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1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol

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1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol

EINECS 202-491-9
CAS No. 96-23-1 Density 1.306 g/cm3
Solubility soluble in water: >=10 g/100 mL at 23 °C Melting Point -4 °C
Formula C3H6Cl2O Boiling Point 174.3 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Weight 128.99 Flash Point 85.6 °C
Transport Information UN 2750 6.1/PG 2 Appearance Colorless to light yellow liquid
Safety 53-45-36/37-16 Risk Codes 45-21-25-39-23/24/25-11
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 96-23-1 (1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol) Hazard Symbols ToxicT,FlammableF
Synonyms

1,3-Dichloro-2-hydroxypropane;1,3-Dichlorohydrin;1,3-Dichloroisopropanol;1,3-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol;2-Chloro-1-(chloromethyl)ethanol;Bis(chloromethyl)methanol;Glycerol 1,3-dichlorohydrin;Glycerol a,g-dichlorohydrin;NSC 70982;Propylene dichlorohydrin;sym-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol;sym-Glycerol dichlorohydrin;a,g-Dichlorohydrin;a-Dichlorohydrin;

 

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Chemical Properties

IUPAC Name: 1,3-dichloropropan-2-ol 
Empirical Formula: C3H6Cl2O
Molecular Weight: 128.9851g/mol
EINECS: 202-491-9 
Structure of 1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol (CAS NO.96-23-1):

Index of Refraction: 1.462
Molar Refractivity: 27.13 cm3
Molar Volume: 98.7 cm3
Polarizability: 10.75×10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 36.4 dyne/cm
Density: 1.306 g/cm3
Flash Point: 85.6 °C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 47.81 kJ/mol 
Melting Point: -4 °C
Boiling Point: 174.3 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.377 mmHg at 25°C 
Water Solubility soluble. >=10 g/100 mL at 23 ºC 
Product Categories: Industrial/Fine Chemicals;Benzene derivates;Alpha Sort;D;DAlphabetic;DIA - DIC;Volatiles/ Semivolatiles 
Canonical SMILES: C(C(CCl)O)Cl
InChI: InChI=1S/C3H6Cl2O/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3,6H,1-2H2
InChIKey: DEWLEGDTCGBNGU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Uses

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol is used in the synthesis of Glycerol, the production of plastics and textiles and in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals. 1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol is used as a solvent, and as a cement for celluloid. It is also present in some foods, e.g. soy sauce, soup spices and instant soups, from hydrolization of proteins.

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Toxicity Data With Reference

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 oral 25mg/kg (25mg/kg)   EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 69, Pg. 203, 1986.
rabbit LD50 skin 800uL/kg (0.8mL/kg)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, Pg. 95, 1962.
rat LCLo inhalation 125ppm/4H (125ppm)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, Pg. 95, 1962.
rat LD50 oral 110mg/kg (110mg/kg)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, Pg. 95, 1962.
rat LDLo intraperitoneal 70mg/kg (70mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

LIVER: "HEPATITIS (HEPATOCELLULAR NECROSIS), ZONAL"
Human & Experimental Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 262, 1997.

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Consensus Reports

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol is Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory. EPA Genetic Toxicology Program.

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Safety Profile

Hazard Codes: ToxicT,FlammableF
Risk Statements: 45-21-25-39-23/24/25-11
R45:May cause cancer. 
R21:Harmful in contact with skin. 
R25 :Toxic if swallowed. 
R39:Danger of very serious irreversible effects. 
R23/24/25:Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 
R11:Highly flammable.
Safety Statements: 53-45-36/37-16 
S53:Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. 
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.) 
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. 
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition.
RIDADR: UN 2750 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany: 3
RTECS: UB1400000
F: 10
HazardClass: 6.1
PackingGroup: II
HS Code: 29055910
Hazardous Substances Data: 96-23-1(Hazardous Substances Data)

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Standards and Recommendations

DFG MAK: Animal Carcinogen, Suspected Human Carcinogen
DOT Classification:  6.1; Label: Poison

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol Specification

  1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol , its cas register number is 96-23-1. It also can be called 1,3-Dichloro-2-hydroxypropane ; 1,3-Dichlorohydrin ; 1,3-Dichloroisopropanol ; 2-Propanol, 1-3-dichloro- ; Dichlorohydrin ; Enodrin ; Gdch ; Glycerol 1,3-dichlorohydrin ; Glycerol alpha,gamma-dichlorohydrin ; Propylene dichlorohydrin ; Sym-dichloroisopropyl alcohol ; Sym-glycerol dichlorohydrin ; alpha-Propenyldichlorohydrin ; s-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol ; s-Glycerol dichlorohydrin ; sym-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol . 1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol (CAS NO.96-23-1) is a colorless to yellow slightly viscous liquid with an ethereal odor.

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