Air & Water Reactions
Polymerizes readily upon exposure to oxygen in the air. Reacts exothermically with water to give hydrochloric acid and acrylic acid.
When heated to decomposition, Acrylyl chloride emits toxic fumes of chlorides. Decomposes in water.
Acrylyl chloride is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, alkali. Polymerizes readily upon exposure to oxygen. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
A liquid. Boiling point 75°C. Used to make plastics. Polymerization in a closed container can cause pressurization and explosive rupture.