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Formic Acid

Base Information Edit
  • Chemical Name:Formic Acid
  • CAS No.:64-18-6
  • Deprecated CAS:8006-93-7,82069-14-5,1016316-60-1,67382-92-7,1016316-60-1,67382-92-7,82069-14-5
  • Molecular Formula:CH2O2
  • Molecular Weight:46.0257
  • Hs Code.:2915.11
  • European Community (EC) Number:200-579-1,213-599-0
  • ICSC Number:0485
  • UN Number:1779
  • UNII:0YIW783RG1
  • DSSTox Substance ID:DTXSID2024115
  • Nikkaji Number:J1.402H
  • Wikipedia:Formic acid
  • Wikidata:Q161233,Q27110013
  • NCI Thesaurus Code:C83719
  • RXCUI:4537
  • Metabolomics Workbench ID:37099
  • ChEMBL ID:CHEMBL116736
  • Mol file:64-18-6.mol
Formic Acid

Synonyms:aluminum formate;ammonium formate;ammonium tetraformate;calcium formate;chromic formate;cobalt(II) formate dihydrate;cobaltous formate;cupric formate;formate;formic acid;formic acid, 14C-labeled;formic acid, aluminum salt;formic acid, ammonium (2:1) salt;formic acid, ammonium (4:1) salt;formic acid, ammonium salt;formic acid, cadmium salt;formic acid, calcium salt;formic acid, cesium salt;formic acid, cobalt (+2) salt;formic acid, copper (+2) salt;formic acid, copper salt;formic acid, copper, ammonium salt;formic acid, copper, nickel salt;formic acid, cromium (+3) salt;formic acid, cromium (+3), sodium (4:1:1) salt;formic acid, lead (+2) salt;formic acid, lead salt;formic acid, lithium salt;formic acid, magnesium salt;formic acid, nickel (+2) salt;formic acid, nickel salt;formic acid, potassium salt;formic acid, rubidium salt;formic acid, sodium salt;formic acid, sodium salt, 13C-labeled;formic acid, sodium salt, 14C-labeled;formic acid, strontium salt;formic acid, thallium (+1) salt;formic acid, zinc salt;lead formate;lithium formate;magnesium formate;methanoic acid;nickel formate;nickel formate dihydrate;potassium formate;sodium formate;strontium formate;zinc formate

Suppliers and Price of Formic Acid
Supply Marketing:Edit
Business phase:
The product has achieved commercial mass production*data from LookChem market partment
Manufacturers and distributors:
  • Manufacture/Brand
  • Chemicals and raw materials
  • Packaging
  • price
Total 133 raw suppliers
Chemical Property of Formic Acid Edit
Chemical Property:
  • Appearance/Colour:colorless liquid with a pungent odor 
  • Melting Point:8 °C 
  • Refractive Index:n20/D 1.377  
  • Boiling Point:100.56 °C at 760 mmHg 
  • Flash Point:29.888 °C 
  • PSA:37.30000 
  • Density:1.155 g/cm3 
  • LogP:0.33670 
  • Water Solubility.:MISCIBLE 
  • XLogP3:-0.2
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:1
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:2
  • Rotatable Bond Count:0
  • Exact Mass:46.005479302
  • Heavy Atom Count:3
  • Complexity:10.3
  • Transport DOT Label:Corrosive Flammable Liquid

85%, *data from raw suppliers

Safty Information:
  • Pictogram(s): ToxicT, CorrosiveC, IrritantXi 
  • Hazard Codes: C:Corrosive;
  • Statements: R35:; 
  • Safety Statements: S23:; S26:; S45:; 
MSDS Files:

SDS file from LookChem

  • Chemical Classes:Other Classes -> Organic Acids
  • Canonical SMILES:C(=O)O
  • Inhalation Risk:A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20 °C.
  • Effects of Short Term Exposure:The substance is very corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema. The substance may cause effects on the energy metabolism. This may result in acidosis.
Technology Process of Formic Acid

There total 3339 articles about Formic Acid which guide to synthetic route it. The literature collected by LookChem mainly comes from the sharing of users and the free literature resources found by Internet computing technology. We keep the original model of the professional version of literature to make it easier and faster for users to retrieve and use. At the same time, we analyze and calculate the most feasible synthesis route with the highest yield for your reference as below:

synthetic route:
Guidance literature:
With acetate buffer; potassium chloride; water; at 25 ℃; Rate constant; var. anions as catalysts;
Guidance literature:
With hydrogenchloride; In ethanol; water; Heating; acid hydrolysis; other reagent: conc. H2SO4/glacial acetic acid, multistep reaction;
Guidance literature:
With hydrogenchloride; In ethanol; water; Heating; acid hydrolysis; other reagent: conc. H2SO4/glacial acetic acid, multistep reaction;
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