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Calcium chloride

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Name

Calcium chloride

EINECS 233-140-8
CAS No. 10043-52-4 Density 2.15 g/cm3
Solubility 740 g/L (20 °C) in water Melting Point 782 °C
Formula CaCl2 Boiling Point 1600 °C
Molecular Weight 110.98 Flash Point >1600 °C
Transport Information UN 1789 Appearance white beads or powder
Safety 26-39-24-22-36 Risk Codes 36/37/38-36-36/38-41-22
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 10043-52-4 (Calcium chloride) Hazard Symbols IrritantXi
Synonyms

Calcium chloride anhydrous;Calzina oral;Calcium chloride (CaCl2);Calcium chloride powder 95%;Intergravin-orales;Bovikalc;Calmate R;Stopit;Liquidow;Calcium(2+) chloride;Calcium dichloride;Dowflake;Calol;Replenisher (calcium);Daraccel;CalPlus;Calcosan;Cal Plus;Peladow;Calcium Chlorid;Calcium Chloride,anhydrous;calcium chloride anh;Calcium Chloride, andyrous, AR grade;

 

Calcium chloride Specification

Calcium chloride,with the CAS registry number 10043-52-4, is also named as Calcium chloride. The product's categories are Inorganics; ACS GradeSynthetic Reagents; Essential Chemicals; CalciumSerum-free Media; Companion Products and Reagents; Insect Platform; Calcium Salts; CalciumMetal and Ceramic Science; Crystal Grade Inorganics; Inorganic Salts; Salts; Synthetic Reagents; CA - CGSpectroscopy; AAS; AAS CRMsAlphabetic; AASSpectroscopy; Application CRMs; C; Matrix Selection; Nitrate; Spectroscopy; etc., and the other registry number is 139468-93-2. Besides, it is white beads or powder, which should be stored in a ventilated, dry warehouse at 2-8 °C. It is stable, but incompatible with zinc, water, strong acids, methyl vinyl ether, bromine trifluoride, boron oxide, calcium oxide. In addition, its molecular formula is CaCl2 and molecular weight is 110.98.

Physical properties about Calcium chloride are:
(1)EINECS: 233-140-8; (2)H-Bond Donor: 0; (3)H-Bond Acceptor: 2; (4)Rotatable Bond Count: 0; (5)Exact Mass: 109.900297; (6)MonoIsotopic Mass: 109.900297; (7)Topological Polar Surface Area: 0; (8)Heavy Atom Count: 3; (9)Complexity: 2.8; (10)Density: 2.15 g/cm3; (11)Melting point: 782 °C; (12)Boiling point: 1600 °C; (13)Flash Point: >1600 °C; (14)Water solubilityL: 740 g/L (20 °C); (15)Enthalpy of Vaporization: 16.15 kJ/mol; (16)Vapour Pressure: 33900 mmHg at 25 °C.

Preparation of Calcium chloride:
This chemical can be prepared by directly from limestone.
Preparation of Calcium chloride

Uses of Calcium chloride:
 this chemical can be used as desiccant to remove dissolved water. It is also applied to keep a liquid layer on the surface of the roadway, which holds dust down. Additionally, it can be used to prevent ice formation and to deice by depressing the freezing-point. And it is the source of calcium ions that is used to increase the hardness in swimming pools and to introduce bioavailable calcium for calcium carbonate shelled animals. It is used as a food additive and a firming agent used in food. It can also be used in the brewing water to correct mineral deficiencies. Furthermore, it is injected as intravenous therapy for the treatment of hypocalcaemia. And it can be used in hyperkalemia to protect the myocardium from dangerously high levels of serum potassium.

Safety information of Calcium chloride:
When you are using this chemical, please be cautious about it as the following: it is irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. It is also harmful if swallowed, and risk of serious damage to the eyes. Please do not breathe dust. In case of contact with eyes, please rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. Moreover, you should wear suitable protective clothing and eye / face protection to avoid contact with skin.

People can use the following data to convert to the molecule structure.
(1)Canonical SMILES: [Cl-].[Cl-].[Ca+2]
(2)InChI: InChI=1S/Ca.2ClH/h;2*1H/q+2;;/p-2
(3)InChIKey: UXVMQQNJUSDDNG-UHFFFAOYSA-L

The toxicity data of Calcium chloride is as follows:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
cat LDLo intravenous 249mg/kg (249mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
cat LDLo subcutaneous 249mg/kg (249mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
dog LDLo intravenous 274mg/kg (274mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
dog LDLo subcutaneous 274mg/kg (274mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
frog LDLo subcutaneous 666mg/kg (666mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
guinea pig LDLo intraarterial 300mg/kg (300mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
guinea pig LDLo intravenous 150mg/kg (150mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 210mg/kg (210mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 34(5), Pg. 51, 1990.
mouse LD50 intravenous 42mg/kg (42mg/kg)   Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 22, Pg. 150, 1972.
mouse LD50 oral 1940mg/kg (1940mg/kg)   Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 823mg/kg (823mg/kg)   Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 274mg/kg (274mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
rabbit LDLo oral 1384mg/kg (1384mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
rabbit LDLo subcutaneous 472mg/kg (472mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.
rat LD50 intramuscular 25mg/kg (25mg/kg)   Experimental Medicine and Surgery. Vol. 4, Pg. 223, 1946.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal 264mg/kg (264mg/kg)   Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.
rat LD50 oral 1gm/kg (1000mg/kg)   Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Science. Vol. 12, Pg. 216, 1948.
rat LD50 subcutaneous 2630mg/kg (2630mg/kg)   Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.
rat LDLo intravenous 161mg/kg (161mg/kg)   Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. Vol. 15, Pg. 35, 1929.
women TDLo intravenous 20mg/kg/1H-C (20mg/kg) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE" Archives of Dermatology. Vol. 124, Pg. 922, 1988.

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