Krifka, S, et al. "A review of adaptive mechanisms in cell responses towards oxidative stress caused by dental resin monomers. " Biomaterials 34.19(2013):4555-4563.
Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate is used as a cross-linking agent in the synthesis of poly (methacrylic acid-g-ethylene glycol) hydrogels which shows large changes in swelling due to changes in pH, temperature and solvent composition. They are also used as divinylic methacrylic monomers which are widely used to form copolymers with divinylbenzene (DVB) and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) or hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) comonomers. As a monomer, it is typically used in dental resin materials that can cause specific stress responses in eukaryotic cells. It commonly used to aesthetically restore the structure and function of teeth impaired by caries, erosion, or fracture.
It is cytotoxic via apoptosis, induce genotoxic effects, and delay the cell cycle. It also influences the response of cells of the innate immune system, inhibit specific odontoblast cell functions, or delay the odontogenic differentiation and mineralization processes in pulp-derived cells including stem cells. It is also used as a diluent co-monomer in dimethacrylate based dental composites as well as being used as a branching agent in the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene.
Esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, more commonly known as acrylates and methacrylates are key raw materials in the coatings and printing industry, and in food packaging.