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Isopentyl nitrate

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Isopentyl nitrate

CAS No. 543-87-3 Density 1.00
Solubility Melting Point <-60oC
Formula C5H11 N O3 Boiling Point 148 °C
Molecular Weight 133.17 Flash Point 49℃
Transport Information Appearance
Safety Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic vapors of NOx. Risk Codes
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 543-87-3 (1-Butanol, 3-methyl-,1-nitrate) Hazard Symbols

1-Butanol,3-methyl-, nitrate (9CI); Isopentyl alcohol, nitrate (8CI); Isopentyl nitrate(6CI,7CI); 3-Methylbutyl nitrate; Iso-Amylnitrate; Isoamyl nitrate


Isopentyl nitrate Chemical Properties

Molecular Structure:

Molecular Formula:C5H11NO3
Molecular Weight :133.1457
IUPAC Name: 3-Methylbutyl nitrate
Synonyms of Isopentyl nitrate (CAS NO.543-87-3) : 1-Butanol, 3-methyl-, nitrate ; 3-Methylbutyl nitrate ; 3-Methyl-1-butanol nitrate ; Isopentyl alcohol, nitrate
CAS NO: 543-87-3
EINECS: 208-852-7
Index of Refraction:1.418
Surface Tension: 30.4 dyne/cm
Density: 1.019 g/cm3
Flash Point: 48.9 °C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 36.88 kJ/mol
Boiling Point: 147.6 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 5.55 mmHg at 25°C

Isopentyl nitrate Uses

  Isopentyl nitrate (CAS NO.543-87-3) is used in the pharmaceutical industry.

Isopentyl nitrate Toxicity Data With Reference

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 480mg/kg (480mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) Farmaco, Edizione Scientifica. Vol. 11, Pg. 855, 1956.

Isopentyl nitrate Consensus Reports

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.

Isopentyl nitrate Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic vapors of NOx.
Safety Statements of Isopentyl nitrate (CAS NO.543-87-3): 7/9-17-36/37/39
S7/9: Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place
S17: Keep Isopentyl nitrate (CAS NO.543-87-3) away from combustible material. 
S36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
RIDADR: 1112
RTECS: NT0187000
HazardClass: 3.1
PackingGroup: III

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