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Bismuth

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Name

Bismuth

EINECS 231-177-4
CAS No. 7440-69-9 Density 9.8 g/cm3
Solubility insoluble in water Melting Point 271 °C(lit.)
Formula Bi Boiling Point 1560 °C
Molecular Weight 208.98 Flash Point
Transport Information UN 3264 8/PG 3 Appearance silver-grey or reddish metal, or black powder
Safety 16-45-36/37/39-26 Risk Codes 34-11
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 7440-69-9 (Bismuth) Hazard Symbols FlammableF,CorrosiveC
Synonyms

Bismuthelement;Bismuth-209;

 

Bismuth Consensus Reports

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.

Bismuth Specification

The Bismuth, with the cas registry number 7440-69-9, is a kind of silver white or tiny red metal. This chemical is soluble in hot sulfuric acid, nutirc acid and aqua regia while insoluble in water. Besides, being stable chemically, it is incompatible with strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, nitrosyl fluoride, fused ammonium nitrate, interhalogen compounds, chlorine. This chemical could be produced from using zone melting method to refine bismuth metal.

Its product categories are including Industrial/Fine Chemicals; Inorganics; FUNGICIDE; Bismuth; Metal and Ceramic Science; Metals; BismuthMetal and Ceramic Science; Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry; Chemical Synthesis; AAS; AAS CRMsAlphabetic; AASSpectroscopy; Application CRMs; B; BI - BZSpectroscopy; Matrix Selection; Nitrate; Spectroscopy.

The characteristics of this chemical are as follows: (1)#H bond acceptors: 0;  (2)#H bond donors: 0;  (3)#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0;  (4)Polar Surface Area: 0; (5)Exact Mass: 208.980383; (6)MonoIsotopic Mass: 208.980383; (7)Heavy Atom Count: 1; (8)Covalently-Bonded Unit Count: 1; (9)Melting point: 271 °C; (10)Boiling Point: 1560 °C; (11)Density: 9.8 g/mL at 25 °C; (12)Vapor Pressure: <0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C).

As to its usage, it is widely applied in many ways. It could be used in the preparation of semiconductor high purity material, high purity bismuth chemical and also as the cooling agent in the atomic reactor; It could also be used as the analysis reagent. 

When you are using this chemical, you should be very cautious. For one thing, it is corrosive which may destroy living tissue on contact. For another thing, it is highly flammable which may catch fire in contact with air, only needing brief contact with an ignition source, and it has a very low flash point or evolve highly flammable gases in contact with water.

Due to so many dangers above, you should take the different measures to deal with different cases. Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. And if in case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice, and if in case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). Besides, keep it away from sources of ignition - No smoking.

Additionally, you could convert the following datas into the molecular structure:
(1)Canonical SMILES: [Bi]
(2)InChI: InChI=1S/Bi
(3)InChIKey: JCXGWMGPZLAOME-UHFFFAOYSA-N 

Below are the toxicity information of this chemical:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
man LDLo unreported 221mg/kg (221mg/kg)   "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.
mouse LD50 oral 10gm/kg (10000mg/kg)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 30(6), Pg. 16, 1986.
rabbit LDLo unreported 535mg/kg (535mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: FOOD INTAKE (ANIMAL)

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME DECREASED

BEHAVIORAL: COMA
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 28, Pg. 121, 1926.
rat LD50 oral 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 30(6), Pg. 16, 1986.

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