Inhalation of vapor produces severe corrosive effect on mucous membrane. Ingestion causes severe burns of mouth and stomach. Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns of eyes and skin.
Hexafluorosilicic acid can react with strong acids (such as sulfuric acid) to release fumes of toxic hydrogen fluoride. Attacks glass and materials containing silica. Reacts exothermically with chemical bases (examples: amines, amides, inorganic hydroxides). Reacts with active metals, including iron and aluminum to dissolve the metal and liberate hydrogen and/or toxic gases. Can initiate polymerization in certain alkenes. Reacts with cyanide salts and compounds to release gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases are also often generated by reactions with dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, nitriles, sulfides, and weak or strong reducing agents. Additional gas-generating reactions may occur with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), and carbonates. Can catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions. Decomposes when heated to the boiling point to produce very toxic and corrosive hydrogen fluoride gas.
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating fumes of hydrogen fluoride may form in fire.
A 1-2% solution is used widely for sterilizing equipment in brewing and bottling establishments. Other concentrations are used in the electrolytic refining of lead, in electroplating, for hardening cement, crumbling lime or brick work, for the removal of lime from hides during the tanning process, to remove molds, as preservative for timber.
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Sarawade, Pradip B., et al. "Recovery of high surface area mesoporous silica from waste hexafluorosilicic acid (H 2 SiF 6) of fertilizer industry." Journal of hazardous materials 173.1 (2010): 576-580.
Kauffman, Joel M. "Water fluoridation: a review of recent research and actions." Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons 10.2 (2005): 38.
Krot, V. V., et al. "ChemInform Abstract: Preparation of Amorphous Silicon Dioxide from Hexafluorosilicic Acid." Cheminform 23.48(1992):no-no.
Zorya, L., and V. Krot. "Method of high-purity silica production from hexafluorosilicic acid." Reaction Kinetics & Catalysis Letters 50.1-2(1993):349-354.
A colorless fuming liquid with a penetrating pungent odor. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Both the fumes and very short contact with the liquid can cause severe and painful burns. Used in water fluoridation, in hardening cement and ceramics, as a wood preservative.
Fluosilicic acid,H2SiF6, also known as hydrofluorosilicic acid,is a colorless liquid that is soluble in water. It is highly corrosive and toxic,attacking glass and stoneware. Fluosilicic acid is used in water fluoridation, electroplating, and in manufacturing enamels and cement.
Air & Water Reactions
Fumes in air. Soluble in water with release of heat and corrosive fumes.
Hexafluorosilicic acid is a kind of inorganic acid. It is majorly used for the fluoridation of water in United State to minimize the incidence of dental caries and dental fluorosis. For chemical synthesis, it is majorly used for the manufacturing of aluminum fluoride and cryolite as well as many kinds of hexafluorosilicate salts. It can also be used for the production of silicon and silicon dioxide. It can also be used as an electrolyte in the Betts electrolytic process for refining lead. It is also a specialized reagent in organic synthesis for cleaving Si–O bonds of silyl ethers.