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Mannitol hexanitrate

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Name Mannitol hexanitrate EINECS
CAS No. 15825-70-4 Density 1.853g/cm3
Solubility Melting Point
Formula C6H8 N6 O18 Boiling Point 537.1°Cat760mmHg
Molecular Weight 452.17 Flash Point 232.4°C
Transport Information Appearance
Safety Moderately toxic by ingestion and inhalation causing a fall in blood pressure that may result in weakness, headache, and dizziness. Chronic exposure may produce methemoglobinemia with cyanosis. A powerful explosive sensitive to shock or heat. Upon decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also NITRATES and EXPLOSIVES, HIGH. Risk Codes 3
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 15825-70-4 (D-Mannitol,1,2,3,4,5,6-hexanitrate) Hazard Symbols Dangerous fire and explosion risk; an initiating explosive.
Synonyms

D-Mannitol,hexanitrate (9CI); Mannitol hexanitrate (6CI); Mannitol, hexanitrate, D-(7CI,8CI); Angiospasmyl; Dilangil; Hexanitrol; Hypertenain; MHN; Maltrate;Manexin; Manhexin; Manicole; Mannex; Mannitate; Mannite hexanitrate; Mannitolnitrate; Mannitrin; Maxitate; Medemanol; Moloid; Nitranitol; Nitromannite;Nitromannitol

 

Chemistry

The IUPAC name of Mannitol hexanitrate (CAS NO.15825-70-4):
[(2R,3R,4R,5R)-1,2,4,5,6-Pentanitrooxyhexan-3-yl] nitrate
Synonyms: Hexanitrate de mannitol ; Hexanitrate de mannitol [INN-French] ; Hexanitrato de manitol ; Hexanitrato de manitol [INN-Spanish] ; Mannitoli hexanitras ; Mannitoli hexanitras [INN-Latin] ; Mannitolo esanitrato ; Mannitolo esanitrato [DCIT] ; Mannityli nitras ; Mannitylium hexanitricum ; Nitranitol 
CAS: 15825-70-4
EINECS: 239-924-6 
Molecular Formula: C6H8N6O18
Formula Weight: 452.15712 g/mol
Molecular Structure:

Index of Refraction: 1.537 
Density: 1.853 g/cm
Flash Point: 232.4 °C 
Boiling Point: 537.1 °C at 760 mmHg
General Description: Colorless needles. Used for filling blasting caps.
Air & Water: Reactions Insoluble in water.

Uses

The Mannitol hexanitrate (CAS NO.15825-70-4) is used as  a vasodilator and as an explosive in blasting caps. Its sensitivity is considerably high, particularly at high temperatures (>75 °C) where it is more sensitive than nitroglycerine.
 

Consensus Reports

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.

Safety Profile

The Hazard Codes of Mannitol hexanitrate (CAS NO.15825-70-4):ExplosiveE
Risk Statements: R3: Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
Safety Statements: S35:This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.
RIDADR: 0133
HazardClass: 1.1D
PackingGroup: II
Moderately toxic by ingestion and inhalation causing a fall in blood pressure that may result in weakness, headache, and dizziness. Chronic exposure may produce methemoglobinemia with cyanosis. A powerful explosive sensitive to shock or heat. Upon decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also NITRATES and EXPLOSIVES, HIGH.

Standards and Recommendations

DOT Classification:  Forbidden (dry); DOT Class: EXPLOSIVE 1.1A; Label: EXPLOSIVE 1.1A

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