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Sodium perchlorate

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Sodium perchlorate

EINECS 231-511-9
CAS No. 7601-89-0 Density 2,2 g/cm3
Solubility 209 g/100 mL (15 °C) in water; highly soluble in alcohol Melting Point 482 °C
Formula NaClO4 Boiling Point
Molecular Weight 122.44 Flash Point 400oC
Transport Information UN 1502 5.1/PG 2 Appearance White crystalline solid
Safety 13-22-27 Risk Codes 9-22
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 7601-89-0 (Perchloric acid, sodiumsalt (1:1)) Hazard Symbols OxidizingO, HarmfulXn
Synonyms

Perchloricacid, sodium salt (8CI,9CI);CL 500;CL 510;CPL 46;Irenat;MP 100;MP 100(perchlorate);Sodium perchlorate;

 

Sodium perchlorate History

Reactivity Profile: Sodium perchlorate is a strong oxidizing agent. Explosively decomposed at over 130°C [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. A mixture with powdered magnesium is a friction-sensitive mixture [Safety Eng. Reports 1947]. A mixture with ammonium nitrate is used as an explosive [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:608 1956]. A 1:1 mixture of the perchlorate and hydrazine exploded upon grinding, [Chem. Abs., 1969, 70, 53524].

Sodium perchlorate Consensus Reports

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.

Sodium perchlorate Standards and Recommendations

DOT Classification:  5.1; Label: Oxidizer

Sodium perchlorate Specification

The Sodium perchlorate is the inorganic compound with the formula NaClO4. It is a white crystalline, hygroscopic solid that is highly soluble in water and in alcohol. It belongs to the product categories of Inorganics; ACS GradeSynthetic Reagents; Essential Chemicals; Oxidation; Perchlorates; Routine Reagents. Its EINECS registry number is 231-511-9. With the CAS registry number 7601-89-0, its IUPAC name is sodium perchlorate.

Physical properties of Sodium perchlorate: (1)H-Bond Donor: 0; (2)H-Bond Acceptor: 4; (3)Rotatable Bond Count: 0; (4)Exact Mass: 121.938281; (5)MonoIsotopic Mass: 121.938281; (6)Topological Polar Surface Area: 74.3; (7)Heavy Atom Count: 6; (8)Formal Charge: 0; (9)Complexity: 118; (10)Isotope Atom Count: 0; (11)Defined Atom StereoCenter Count: 0; (12)Undefined Atom StereoCenter Count: 0; (13)Defined Bond StereoCenter Count: 0; (14)Undefined Bond StereoCenter Count: 0; (15)Covalently-Bonded Unit Count: 2.

Preparation: Sodium perchlorate is produced by anodic oxidation of sodium chlorate, not sodium chloride, at a platinum electrode.

NaClO3 + H2O → NaClO4 + H2

Uses of Sodium perchlorate: (1)Perchloric acid is made by treating NaClO4 with HCl; (2)NaClO4 finds only minimal use in pyrotechnics because it is hygroscopic; ammonium and potassium perchlorates are preferred. (3)NaClO4 has a variety of uses in the laboratory, often as a nonreactive electrolyte. For example, it is used in standard DNA extraction and hybridization reactions in molecular biology.

When you are using this chemical, please be cautious about it as the following:
This chemical reacts exothermically with other chemicals. It may cause damage to health. In addition, it is explosive when mixed with combustible material. Secondly, it is harmful if swallowed. You should keep it away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs. After contacted it, you must take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

You can still convert the following datas into molecular structure:
(1)Canonical SMILES: [O-]Cl(=O)(=O)=O.[Na+]
(2)InChI: InChI=1S/ClHO4.Na/c2-1(3,4)5;/h(H,2,3,4,5);/q;+1/p-1
(3)InChIKey: BAZAXWOYCMUHIX-UHFFFAOYSA-M

The toxicity data is as follows:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 551mg/kg (551mg/kg)   Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances, Academie des Sciences. Vol. 257, Pg. 791, 1963.
rat LD50 oral 2100mg/kg (2100mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 17(8), Pg. 33, 1973.
rat LDLo parenteral 900mg/kg (900mg/kg)   Russian Pharmacology and Toxicology Vol. 32, Pg. 159, 1969.

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