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65576-45-6 Usage


(±)-Asenapine is an atypical antipsychotic. It binds to dopamine D1-4, α-adrenergic, and histamine receptors (Kis = 0.42-1.45, 0.32-1.26, and 1-6.17 nM, respectively), as well as the serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtypes 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B, 5-HT2C, 5-HT5A, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 (Kis = 0.03-3.98 nM). (±)-Asenapine inhibits the suppression of neuron firing induced by the 5-HT2A, dopamine D2, and α2-adrenergic receptor agonists 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI), apomorphine, and clonidine , respectively, in rat brain (ED50s = 75, 40, and 85 μg/kg, respectively). In vivo, (±)-asenapine (0.05-0.2 mg/kg, s.c.) increases extracellular dopamine levels in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), nucleus accumbens (NAc), and lateral striatum and suppresses the conditioned avoidance response in rats. It prevents acute and chronic phencyclidine-induced deficits in cued reversal learning in rats when administered at a dose of 0.075 mg/kg. Formulations containing asenapine have been used in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder.

Chemical Properties

Yellow Oil


Combined serotonin (5HT2) and dopamine (D2) receptor antagonist; structurally related to Mianserin. Antipsychotic

Biological Activity

Novel psychopharmacologic agent. Displays antagonist activity at 5-HT, dopamine, noradrenalin and histamine receptor subtypes (pK i values are 8.60, 8.40, 10.15, 9.75, 10.46, 8.84, 9.60, 9.94, 8.85, 8.90, 8.84, 9.38, 8.95, 8.93, 8.9, 9.49, 8.91, 9.00 and 8.21 for 5-HT 1A , 5-HT 1B , 5-HT 2A , 5-HT 2B , 5-HT 2C , 5-HT 5A , 5-HT 6 , 5-HT 7 , D 1 , D 2L , D 2S , D 3 , D 4 , α 1A , α 2A , α 2B , α 2C , H 1 and H 2 receptors respectively). Displays no appreciable affinity for muscarinic receptors. Exhibits potent activity in animal models predictive of antipsychotic efficacy.

Clinical Use

Atypical antipsychotic Treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disease

Enzyme inhibitor

This atypical antipsychotic agent (FW = 285.77 g/mol; CAS 65576-45-6), marketed under the trade names Saphris ?, and also known as Org 5222 and (3aRS,12bRS)-rel-5-chloro-2,3,3a,12b-tetrahydro-2-methyl-1H-dibenz[2,3: 6,7]-oxepino-[4,5-c]pyrrole, is multi-receptor antagonist with the following spectrum of binding interactions: serotonin 5-HT1A receptor, Ki = 2.5 nM; serotonin 5-HT1B receptor, Ki = 4.0 nM; serotonin 5-HT2A receptor, Ki = 0.06 nM; serotonin 5-HT2B receptor, Ki = 0.16 nM; serotonin 5-HT2C receptor, Ki = 0.03 nM; serotonin 5-HT5A receptor, Ki = 1.6 nM; serotonin 5-HT6 receptor, Ki = 1.5 nM; serotonin 5-HT7 receptor, Ki = 0.13 nM; a1- Adrenergic receptor, Ki = 1.2 nM; a2A-Adrenergic receptor, Ki = 1.2 nM; a2B-Adrenergic receptor, Ki = 0.25 nM; a2C-Adrenergic receptor, Ki = 1.2 nM; dopamine D1-receptor, Ki = 1.4 nM; dopamine D2-receptor, Ki = 1.3 nM; dopamine D3-receptor, Ki = 0.4 nM; dopamine D4-receptor, Ki = 1.1 nM; histamine H1-receptor, Ki = 1.0 nM; and histamine H2-receptor, Ki = 6 nM. Like other atypical antipsychotic drugs, asenapine preferentially enhances dopamine and acetylcholine efflux in the rat medial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. See Reference-x for asenapine’s UV, IR, NMR, and mass spectra as well as X-ray analysis, thermal properties, solubilities and partition coefficient.

Drug interactions

Potentially hazardous interactions with other drugs Anaesthetics: enhanced hypotensive effect. Analgesics: increased risk of convulsions with tramadol; enhanced hypotensive and sedative effects with opioids. Anti-arrhythmics: increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias with anti-arrhythmics that prolong the QT interval; avoid with amiodarone, disopyramide and procainamide (risk of ventricular arrhythmias). Antidepressants: concentration possibly increased by fluvoxamine; possibly increased paroxetine concentration; concentration of tricyclics possibly increased. Antiepileptics: antagonises anticonvulsant effect. Antimalarials: avoid with artemether/lumefantrine. Antivirals: concentration possibly increased by ritonavir. Anxiolytics and hypnotics: increased sedative effects.


Metabolism is by direct glucuronidation by UGT1A4 and oxidative metabolism by cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (predominantly CYP1A2) are the primary metabolic pathways for asenapine. Excretion is 50% renal and 50% via the faeces.

Check Digit Verification of cas no

The CAS Registry Mumber 65576-45-6 includes 8 digits separated into 3 groups by hyphens. The first part of the number,starting from the left, has 5 digits, 6,5,5,7 and 6 respectively; the second part has 2 digits, 4 and 5 respectively.
Calculate Digit Verification of CAS Registry Number 65576-45:
156 % 10 = 6
So 65576-45-6 is a valid CAS Registry Number.



According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 13, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 13, 2017


1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Asenapine

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Vitamin C Palmitate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:65576-45-6 SDS

65576-45-6Relevant articles and documents

For the preparation of asenapine and used for preparing intermediates of asenapine


, (2019/01/22)

The invention relates to a method for preparing asenapine shown in a general formula (9) and an intermediate shown in a general formula (7) and used for preparing asenapine. The general formulas are shown in the specification. The method comprises the step that asenapine shown in the general formula (9) is obtained through ring-closure reaction of a compound shown in a general formula (8).

A process for the preparation of key intermediate asenapine


, (2017/01/31)

The invention provides a chemical synthesis method, in particular to a preparation method of a key intermediate [formula (III)] compound of asenapine capable of serving as a schizophrenia drug. In an anhydrous system, the intermediate [formula (III)] compound is obtained through dehydration of an intermediate [formula (II)] compound and anhydride under the action of a catalyst. The invention further provides a novel method for preparing asenapine by the intermediate [formula (III)]. The provided method has the advantages of simple operation, high yield, environment-friendliness, lower cost, stable technology and the like.



Paragraph 0034, (2014/11/27)

The present invention provides a process for the preparation of the asenapine intermediate of Formula (III) using a magnesium-methanol-acetic acid mixture.

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