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Glucose

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Glucose

EINECS 200-075-1
CAS No. 50-99-7 Density 1.581 g/cm3
Solubility Soluble in water Melting Point 150-152 °C(lit.)
Formula C6H12O6 Boiling Point 527.112 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Weight 180.16 Flash Point 286.664 °C
Transport Information Appearance White crystalline powder
Safety 26-36/37-24/25-53-25 Risk Codes 36/37/38-63-62-46-36/38-21
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 50-99-7 (D(+)-Glucose) Hazard Symbols HarmfulXn, IrritantXi
Synonyms

(+)-Glucose;Glucose;C*Dry GL 01934;CPC hydrate;Cartose;Cerelose;Cerelose2001;Clearsweet 95;Clintose L;Corn sugar;Dextropur;Dextrose;Dextrosol;Glucodin;Glucolin;D-Glucose;Glucosteril;Goldsugar;Grape sugar;Hi-Mesh;Maxim Energy Gel;Meritose;Meritose 200;Roclys C 30725;Roferose ST;Staleydex 111;Staleydex 130;Staleydex 333;Staleydex 95M;Sugar, grape;Tabfine 097(HS);Tackidex 30L75;Vadex;Dextrose Anhydrous Food Grade;Glucose anhydrouse;

 

Glucose Standards and Recommendations

 USP26, USP28 / BP2000, BP2003

Glucose Specification

Glucose, its cas register number is 50-99-7. It also can be called Anhydrous dextrose; Blood sugar; Cartose; Cerelose; D-(+)-Glucose. Glucose is a simple monosaccharide found in plants. Glucose exists in several different molecular structures, but all of these structures can be divided into two families of mirror-images.

Physical properties about Glucose are: (1)ACD/LogP: -3.29; (2)# of Rule of 5 Violations: 1; (3)ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -3.29; (4)ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -3.29; (5)ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00 ; (6)ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00; (7)ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00 ; (8)ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00; (9)#H bond acceptors: 6; (10)#H bond donors: 5; (11)#Freely Rotating Bonds: 10; (12)Index of Refraction: 1.573; (13)Molar Refractivity: 37.542 cm3; (14)Molar Volume: 113.931 cm3; (15)Polarizability: 14.883 10-24cm3; (16)Surface Tension: 92.0839996337891 dyne/cm; (17)Density: 1.581 g/cm3; (18)Flash Point: 286.664 °C; (19)Enthalpy of Vaporization: 92.224 kJ/mol; (20)Boiling Point: 527.112 °C at 760 mmHg

Preparation of Glucose: In plants and some prokaryotes, glucose is a product of photosynthesis. In animals and fungi, glucose results from the breakdown of glycogen, a process known as glycogenolysis. Glucose is produced commercially via the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch.

Uses of Glucose: Glucose is critical in the production of proteins and in lipid metabolism. In plants and most animals, it is also a precursor for vitamin C (ascorbic acid) production. It is modified for use in these processes by the glycolysis pathway. It is also used as a precursor for the synthesis of several important substances. In industry, Glucose is used as a precursor to make vitamin C in the Reichstein process, to make citric acid, gluconic acid, bio-ethanol, polylactic acid, sorbitol.

When you are using this chemical, please be cautious about it as the following:
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice;
1. Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves;
2. Avoid contact with skin and eyes;
3. Avoid exposure - obtain special instruction before use;
4. Avoid contact with eyes;

You can still convert the following datas into molecular structure:
(1)InChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h1,3-6,8-12H,2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6+/m0/s1;
(2)InChIKey=GZCGUPFRVQAUEE-SLPGGIOYSA-N;
(3)SmilesOC[C@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](C=O)O)O)O)O;

The toxiciy data is as follows:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
dog LDLo oral 8gm/kg (8000mg/kg)   "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 1, Pg. 150, 1955.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 18gm/kg (18000mg/kg)   Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 35, Pg. 98, 1936.
mouse LD50 intravenous 9gm/kg (9000mg/kg)   Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 18, Pg. 666, 1968.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 12gm/kg (12000mg/kg)   "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 1, Pg. 150, 1955.
rabbit LDLo oral 20gm/kg (20000mg/kg)   "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 1, Pg. 150, 1955.
rat LD50 oral 25800mg/kg (25800mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"

BEHAVIORAL: COMA

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS
"Toxicity of Pure Foods," Boyd, E.M., Cleveland, OH, CRC Press, 1973Vol. -, Pg. 39, 1973.

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