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Base Information Edit
  • Chemical Name:2-Piperidone
  • CAS No.:75-20-7
  • Molecular Formula:CaC2
  • Molecular Weight:64.1
  • Hs Code.:28491000
  • European Community (EC) Number:211-622-9
  • ICSC Number:0406
  • NSC Number:18894,2305
  • UN Number:1402
  • DSSTox Substance ID:DTXSID1060976
  • Nikkaji Number:J7.090D
  • Wikipedia:2-Piperidinone,Calcium carbide
  • Wikidata:Q4596918
  • Metabolomics Workbench ID:41518
  • Mol file:75-20-7.mol


Suppliers and Price of 2-Piperidone
Supply Marketing:Edit
Business phase:
The product has achieved commercial mass production*data from LookChem market partment
Manufacturers and distributors:
  • Manufacture/Brand
  • Chemicals and raw materials
  • Packaging
  • price
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Calcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric)
  • 1kg-f
  • $ 105.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Calcium carbide pieces, thickness <10 mm , typically, technical grade, ~80%
  • 2kg
  • $ 99.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Calcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric)
  • 100g-f
  • $ 53.60
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Calcium carbide pieces, thickness <10 mm , typically, technical grade, ~80%
  • 500g
  • $ 47.80
  • American Custom Chemicals Corporation
  • 1KG
  • $ 6700.45
  • Alfa Aesar
  • Calcium carbide
  • *5x1kg
  • $ 217.00
  • Alfa Aesar
  • Calcium carbide
  • 1kg
  • $ 51.40
Total 221 raw suppliers
Chemical Property of 2-Piperidone Edit
Chemical Property:
  • Appearance/Colour:grey or black solid with a garlic-like odour 
  • Melting Point:447 °C 
  • Boiling Point:2300 °C 
  • PSA:0.00000 
  • Density:2.22 g/cm3 
  • LogP:0.16260 
  • Storage Temp.:water-free area 
  • Sensitive.:Moisture Sensitive 
  • Water Solubility.:hydrolyses 
  • XLogP3:-0.5
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:1
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:1
  • Rotatable Bond Count:0
  • Exact Mass:99.068413911
  • Heavy Atom Count:7
  • Complexity:80.1
  • Transport DOT Label:Dangerous When Wet

99% *data from raw suppliers

Calcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric) *data from reagent suppliers

Safty Information:
  • Pictogram(s): Flammable
  • Hazard Codes:
  • Statements: 15-41-37/38 
  • Safety Statements: 8-43-43A-39-26 
MSDS Files:

SDS file from LookChem

Total 1 MSDS from other Authors

  • Chemical Classes:Plastics & Rubber -> Other Monomers
  • Canonical SMILES:C1CCNC(=O)C1
  • Inhalation Risk:A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed.
  • Effects of Short Term Exposure:The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation may cause lung oedema, but only after initial corrosive effects on eyes and/or airways have become manifest.
  • Description Calcium carbide (molecule formula: CaC2), is a kind of important chemical raw materials produced from the chemical processing of limestone. In 1892, H. Maysan (French) and H. Wilson (United state) simultaneously developed a calcium carbide production approach based on furnace Reduction. The United State had successfully achieved industrial production in 1895. The property of calcium carbide is related to its purity. Its industrial product is mostly the mixture of calcium carbide and calcium oxide, and also contains trace amounts of sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen and other impurities. With the increasing content of impurities, it color exhibits gray, brown to black. The melting point and electrical conductivity both decrease with the decrease of the purity. The purity of its industrial product is usually 80% with m.p. being 1800~2000 °C. At room temperature, it does not react with air, but it can have oxidation reaction at above 350 ℃, and have reaction with nitrogen at 600~700 ℃ to generate calcium cyanamide. Calcium carbide, when coming across with water or steam, generates acetylene and release a large amount of heating. CaC2 + 2H2O─ → C2H2 + Ca (OH) 2 + 125185.32J, 1kg of pure calcium carbide can produce 366 L of acetylene 366l (15 ℃, 0.1MPa). Thereby, for its storage: calcium carbide should be strictly kept away from water. It is usually packed in a sealed iron container, and sometimes stored in a dry warehouse being filled with nitrogen if necessary. Calcium carbide,is a binary salt. It is a grayish-black hard solid that reacts with water to produce acetylene gas, a solid corrosive that is calcium hydroxide, and release heat. Acetylene gas is manufactured by reacting calcium carbide with water. Because acetylene is so unstable, it is not shipped in bulk quantities. Calcium carbide is shipped to acetylene-generating plants where it is reacted with water in a controlled reaction. After the reaction process, the acetylene gas is placed into specially designed containers with a honeycombed mesh inside for shipment and use. It is dissolved in acetone for stability. Calcium carbide has a specific gravity of 2.22, which is heavier than water. The four-digit UN identification number for calcium carbide is 1402. The NFPA 704 designation is health 3, flammability 3, and reactivity 2. The white section at the bottom of the diamond contains a W with a slash through it, indicating water reactivity. It is shipped in metal cans, drums, and specially designed covered bins on railcars and trucks. When shipped and stored, it should be kept in a cool, dry place. Primary uses are in the generation of acetylene gas for welding, vinyl acetate monomer, and as a reducing agent.
  • Uses ▼ ▲ Industry Applications Benefit Chemical manufacture Production of acetylene gas Raw materials,CaC2 + 2 H2O → C2H2 + Ca(OH)2 Production of calcium cyanamide Raw materials, CaC2 + N2 → CaCN2 + C Production of various acetylene derivatives Source of acetylene gas Production of calcium hydroxide Raw materials, CaC2 + 2 H2O → C2H2 + Ca(OH)2 Steel production The desulfurisation of iron (pig iron, cast iron and steel) Desulfurization agent As a fuel in steelmaking Extend the scrap ratio to liquid iron Ladle?treatment facilities A powerful deoxidizer Mining, automobiles and street lighting Carbide lamps React with water to make acetylene gas, which can burn to glow Fruit Artificial ripening fruit Source of acetylene gas Signal flares Floating, self-igniting naval signal flares Used together with calcium phosphide Cylinder gas Metal fabrication and construction Source of acetylene gas Experiment teaching Teaching reagent Experiment reagent Calcium carbide (CaC2) has a garlic-like odor and reacts with water to form acetylene gas plus calcium hydroxide and heat. In the past, it was used in miners’ lamps to continuously produce a small acetylene flame to provide some illumination in coal mines. Calcium carbide is used as a desulfurizer, dehydrant of steel, fuel in steel making, powerful deoxidizer and as a source of acetylene gas. It is used as a starting material for the preparation of calcium cyanamide, ethylene, chloroprene rubber, acetic acid, dicyandiamide and cyanide acetate. It is used in carbide lamps, toy cannons such as the big-bang cannon and bamboo cannon. It is associated with calcium phosphide and used in floating, self-igniting naval signal flares. Further, it is involved in the reduction of copper sulfide to metallic copper. Calcium carbide is the most relevant carbide industrially because of its important role as the basis of acetylene industry. In locations where there is shortage of petroleum, Calcium Carbide is used as the starting material for the production of acetylene (1 kg of carbide yields ~300 liters acetylene), which, in turn, can be used as a building block for a range of organic chemicals (e.g. vinyl acetate, acetaldehyde and acetic acid). In some locations, acetylene is also used to produce vinyl chloride, the raw material for the production of PVC. A less important use of Calcium Carbide is related to the ferilizers industry. It reacts with nitrogen to form calcium cyanamide, which is the starting material for the production of cyanamide (CH2N2). Cyanamide is a common agricultural product used to stimulate early foliation. Calcium Carbide can also be employed as desulfurizing agent for producing low-sulfur carbon steel. Also, it is used as a reducing agent to produce metals from their salts, e.g., for direct reduction of copper sulfide to metallic copper.
  • Production method Electric furnace reduction method is the only method for industrial production of calcium carbide at present. Put calcium oxide and coke for reduction reaction at 2000~2200 ℃: CaO + 3C─ → CaC2 + CO-480644.64J, the resulting molten calcium carbide flow into the receiver tank from the bottom of the reactor, and we obtain the final product after cooling. Calcium carbide production belongs to high temperature operation with relative large amount dust being produced and consuming a large amount of electrical energy. In 1980s, the production of per ton of calcium carbide consumes industrial power of about 10~11GJ. In order to reduce the power consumption, people mostly apply large-scale and closed calcium carbide furnace to reduce heat loss and also do good to the recycling of carbon monoxide.
  • Physical properties Grayish-black orthorhombic crystal; density 2.22 g/cm3; melts at 2,200°C; reacts with water.
Technology Process of 2-Piperidone

There total 68 articles about 2-Piperidone which guide to synthetic route it. The literature collected by LookChem mainly comes from the sharing of users and the free literature resources found by Internet computing technology. We keep the original model of the professional version of literature to make it easier and faster for users to retrieve and use. At the same time, we analyze and calculate the most feasible synthesis route with the highest yield for your reference as below:

synthetic route:

Reference yield: 97.0%

Guidance literature:
With biochars (apricot shell, willow or pine wood etc.); In neat (no solvent); reaction at 1650-1750 °C; detd. by XRD; Kinetics;
Guidance literature:
With sodium; In neat (no solvent); mixture of CaCl2, retort carbon and metallic Na in Fe crucible; 0.5 h at light red heat;;
Guidance literature:
In neat (no solvent); 900-1100°C;; product mixture;;
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