Welcome to LookChem.com Sign In|Join Free


  • or


Post Buying Request

1592-23-0 Suppliers

Recommended suppliersmore

  • Product
  • FOB Price
  • Min.Order
  • Supply Ability
  • Supplier
  • Contact Supplier

1592-23-0 Usage


Calcium stearate also known as calcium octadecanoic acid. Light white crystalline powder. Chemical formula (C17H35COO) 2Ca. The molecular weight is 607.00. Melting point 179~180 ℃, decomposed by heat. Insoluble in water, cold ethanol and diethyl ether, soluble in hot benzene, toluene, and turpentine, slightly soluble in hot ethanol and diethyl ether. It reacts with strong acid to be decomposed into stearic acid and corresponding calcium salt. Water absorption in the air. Intolerance lipolytic microorganisms. Pyrolysis to generate stearin ketones and hydrocarbons. Non-toxic. Industrial often mixed with the corresponding oleate.As stabilizers and lubricants of polyvinyl chloride; as halogen absorbent of polyethylene and polypropylene; as lubricants of polyolefin fibers and molded products; as lubricant and release agent of phenolic, amino and other thermosetting plastics; as intensifier of lubricating grease; as waterproofing agent of waterproof fabric; etc. Food grade Calcium stearate serves as an anti-caking agent. Dilute soap is made by the reaction of melt stearic acid and sodium hydroxide, reacting with calcium chloride, and Calcium stearate is obtained . It can be used as heat stabilizer of polyvinyl chloride, it has excellent lubricity. Thermal stability performance is general, and is less than barium stearate, lead stearate, tin stearate and cadmium stearate. But it is cheap, low toxicity, good processability. Combined with Zinc soap and an epoxy compound, it shows a synergistic effect, improving the thermal stability, and it is commonly used for requirements nontoxic soft products, such as food packaging films, medical instruments, etc. It combines with the base lead salts and lead soaps used for hard products, increasing the gelation speed. Calcium stearate is used for polyethylene and polypropylene, and it can eliminate the adverse effects of residual catalyst on the resin color and stability. This product is also widely used as lubricant and release agent of thermosetting plastics, such as polyolefin, polyester reinforced plastics, phenolic resin, amino resin, etc. The disadvantage of Calcium stearate is initial color. When heating at above 100 ℃ with longer time, Calcium stearate will make the white PVC become a reddish color. Particularly when titanium dioxide exists in formula, coloring is particularly serious. At this point, if 0.06~0.12% Na2CO3 or 0.09~0.19 NaHCO3 are added, it can overcome this shortcoming. But because these substances are too alkaline, they are not used in practice. In addition, when the amount of this product is large, there is segregation scaling phenomenon.

chemical properties

Calcium stearate is an odorless, white powder, Insoluble in water, slightly soluble in hot ethanol. It used in many manufacturing processes and preparations. Also known as calcium salt and octadecanoic acid, it is a carboxylate created by heating stearic acid and calcium oxide.Calcium stearate has many potential uses, including as a flow agent, stabilizing agent and surface conditioner in the production of certain foods — notably, many candies. It is used as a mold-release agent for pharmaceutical tablets and capsules, as an anti-caking agent in cosmetics and as a thickener in lubricants and greases. It is also a stabilizer found in many plastics and is used to process concrete and paper.

Barium stearate

Barium stearate, also known as " barium octadecanoic acid ", chemical formula Ba (C18H35O2) 2. The molecular weight is 704.13. White fine powder. Melting point 160 ℃, relative density of 1.15. Insoluble in water, soluble in cold ethanol, soluble in hot ethanol, benzene, toluene, and other non-polar solvents, after heated and dissolved in an organic solvent , and cooled into jelly. Encountered strong acid, Barium stearate can be decomposed into stearic acid and corresponding barium salt. Water absorption in the air.Preparation method: Stearic acid reacts with barium carbonate or barium hydroxide, or sodium stearate solution reacts with dilute barium chloride solution, Barium stearate is obtained . Barium stearate can be used as waterproof products, alkali pump packing, and can also be used as high-temperature lubricants and fillers of machine; heat resistance and light fastness of stabilizers of polyvinyl chloride plastics, high temperature resistant powder mold of rubber products. Barium stearate is toxic, toxicity coefficient T = 2, the typical symptoms of poisoning are vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, increased blood pressure, pulse rate disorders, etc.

Anti-caking agent

Anti-caking agent, also known as caking inhibitor, is used to prevent the particles and powdered food from aggregation and agglomeration, maintaining its loose or free flowing substances. Its particles is tiny, loose porous and strong adsorption. It easily absorbs the water and oil which lead to the formation of agglomerates, making food to maintain a powder or granules state. There are five species of anti-caking agent which are permitted to be used in China: potassium ferrocyanide, sodium aluminosilicate, tricalcium phosphate, silica and microcrystalline cellulose. Anti-caking agents are varied, in addition to five kinds which are permitted in China, aluminum, silica, calcium silicate, Calcium stearate, magnesium carbonate, magnesium stearate, magnesium, magnesium phosphate, magnesium silicate, kaolin, talc and ferrocyanide are permitted to be used in Foreign. In addition, they have anti-caking effect, and some also have other effects, for example, calcium silicate and kaolin also has the function of filter aids, and Calcium stearate and magnesium stearate have emulsifying effect. And in addition that ferrocyanide has limited ADI value, security of other varieties are very good, ADI values are no provisions. Based on requirement, proper developments are still needed.

Wire drawing lubricants

During the process of the metal wire drawing, it sever as technological lubrication material. Its role is to form a lubricant film between the drawing metal and wire drawing die wall, reducing friction of interface, and preventing metal from bonding with wall because of heat, so as to reduce energy consumption and temperature when wire drawing, extend the service life of the die, ensure the surface quality of the product and make deformation uniform. Steel wire drawing lubricants are classified into solid and liquid lubricants. Solid lubricant is powder lubricant, used for dry wire drawing. Its constitution is a variety of single metal soap or metal soap which is added certain additives. Metal soap is a metal salt of fatty acids. Metallic soap as a lubricant is required to have a higher softening point and transition temperature (coefficient of friction is a sudden rise in temperature), good wear resistance and pressure resistance. Metal soap used as drawing lubricants commonly are sodium soaps and calcium soap. Sodium soda and sodium soaps are sodium stearate C17H35COONa which is chemical combination of caustic soda and saturated fatty acid glycerol C3H5 (C17H35COO), is water-soluble soap and easy to remove, applying to not too high speed and temperature of dry wire drawing. It can also be used to wet wire drawing of filament, or for drawing of steel wire with subsequent plated operations. Calcium soaps are Calcium stearate which are chemical combination of calcium hydroxide or calcium oxide and glyceryl stearate. Others include barium stearate, zinc stearate, aluminum stearate and other metal soaps. Calcium soap can form thick lubricating film with good elongation and lubrication, and therefore often it is the main component of the solid lubricant. Calcium soap is insoluble in water, easily washed clear, not applying to drawing of pre-coated steel wire. Additives are to improve lubricity or to obtain special properties which are small amounts of other substances added in the lubricant, including extreme pressure additives, oiliness improving agents, thickeners and preservatives, etc. Extreme pressure additives serve as the main additives. It can react with the metal friction surface to generate high melting point and low shear strength of metallic compound thin film, thereby improving the lubrication performance of the lubricant at high temperature and pressure. Such additives mainly include molybdenum disulfide, graphite and poly tetra fluoro ethylene, etc. Oily improving agent, also known as active additive, its role is to improve the capability of lubricants to absorb and form lubricating film. Such additives include various higher fatty acids, tallow amine, etc. Thickener is an added additive to increase the consistency of lubricant, whose materials include soda ash, lime, barium sulfate, calcium carbonate, etc. Preservatives, also known as corrosion inhibitor ,its role is to prevent corrosion of steel wire substrate from lubricant,whose material include sodium nitrite, sodium phosphate, etc. The above information is edited by the lookchem of Liu Yujie.

Identification test

Taking 1 g sample, mixed with 25ml and 5ml hydrochloric acid water, heating, fatty acids are released, so that oily layer floats in the surface of the liquid. Water layer is used for calcium test (IT-10), and it should be positive. Taking 25 g sample, mixed with 200 ml hot water, added sulfuric acid test solution (TS-241) 60ml, heating and vigorous stirring to precipitate fatty acid, there is clear liquid. Fatty washed with boiling water, until the sulfates is divisible, collected in a small beaker, warmed on a steam bath to completely separate the fatty acid from the aqueous layer, and kept clear. Cooled and discarded the aqueous layer, the fatty acid melted and filtered-dried beaker, dried at 105 ℃ for 20min. The freezing point of purified fatty acid should not be less than 54 ℃. Freezing point is determined by conventional methods.

Content analysis

About 1.2 g sample is accurately weighed, added 0.1 mol/L hydrochloric acid, boiled 10min, or until the fatty layer is clear, if necessary, adding water to maintain the original volume. Cooled and filtered, the filtrate and flask was washed thoroughly with water until last washing liquor is no longer acidic to litmus. Filtrate is treated with sodium hydroxide solution (TS-224.) and it is neutral to litmus. Under sufficiently stirred with a magnetic stirrer, about 30ml 0.05mol/L disodium EDTA is added via a 50ml burette, adding 15ml sodium hydroxide solution and 300 mg hydroxy naphthol blue indicator, and continuing the titration to a blue endpoint. Per milliliter 0.05mol/L disodium EDTA is equivalent 2.804 mg CaO.


ADI unrestrictive provision (FAO/WHO,2001). GRAS(FDA,§184.1229, 2000).

Limitation of utilization

FAO/WHO (1984): coated with glucose powder, sucrose powder and stock cube, etc. 15g/kg. GB 2760-1996: chewing gum base, GMP limit. In USA, it is used for beet sugar, pressed candies, garlic salt, meat tenderizer, dry molasses, salad prefabricated powder, spice powder, yeast.


Different sources of media describe the Uses of 1592-23-0 differently. You can refer to the following data:
1. As non-toxic stabilizers and lubricants, mold release agents of polyvinyl chloride and water repellent of textiles. As lubricant of coating paper and paint. As internal lubricant and non-toxic stabilizers of polyvinyl chloride, and as mold release agents of the foundry industry. Anti-caking agent; adhesive; emulsifier; lubricants; mold release agents; stabilizers; thickeners; flavoring agents. As stabilizers and lubricants of polyvinyl chloride, and as non-toxic food packaging, medical devices and other soft film containers. As halogen absorbent of polyethylene and polypropylene, it can eliminate residual catalyst in resin. As lubricant of resin colors and molding products, but also as release agents of phenolic, amino thermosetting plastic and plastics and lubricant of polyester reinforced plastic, as thickening agent of grease, waterproofing agents of textile and flatting agent of paint. Food grade Calcium stearate can serve as an anti-caking agent to prevent powdered or crystalline food from aggregation and agglomeration, keeping free-flowing. But China's GB2760-86 allowing the use of anti-caking agent is currently only potassium ferrocyanide which is used for salt. According to the FAO/WHO regulations, Calcium stearate can be used for coating glucose powder, sucrose powder and stock cube, etc. , the maximum allowable amount is15 g/kg. As a waterproofing agent, lubricant and plastic additives. It is widely used in food, medicine, cosmetics, plastics and rubber industries, mainly used for lubricants, emulsifiers, stabilizers, release agents, accelerators, cosmetic base materials. In the rigid plastics, it can increase the speed of the condensate. It can also be used for food packaging, medical devices and other non-toxic flexible film, but also has the effect of stabilizing agent and good long-term stability. As stabilizers and lubricants of polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride. As halogen absorbent of polyethylene and polypropylene, it can eliminate the adverse effects of residual resin on catalyst resin color and stability. It widely used to improve the heat resistance of plastic in foreign countries, improving weather resistance initial color and breathability. It will replace the toxic stabilizers with same performance.
2. For waterproofing fabrics, cement, stucco, explosives; as a releasing agent for plastic molding powders; as a stabilizer for polyvinyl chloride resins; lubricant; in pencils and wax crayons. Food grade calcium stearate, derived from edible tallow, is used as a conditioning agent in certain food and pharmaceutical products.
3. Calcium Stearate is the calcium salt of stearic acid which functions as an anticaking agent, binder, and emulsifier. it is used in garlic salt, dry molasses, vanilla and vanilla-vanillin powder, salad dressing mix, and meat tenderizer. it can be used for mold release in the tableting of pressed candies.
4. Calcium Stearate is a salt of Stearic Acid used in the synthesis of surfactants and detergents due to the fatty acid component of its structure.

Production methods

Firstly melted stearic acid reacts with sodium hydroxide solution to form a dilute soap, then reacted with calcium chloride, Calcium stearate crude is obtained, followed by washed, swirling water, drying, finished product is obtained. Kg/ton stearate, 920 sodium hydroxide (100% discount) 140 Calcium chloride (100% discount) 400. After food grade sodium stearate interacts with calcium chloride solution, follow by filtered and refined.


Toxic substance

Acute toxicity

Oral-rat LD50:> 10000 mg/kg; Oral-mouse LD50:> 10000 mg/kg.

Flammability hazard characteristics

A public dust hazard; acrid smoke is generated by thermal decomposition.

Storage Characteristics

Storehouse keeps low temperature, dry and ventilated.

Extinguishing agent


Occupational standards

TWA 10 mg/m3


Calcium stearate is carboxylate of calcium that is found in some lubricants and surfactants. It is a white waxy powder.

Chemical Properties

Calcium stearate occurs as a fine, white to yellowish-white, bulky powder having a slight, characteristic odor. It is unctuous and free from grittiness.

Production Methods

Calcium stearate is prepared by the reaction of calcium chloride with a mixture of the sodium salts of stearic and palmitic acids. The calcium stearate formed is collected and washed with water to remove any sodium chloride.


Calcium stearate is used as a flow agent in powders including some foods (such as Smarties), a surface conditioner in hard candies such as Sprees, a waterproofing agent for fabrics, a lubricant in pencils and crayons. The concrete industry uses calcium stearate for efflorescence control of cementitious products used in the production of concrete masonry units i.e. paver and block, as well as waterproofing. In paper production, calcium stearate is used as a lubricant to provide good gloss, preventing dusting and fold cracking in paper and paperboard making. In plastics, it can act as an acid scavenger or neutralizer at concentrations up to 1000ppm, a lubricant and a release agent. It may be used in plastic colorant concentrates to improve pigment wetting. In rigid PVC, it can accelerate fusion, improve flow, and reduce die swell. Applications in the personal care and pharmaceutical industry include tablet mold release, anti-tack agent, and gelling agent. Calcium stearate is a component in some types of defoamers.


Calcium stearate is produced by heating stearic acid, a fatty acid, and calcium oxide:2C17H35COOH + CaO→(C17H35COO)2Ca + H2OIt is also the main component of soap scum, a white solid that forms when soap is mixed with hard water. Unlike soaps containing sodium and potassium, calcium stearate is insoluble in water and does not lather well . Commercially it is sold as a 50 % dispersion in water or as a spray dried powder. As a food additive it is known by the generic E number E470. .


Different sources of media describe the Definition of 1592-23-0 differently. You can refer to the following data:
1. Variable proportions of calcium stearate and calcium palmitate.
2. An insoluble salt of octadecanoic acid. It is formed as ‘scum’ when SOAP, containing the soluble salt sodium octadecanoate, is mixed with hard water containing calcium ions.


A nuisance dust.

Flammability and Explosibility


Pharmaceutical Applications

Calcium stearate is primarily used in pharmaceutical formulations as a lubricant in tablet and capsule manufacture at concentrations up to 1.0% w/w. Although it has good antiadherent and lubricant properties, calcium stearate has poor glidant properties. Calcium stearate is also employed as an emulsifier, stabilizing agent, and suspending agent, and is also used in cosmetics and food products.

Safety Profile

A nuisance dust. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.


Calcium stearate is used in oral pharmaceutical formulations and is generally regarded as a relatively nontoxic and nonirritant material.


Calcium stearate is stable and should be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry place.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral capsules and tablets). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

Check Digit Verification of cas no

The CAS Registry Mumber 1592-23-0 includes 7 digits separated into 3 groups by hyphens. The first part of the number,starting from the left, has 4 digits, 1,5,9 and 2 respectively; the second part has 2 digits, 2 and 3 respectively.
Calculate Digit Verification of CAS Registry Number 1592-23:
80 % 10 = 0
So 1592-23-0 is a valid CAS Registry Number.

1592-23-0 Well-known Company Product Price

  • Brand
  • (Code)Product description
  • CAS number
  • Packaging
  • Price
  • Detail
  • Alfa Aesar

  • (39423)  Calcium stearate   

  • 1592-23-0

  • 1kg

  • 250.0CNY

  • Detail
  • Alfa Aesar

  • (39423)  Calcium stearate   

  • 1592-23-0

  • 5kg

  • 945.0CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (26411)  Calciumstearate  6.6-7.4% Ca basis

  • 1592-23-0

  • 26411-1KG

  • 879.84CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (26411)  Calciumstearate  6.6-7.4% Ca basis

  • 1592-23-0

  • 26411-6X1KG

  • 4,545.45CNY

  • Detail
  • USP

  • (1087359)  Calciumstearate  United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

  • 1592-23-0

  • 1087359-2G

  • 4,647.24CNY

  • Detail



According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017


1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Calcium stearate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Stearic acid calcium salt

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Adhesives and sealant chemicals,Anti-adhesive agents,Corrosion inhibitors and anti-scaling agents,Fillers,Finishing agents,Lubricants and lubricant additives,Processing aids, not otherwise listed,Viscosity adjustors
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:1592-23-0 SDS

1592-23-0Synthetic route

stearic acid

stearic acid

calcium stearate

calcium stearate

With water; calcium oxide In glycerol
With Ca2H2O In ethanol
With calcium hydroxide In ethanol; water for 24h; pH=5.9;
With calcium hydroxide at 70 - 150℃; under 2250.23 Torr; for 1h; Pressure; Temperature; Autoclave;
With calcium hydroxide In methanol; water at 65℃; for 0.00138889h; Industrial scale;
calcium(II) chloride dihydrate

calcium(II) chloride dihydrate

stearic acid

stearic acid

calcium stearate

calcium stearate

In water at 70℃;
calcium stearate

calcium stearate


methylammonium carbonate
15719-64-9, 15719-76-3, 97762-63-5

methylammonium carbonate


carbon monoxide

carbon monoxide







at 315 - 540℃; Produkt 5: Alkenen; Produkt 6: Arenen.Pyrolysis;
cis-Octadecenoic acid

cis-Octadecenoic acid

calcium stearate

calcium stearate

Stage #1: cis-Octadecenoic acid; calcium stearate at 100℃; for 1h;
Stage #2: at 350℃; for 5h; Inert atmosphere;

1592-23-0Upstream product

1592-23-0Downstream Products

1592-23-0Relevant articles and documents

Dissolution of soap scum by surfactant part I: Effects of chelant and type of soap scum

Itsadanont, Sawwalak,Scamehorn, John F.,Soontravanich, Sukhwan,Sabatini, David A.,Chavadej, Sumaeth

, p. 849 - 857 (2014)

The equilibrium solubilities of two model soap scums [calcium stearate and magnesium stearate: Ca(C18)2 and Mg(C18) 2] were measured in aqueous solutions containing three different types of surfactants: methyl ester sulfonate (MES) as an anionic; alcohol ethoxylate (EO9) as a nonionic; and dimethyldodecylamine oxide (DDAO) as an amphoteric with and without a chelating agent [disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Na2EDTA)]. The solubility of calcium soap scum was generally higher than that of magnesium soap scum, the exception being some DDAO systems. The use of the DDAO surfactant with the Na 2EDTA chelating agent at high pH gives the highest solubilities of both studied soap scums. The soap scum solubility is on the order of 2,000 times that in water at high pH. The DDAO is the most effective surfactant under all conditions. The MES is more effective than the EO9 at low pH with the opposite trend observed at high pH. The synergism from added chelant is generally greater at higher pH and is greatest for DDAO followed by EO9.

Continuous preparation method of metal fatty acid salt


Paragraph 0080; 0081; 0082; 0083, (2019/04/04)

The invention relates to a continuous preparation method of metal fatty acid salt. The continuous preparation method of the metal fatty acid salt comprises the step of continuously enabling fatty acidand metal hydroxides to react in a solvent and prepare the metal fatty acid salt in a microchannel reactor or pipeline reactor. The preparation method disclosed by the invention can control the particle diameter of a product material to be within 70nm and 1000nm, and the particle diameter of the product material can be adjusted as needed; the metal fatty acid salt is simple in preparation method,short in technological process, few in three wastes (waste water, waste residues and waste gas), beneficial to environmental protection and suitable for industrial production; the reactor used in theinvention has short reaction time, high safety, high efficiency and large productivity, and can realize continuous production, furthermore, the space utilization rate of workshops is high, and mass production can be realized; by adopting the preparation method disclosed by the invention, the solvent can be recycled to lower the production cost; and the preparation method has high conversion rateof raw materials, stable quality and high purity.

Characterisation of metal carboxylates by Raman and infrared spectroscopy in works of art

Otero, Vanessa,Sanches, Diogo,Montagner, Cristina,Vilarigues, Mrcia,Carlyle, Leslie,Lopes, Joo A.,Melo, Maria J.

, p. 1197 - 1206 (2015/02/19)

This work introduces the complementary use of μ-Raman and μ-Fourier transform infrared (IR) spectroscopy for the detection of specific carbon chains and cations for the identification of metal carboxylates within oil paint microsamples. Metal carboxylates (metal soaps) form naturally when free fatty acids react with metal cations and may also be found as additives or degradation products. Twenty-two metal carboxylates were synthesised, and their spectra assembled in a reference database. Metal salts of cations commonly present in oil paintings were used, including lead, zinc, calcium, cadmium, copper and manganese. The fatty acids selected were the saturated acids palmitic (C1 6:0) and stearic (C18:0) and the polyunsaturated oleic acid (C1 8:1). Azelaic acid (C9 diacid), a product resulting from autoxidation of polyunsaturated acids, was also included. Metal carboxylates were characterised by Raman and IR spectroscopy, and their structures were confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Raman and IR spectroscopy proved to be complementary techniques for a full identification of the metal carboxylates in complex aged paint. Raman enables the differentiation of the carbon chain length in the C-C stretching region (1120-1040 cm-1), and IR distinguishes the metal cation in the COO- stretching absorption region (1650-1380cm-1). Principal component analysis was applied to the spectra in order to facilitate a fast and accurate method to discriminate between the different metal carboxylates and to aide in their identification. Finally, spectra from case studies were successfully projected in the principal component analysis models built, enabling a higher confidence level for the identification of copper palmitate and copper azelate in two 19th-century Portuguese oil paintings.

Post a RFQ

Enter 15 to 2000 letters.Word count: 0 letters

Attach files(File Format: Jpeg, Jpg, Gif, Png, PDF, PPT, Zip, Rar,Word or Excel Maximum File Size: 3MB)


What can I do for you?
Get Best Price

Get Best Price for 1592-23-0