiccator containing P2O5 [Grenier & Westrum J Am Chem Soc 78 6226 1956]. [Becher in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I pp 794-795 1963.]
Behavior in Fire: Compound melts to a glassy material that may flow in large quantities and ignite combustibles elsewhere.
No adverse effects from inhaling borax have been reported. Ingestion may cause acute or chronic effects; initial symptoms are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; these may be followed by weakness, depression, headaches, skin rashes, drying skin, cracked lips, and loss of hair; shock may follow ingestion of large doses and may interfere with breathing. Eye contact with powder or solutions may cause irritation; no chronic effects have been recognized, but continued contact should be avoided. Local skin irritation may result from contact with powder or strong solutions; the latter may cause chronic dermatitis on prolonged contact, and if skin is broken, enough boron may be absorbed to cause boron poisoning (symptoms are similar to those for ingestion).
SODIUM PEROXOBORATE is incompatible with the following: Zirconium, strong acids, metallic salts . The true peroxoborate has been reported to detonate on light friction. The common "tetrahydrate" is not a peroxoborate, Sodium tetraborate is relatively stable under mild grinding with other substances.
Sodium borate, N8zB407.lOH20. also known as sodium tetraborate and sodium pyrobomte, is a white crystalline powder that melts at 120°C (248 °F). Sodium borate in its natural impure form is also known as borax, Sodium borate is used in glass and ceramic enamel mixes,detergents, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, and photograph.
Pale yellow solid or thick liquid with a faint odor of detergent. Mixes with water. Soap bubbles may be produced.