AG-490 (133550-30-8) is a potent inhibitor of the JAK2 tyrosine kinase. In acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells, which abundantly express JAK-2, AG-490 dose-dependently blocked cell growth, induced apoptosis and inhibited DNA synthesis. Blocks the growth of all pre-B ALL cells with no effect on normal B or T cells. Does not significantly inhibit other kinases such as Lck, Lyn, Btk, Syk and Src. Reduces liver injury in LPS-induced shock.3 AG-490 is a useful tool for exploring the role of JAK2/STAT3 pathway in physiologic processes.4
AG 490 is a potent epidermal growth factor receptor kinase autophosphorylation inhibitor with an IC50 of 100 nM and 56.8 μM for EGFR and JAK, respectively.
Tyrphostin AG has been used to block IL-6 cytokine signaling to study its effects on glial cell reactivity5. AG 490 has also been used as a JAK2 inhibitor in human umbilical vein endothelial cells6.
Selective inhibitor of EGF receptor tyrosine kinase (IC 50 values are 2 and 13.5 μ M for EGFR and ErbB2 respectively). Inhibitor of JAK2, JAK3/STAT, JAK3/AP-1 and JAK3/MAPK pathways and potently inhibits cytokine-independent cell growth in vitro and tumor cell invasion in vivo .
Jak-2 protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitor. Inhibits interleukin 2 (IL-2) driven mitogenesis and triggers apoptosis of tumor cells in Sezary syndrome, a leukemic variant of cutaneous T cell lymphoma.
1) Wang et al. (1999), JAK3, STAT, and MAPK signaling pathways as novel molecular targets for the tyrphostin AG-490 regulation of IL-2-mediated T cell response; J. Immunol. 162 3897
2) Meydan et al. (1996), Inhibition of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia by Jak-2 inhibitor; Nature, 379 645
3) Gyurkovska and Ivanovaska (2015), Tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG490 reduces liver injury in LPS-induced shock; Eur. J. Pharmacol., 751 118
4) Wu et al. (2015), ROS generated during early reperfusion contribute to intermittent hypobaric hypoxia-afforded cardioprotection against postischemia-induced Ca(+2) overload and contractile dysfunction via the JAK2/STAT3 pathway; J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 81 150