An antineoplastic agent used in breast cancer research
Mechanisms of Action
Lapatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor which can effectively inhibit the tyrosine kinase activity of human epidermal growth factor receptors 1 and 2 (ErbB1, ErbB2). It can uniquely act in a variety of ways, ensuring that breast cancer cells cannot receive growth signals. It inhibits intracellular EGFR (ErbB-1) and HER2 (ErbB-2) ATP sites, preventing tumor cell phosphorylation and activation, blocking down-regulation signals through the homogeneity and heterogeneity of EGFR (ErbB-1) and HER2 (ErbB-1) dimerization.
Indications and Usage
Lapatinib is a drug targeting breast cancer developed by British GlaxoSmithKline Co.
Human ErbB receptors belong to the type I tyrosine kinase (TK) receptor family, including ErbB1 (EGFR), ErbB2 (HER2), ErbB3 (HER3), and ErbB4 (HER4). The ErbB-1 (EGFR) and ErbB-2 (HER-2) receptors are often overexpressed or otherwise altered in cancer patients. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ErbB-2, HER-2) is known to be a human oncogene closely related with breast cancer. Its high expression in breast cancer often predicts lymph node metastasis and poor tumor differentiation, with poor prognosis. HER-2 is one of the target molecules for breast cancer-specific therapy. Lapatinib can act simultaneously on both Her-1 Her-2. The biological effects of this method inhibiting the proliferation and growth of tumor cells are much larger than only acting on one target. The combination of Lapatinib with Capecitabine is used to treat patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer with overexpression of human epidermal receptor2, already treated with anthracyclines, paclitaxel, and trastuzumab. Clinical trials have shown that Lapatinib also effectively treats HER2-type cancer patients with Herceptin resistance.
antineoplastic, tyrosine kinase inhibitor
Lapatinib, used in the form of Lapatinib Ditosylate, is a potent EGFR and ErbB2 inhibitor with IC50 of 10.8 and 9.2 nM, respectively.
Lapatinib Ditosylate (GW572016, GW2016, Tykerb, Tyverb) is a potent EGFR and ErbB2 inhibitor with IC50 of 10.8 and 9.2 nM, respectively.