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Amadis Chemical offer CAS#94-36-0;CAT#A844933
Cas No: 94-36-0
No Data 10 Milligram Amadis Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
benzoylbenzenecarboperoxoate 94-36-0
Cas No: 94-36-0
No Data No Data No Data Hunan Russell Chemicals Technology Co.,Ltd Contact Supplier
Benzoyl peroxide-Low Price High Quality
Cas No: 94-36-0
No Data 1 Metric Ton 5 Metric Ton/Day Nantong Leadchem Industry Co.,Ltd Contact Supplier
China Diluted Benzoyl peroxide, 98%, wetted with ca. 25% H2O
Cas No: 94-36-0
No Data 1 Metric Ton Metric Ton/Day Weifang Arylchem Chemical Co., LTD Contact Supplier
Benzoyl peroxide
Cas No: 94-36-0
No Data No Data No Data Pure Chemistry Scientific Inc. Contact Supplier

94-36-0 Usage

Uses

vitamin B complex

General Description

White, odorless powder, moderately toxic.

Uses

Source of free radicals for industrial processes. Oxidizing agent in bleaching oils, flour, etc.; catalyst in the plastics industry; initiator in polymerization.

Mode of action

Benzoyl peroxide is lipophilic that can penetrate the stratum corneum and enter the pilosebaceous follicle. It is rapidly broken down to benzoic acid and hydrogen peroxide and generates free radicals that oxidise proteins in bacterial cell membranes, exerting a bactericidal action. In addition, it has shown that benzoyl peroxide can reduce the free fatty acid content of sebum, which provides a useful marker for bacterial activity. Benzoyl peroxide has an anti-inflammatory action and vitro studies suggest that this action arises from its ability to kill polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN cells) in the pilosebaceous follicles and so prevent their release of reactive oxygen species such as peroxides which enhance tissue inflammation. Involving equation about this process:
C6H5C(O)O-OC(O)C6H5 + H2O 2 C6H5COOH + ½ O2
Moreover, due to its irritant effect, benzoyl peroxide increases turnover rate of epithelial cells, thereby peeling the skin and promoting the resolution of comedones.

Side effects as Acne Treatment

Skin reactions such as peeling, itching, irritation, and reddened skin may occur, especially at the start of treatment. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. This medicine may be harmful if swallowed.

Uses

Benzoyl Peroxide is a widely used organic compound of the peroxide family. Benzoyl Peroxide is often used in acne treatments , bleaching and polymerizing polyester and many other uses.

Benzoyl peroxide and Pregnancy

There are no studies looking at women who use topical benzoyl peroxide during pregnancy. When benzoyl peroxide is applied topically, only 5% is absorbed through the skin, and then it is completely metabolized to benzoic acid within the skin and excreted unchanged in the urine. It is not likely to increase risk for birth defects or cause problems for the baby. However, systemic effects on a pregnant woman and her child would not be expected and therefore use of this product during pregnancy would not be of concern.

Brand name

Acne-Aid Cream (Stiefel); Benoxyl (Stiefel); Benzac (Galderma); Benzac W (Galderma); Brevoxyl (Stiefel); Clear By Design (SmithKline Beecham); Dry and Clear (Whitehall-Robins); Epi-Clear (Bristol-Myers Squibb); Fostex BPO Bar, Gel, and Wash (Bristol-Myers Products); Loroxide (Dermik); PanOxyl (Stiefel); Persa-Gel (Ortho Pharmaceutical); Vanoxide (Dermik).

References

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a601026.html
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/benzoyl_peroxide#section=Drug-and-Medication-Information
http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/benzoyl-peroxide/benzoylh.htm
https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-1344/benzoyl-peroxide-topical/details
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/benzoyl_peroxide#section=Top
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3114665/
https://mothertobaby.org/fact-sheets/topical-acne-treatments-pregnancy/pdf/

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Other Uses


Benzoyl peroxide is used as a bleaching agent for certain foods, an oxidizing agent, a polymerizing initiator in the manufacture of plastics, a curing agent for silicone rubber, and an ingredient in various industrial processes.
Benzoyl peroxide, like most peroxides, is a powerful bleaching agent. It has a long history of use in the food industry as a bleaching agent added for flour, whey, and milk for cheese making. Contact with fabrics or hair can cause permanent color dampening almost immediately. Even secondary contact can cause bleaching.
Benzoyl peroxide is widely used as a catalyst in the polymerisation of molecules like styrene (phenylethene) to form polystyrene, which used to make many things from drinking cups to packaging material.

Contact allergens

Benzoyl peroxide is an oxidizing agent widely employed in acne topical therapy. It is also used as a polymerization catalyst of dental or industrial plastics and as a decolorizing agent of flours, oils, fats, and waxes. Irritant or allergic dermatitis may affect workers in the electronics and plastics (epoxy resins and catalysts) industries, electricians, ceramic workers, dentists and dental technicians, laboratory technicians, bakers, and acne patients. As it was contained in candles, it also induced contact dermatitis in a sacristan. Patch tests may be irritant.

Acne vulgaris

Although the precise cause of acne is unclear, it appears to be associated with at least four factors: increased sebum production, follicular keratinisation, bacterial colonisation and inflammation.
Study suggests the prevalent bacterium implicated in the clinical course of acne is Propionibacterium acnes (P acnes), a gram-positive anaerobe that normally inhabits the skin and is implicated in the inflammatory phase of acne.
Benzoyl peroxide is mainly indicated in the treatment of mild to moderate acne and is often prescribed in conjunction with oral antibiotics (erythromycin or clindamycin) in the treatment of moderate to severe acne.

Chemical Properties

white powder or crystals

Active Ingredients for Acne Medications

Benzoyl peroxide used in 2.5, 5, and 10 percent concentrations, depending on the acne severity. Usually these are in a gel spreading agent, but they can also be in a cream base or a drying paste. Benzoyl peroxide is a keratolytic, which means “keratin-dissolving” and works by loosening dead cells stuck in the follicles. It also releases oxygen in the follicle. Because acne bacteria are anaerobic, they cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. Benzoyl peroxide essentially works both as an interfollicular exfoliant and as an antibacterial.

Purification Methods

Dissolve benzoyl peroxide in CHCl3 at room temperature and precipitate it by adding an equal volume of MeOH or pet ether. Similarly it is precipitated from acetone by adding two volumes of distilled water. It has also been crystallised from 50% MeOH and from diethyl ether. Dry it under vacuum at room temperature for 24hours. Store it in a desiccator in the dark at 0o. When purifying in the absence of water it can be EXPLOSIVE, and operations should be done on a very small scale with adequate protection. Large amounts should be kept moist with water and stored in a refrigerator. [Kim et al. J Org Chem 52 3691 1987, Beilstein 9 IV 777.]
InChI:InChI=1/C14H10O4/c15-13(11-7-3-1-4-8-11)17-18-14(16)12-9-5-2-6-10-12/h1-10H

94-36-0 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Aldrich (513466)  Luperox®ATC50,Benzoylperoxide  ~50 wt. % in tricresyl phosphate 94-36-0 513466-500ML 981.63CNY Detail
Aldrich (517909)  Luperox®A75,Benzoylperoxide  75%, remainder water 94-36-0 517909-500G 1,244.88CNY Detail
Aldrich (517909)  Luperox®A75,Benzoylperoxide  75%, remainder water 94-36-0 517909-100G 360.36CNY Detail
Aldrich (517909)  Luperox®A75,Benzoylperoxide  75%, remainder water 94-36-0 517909-5G 300.69CNY Detail
Aldrich (632651)  Luperox®A70S,Benzoylperoxide  70%, remainder water 94-36-0 632651-500G 1,444.95CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (L13174)  Benzoyl peroxide, 97% (dry wt.), wet with 25% water    94-36-0 1000g 979.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (L13174)  Benzoyl peroxide, 97% (dry wt.), wet with 25% water    94-36-0 250g 328.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (L13174)  Benzoyl peroxide, 97% (dry wt.), wet with 25% water    94-36-0 50g 157.0CNY Detail
TCI America (B3152)  Benzoyl Peroxide (wetted with ca. 25% Water)  >75.0%(T) 94-36-0 25g 80.00CNY Detail

94-36-0SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Benzoyl peroxide

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names benzoyl benzenecarboperoxoate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food Additives: BLEACHING_AGENT; FLOUR_TREATMENT_AGENT
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:94-36-0 SDS

94-36-0Synthetic route

benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Eosin Y; triphenylphosphine In ethanol at 20℃; Irradiation;95%
With dihydrogen peroxide; dicyclohexyl-carbodiimide In diethyl ether; dichloromethane at 0℃; for 2h; Mechanism;90%
With dihydrogen peroxide; dicyclohexyl-carbodiimide In diethyl ether; dichloromethane at 0 - 2℃;90%
benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide; dihydrogen peroxide In 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane at 0 - 5℃;93%
With 1,2-ethanediol, dibenzoate; dihydrogen peroxide; sodium 4-dodecylbenzenesulfonate; sodium hydroxide In 2-Methylpentane; water at 20℃; for 0.5h; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent; Temperature;84.7%
With dihydrogen peroxide; sodium carbonate
Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

A

benzoic acid phenyl ester
93-99-2

benzoic acid phenyl ester

B

biphenyl
92-52-4

biphenyl

C

benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

D

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

E

product X 4percent,

product X 4percent,

Conditions
ConditionsYield
cobalt(III) acetylacetonate at 24.9℃; for 5h; Mechanism; Product distribution; Thermodynamic data; Ea; other metal 2,4-pentandioates (Co(II), Fe(III), Mn(III), Cr(III)).;A 6%
B 8%
C 90%
D 2%
E n/a
benzaldehyde
100-52-7

benzaldehyde

A

Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

B

benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

C

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; ozone; lithium chloride In tetrachloromethane at 40℃;A n/a
B n/a
C 83.2%
Benzoyl bromide
618-32-6

Benzoyl bromide

PtBr(PPh3)2

PtBr(PPh3)2

A

benzoic acid anhydride
93-97-0

benzoic acid anhydride

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

C

cis-PtBr2(PPh3)2

cis-PtBr2(PPh3)2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In dichloromethane at -78℃; for 6h;A 27%
B 22%
C n/a
5-bromo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran
26274-19-1

5-bromo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran

A

3-bromo-2-ethoxy-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran
32513-73-8

3-bromo-2-ethoxy-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tetrachloromethane; N-Bromosuccinimide Erwaermen des Reaktionsprodukts mit Natriumaethylat in Aethanol und Aether;
acetyl benzoyl peroxide
644-31-5

acetyl benzoyl peroxide

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium carbonate at 50℃;
peracetic acid
79-21-0

peracetic acid

sodium acetate
127-09-3

sodium acetate

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

A

acetyl benzoyl peroxide
644-31-5

acetyl benzoyl peroxide

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydrogencarbonate
benzoic acid anhydride
93-97-0

benzoic acid anhydride

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With barium peroxide
With potassium hydroxide; dihydrogen peroxide
With dioxygenbis(triphenylphosphine)platinum(0) In dichloromethane for 2h;9 % Chromat.
benzoic acid anhydride
93-97-0

benzoic acid anhydride

A

Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium hydroxide; dihydrogen peroxide at 0℃;
Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

benzenesulfonyl chloride
98-09-9

benzenesulfonyl chloride

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 0℃;
Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

benzene-d6
1076-43-3

benzene-d6

A

2,3,4,5,6-pentadeuterio-biphenyl
20637-23-4

2,3,4,5,6-pentadeuterio-biphenyl

B

Benzoic perdeuterophenyl ester

Benzoic perdeuterophenyl ester

C

benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

D

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
cobalt(III) acetylacetonate at 25℃; Mechanism; Product distribution;
[α-13C]benzoyl chloride
52947-05-4

[α-13C]benzoyl chloride

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium peroxide
tetrachloromethane
56-23-5

tetrachloromethane

benzaldehyde
100-52-7

benzaldehyde

ozone containing oxygen

ozone containing oxygen

A

benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 0℃;
dihydrogen peroxide
7722-84-1

dihydrogen peroxide

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

furan-2,3,5(4H)-trione pyridine (1:1)

furan-2,3,5(4H)-trione pyridine (1:1)

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

barium peroxide hydrate

barium peroxide hydrate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

water
7732-18-5

water

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

barium peroxide hydrate

barium peroxide hydrate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

benzoic acid anhydride
93-97-0

benzoic acid anhydride

barium peroxide hydrate

barium peroxide hydrate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

sodium bicarbonate

sodium bicarbonate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

water
7732-18-5

water

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

sodium peroxide

sodium peroxide

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

dihydrogen peroxide
7722-84-1

dihydrogen peroxide

benzoic acid anhydride
93-97-0

benzoic acid anhydride

potassium hydroxide

potassium hydroxide

A

Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 0℃;
sodium acetate
127-09-3

sodium acetate

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

acetyl hydrogen peroxide

acetyl hydrogen peroxide

A

acetyl benzoyl peroxide
644-31-5

acetyl benzoyl peroxide

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

bromine
7726-95-6

bromine

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 20℃;
Perbenzoic acid
93-59-4

Perbenzoic acid

chlorine
7782-50-5

chlorine

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 25℃;
bis-hydroxymethyl peroxide
17088-73-2

bis-hydroxymethyl peroxide

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

aqueous NaOH-solution

aqueous NaOH-solution

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

acetyl benzoyl peroxide
644-31-5

acetyl benzoyl peroxide

natrium carbonate

natrium carbonate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 50℃;
benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

acetyl hydrogen peroxide

acetyl hydrogen peroxide

A

acetyl benzoyl peroxide
644-31-5

acetyl benzoyl peroxide

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; sodium acetate
acetyl benzoyl peroxide
644-31-5

acetyl benzoyl peroxide

diluted NaOH-solution

diluted NaOH-solution

A

benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

B

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

C

sodium peroxide

sodium peroxide

D

oxygen

oxygen

dibutylamine
111-92-2

dibutylamine

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

O-benzoyl-N,N-dibutylhydroxylamine
87662-94-0

O-benzoyl-N,N-dibutylhydroxylamine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With disodium hydrogenphosphate In diethyl ether for 15h; Heating;100%
With Carbonate buffer In dichloromethane; water at 20℃; pH=10.5;94%
With dipotassium hydrogenphosphate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 12h; Inert atmosphere;59%
N-Bromosuccinimide
128-08-5

N-Bromosuccinimide

N-bromosuccinamide

N-bromosuccinamide

2-Bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-6-methoxy-1-naphthalene-carboxylic acid
122670-62-6

2-Bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-6-methoxy-1-naphthalene-carboxylic acid

2-chloro-6-methoxy-1-methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)naphthalene
122670-68-2

2-chloro-6-methoxy-1-methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)naphthalene

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-bromomethyl-2-chloro-6-methoxy-5-trifluoromethylnaphthalene
122670-63-7

1-bromomethyl-2-chloro-6-methoxy-5-trifluoromethylnaphthalene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrachloromethane100%
N-Bromosuccinimide
128-08-5

N-Bromosuccinimide

N-bromosuccinamide

N-bromosuccinamide

2-chloro-6-methoxy-1-methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)naphthalene
122670-68-2

2-chloro-6-methoxy-1-methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)naphthalene

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-bromomethyl-2-chloro-6-methoxy-5-trifluoromethylnaphthalene
122670-63-7

1-bromomethyl-2-chloro-6-methoxy-5-trifluoromethylnaphthalene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrachloromethane100%
ethyl [4-methyl-5-(2-thienyl)isoxazol-3-yl]carboxylate
166180-60-5

ethyl [4-methyl-5-(2-thienyl)isoxazol-3-yl]carboxylate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

ethyl [4-bromomethyl-5-(2-thienyl)isoxazol-3-yl]carboxylate
166180-61-6

ethyl [4-bromomethyl-5-(2-thienyl)isoxazol-3-yl]carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-Bromosuccinimide In CCl4was100%
copper hydroxide
20427-59-2

copper hydroxide

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

copper(II) oxide

copper(II) oxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: copper hydroxide; dibenzoyl peroxide In water at 60℃; for 0.5h; Inert atmosphere;
Stage #2: In water for 5h; Sonication; Inert atmosphere;
100%
1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-(2-phenylethyl)malonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-(2-phenylethyl)malonate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)malonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)malonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (2R,5R,1'S)-1-(9-anthracenyl)methyl-5-ethylene-2-[1-hydroxy-1-(quinol-4-yl)]methyl-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane chloride; potassium hydroxide In water; toluene at -40℃; for 48h; enantioselective reaction;99%
2-benzyl-malonic acid tert-butyl ester methyl ester
4491-46-7

2-benzyl-malonic acid tert-butyl ester methyl ester

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

tert-butyl methyl (S)-2-(benzoyloxy)-2-benzylmalonate

tert-butyl methyl (S)-2-(benzoyloxy)-2-benzylmalonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (2R,5R,1'S)-1-(9-anthracenyl)methyl-5-ethylene-2-[1-hydroxy-1-(quinol-4-yl)]methyl-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane chloride; potassium hydroxide In water; toluene at -40℃; for 48h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; enantioselective reaction;99%
1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-(4-methoxybenzyl)malonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-(4-methoxybenzyl)malonate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-(4-methoxybenzyl)malonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-(4-methoxybenzyl)malonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (2R,5R,1'S)-1-(9-anthracenyl)methyl-5-ethylene-2-[1-hydroxy-1-(quinol-4-yl)]methyl-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane chloride; potassium hydroxide In water; toluene at -40℃; for 48h; enantioselective reaction;99%
1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-(4-trifluoromethylbenzyl)malonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-(4-trifluoromethylbenzyl)malonate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-(4-trifluoromethylbenzyl)malonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-(4-trifluoromethylbenzyl)malonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (2R,5R,1'S)-1-(9-anthracenyl)methyl-5-ethylene-2-[1-hydroxy-1-(quinol-4-yl)]methyl-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane chloride; potassium hydroxide In water; toluene at -40℃; for 48h; enantioselective reaction;99%
1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-naphthalen-2-ylmethylmalonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-naphthalen-2-ylmethylmalonate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-naphthalen-2-ylmethylmalonate

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl 2-benzoyloxy-2-naphthalen-2-ylmethylmalonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (2R,5R,1'S)-1-(9-anthracenyl)methyl-5-ethylene-2-[1-hydroxy-1-(quinol-4-yl)]methyl-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane chloride; potassium hydroxide In water; toluene at -40℃; for 48h; enantioselective reaction;99%
1-oxo-indan-2-carboxylic acid adamantan-1-yl ester

1-oxo-indan-2-carboxylic acid adamantan-1-yl ester

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-adamantyl 2-benzoyloxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

1-adamantyl 2-benzoyloxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (+)-N-benzylcinchonineammonium bromide; potassium carbonate In toluene at 25℃; for 24h; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst;99%
With C35H35N2O3(1+)*Br(1-); potassium carbonate In toluene at 15℃; for 12h; Time; enantioselective reaction;98%
1-indanone-2-carboxylic acid-(3-ethyl)-3-pentyl ester
1403881-80-0

1-indanone-2-carboxylic acid-(3-ethyl)-3-pentyl ester

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

A

C24H26O5

C24H26O5

B

3-ethyl 3-pentanyl 2-benzoyloxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

3-ethyl 3-pentanyl 2-benzoyloxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C35H35N2O3(1+)*Br(1-); potassium carbonate In toluene at 15℃; for 12h; enantioselective reaction;A n/a
B 99%
With C35H35N2O3(1+)*Br(1-); potassium carbonate In toluene at 15℃; for 24h; Overall yield = 99 %;A n/a
B n/a
allyl 6,6-dimethyl-2-oxotetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-carboxylate

allyl 6,6-dimethyl-2-oxotetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-carboxylate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

allyl 3-(benzoyloxy)-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxotetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-carboxylate

allyl 3-(benzoyloxy)-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxotetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydride In tetrahydrofuran at -10℃; for 1h; Inert atmosphere;99%
allyl 7,7-dimethyl-2-oxooxepane-3-carboxylate

allyl 7,7-dimethyl-2-oxooxepane-3-carboxylate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

allyl 3-(benzoyloxy)-7,7-dimethyl-2-oxooxepane-3-carboxylate

allyl 3-(benzoyloxy)-7,7-dimethyl-2-oxooxepane-3-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydride In tetrahydrofuran at -10℃; for 1h; Inert atmosphere;99%
tris[tris(trimethylsilylmethyl)stannyl]praseodymium*1,2-dimethoxyethane
74559-43-6

tris[tris(trimethylsilylmethyl)stannyl]praseodymium*1,2-dimethoxyethane

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

A

((CH3)3SiCH2)3SnPr(OCOC6H5)2

((CH3)3SiCH2)3SnPr(OCOC6H5)2

B

((CH3)3SiCH2)3Sn(OCOC6H5)
42202-20-0

((CH3)3SiCH2)3Sn(OCOC6H5)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene soln. of Pr-Sn complex was shaken with soln. of benzoylperoxide at 50°C for 12 h; Sn-Pr complex pptd.; elem. anal.; org. layer was sepd. by distn.;A 98.4%
B 75%
6-methylnicotinonitrile
3222-48-8

6-methylnicotinonitrile

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

2-aminomethyl-5-carbobenzyloxyamidinopyridine dihydrogen chloride

2-aminomethyl-5-carbobenzyloxyamidinopyridine dihydrogen chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: 6-methylnicotinonitrile; dibenzoyl peroxide With N-Bromosuccinimide In tetrachloromethane for 18h; Heating / reflux;
Stage #2: With 4-cyanobenzyl bromide
98%
bis[tris(trifluoromethyl)germyl]mercury
82477-25-6

bis[tris(trifluoromethyl)germyl]mercury

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

A

(benzoyloxy)tris(trifluoromethyl)germane
82484-05-7

(benzoyloxy)tris(trifluoromethyl)germane

B

mercury

mercury

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene dry oxygen-free solvents, evacuated glass ampoules; keeping Ge-compd. in benzene and benzoyl peroxide at 50°C (50 h); sepn. of metallic Hg from soln., removal of benzene in vac., distn. (0.01 mm, bath temp. 40°C); elem. anal.;A 57%
B 98%
tris(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)antimony(III) benzene monosolvate
1352166-68-7

tris(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)antimony(III) benzene monosolvate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

((2-methoxy-5-bromophenyl)3Sb(PhC(O)O)2
1352166-71-2

((2-methoxy-5-bromophenyl)3Sb(PhC(O)O)2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene mixt. of tris(2-methoxy-5-bromophenyl)antimony benzene monosolvate and benzoyl peroxide in C6H6 was heated for 3 h at 40°C; cooled; solvent removed; elem. anal.;98%
ethyl[bis(pentafluorophenyl)germyl]thallium(I)

ethyl[bis(pentafluorophenyl)germyl]thallium(I)

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

A

(C6F5)2Ge(C2H5)OCOC6H5
85813-96-3

(C6F5)2Ge(C2H5)OCOC6H5

B

thallium benzoate
5630-31-9

thallium benzoate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene under Ar, benzene soln. of ethyl(bis(pentafluorophenyl)germyl)thallium(I) added to soln. of benzoyl peroxide in benzene, kept for 10 min at 20°C; org. layer decanted, benzene removed in vac., residue recrystd. from hexane, elem. anal.;A 86%
B 97%
1-indanone-2-carboxylic acid tert-amyl ester

1-indanone-2-carboxylic acid tert-amyl ester

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-tert-pentyl 2-benzoyloxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

1-tert-pentyl 2-benzoyloxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C35H35N2O3(1+)*Br(1-); potassium carbonate In toluene at 15℃; for 12h; enantioselective reaction;97%
2‐allylpiperidine
89656-44-0

2‐allylpiperidine

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

O-benzoyl-2-allylpiperidin-1-ol
955404-30-5

O-benzoyl-2-allylpiperidin-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With disodium hydrogenphosphate In tetrahydrofuran at 65℃;96%
tert-butyl 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoindoline-1-carboxylate
862907-06-0

tert-butyl 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoindoline-1-carboxylate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

tert-butyl (S)-3-(benzoyloxy)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoindoline-1-carboxylate
1271489-24-7

tert-butyl (S)-3-(benzoyloxy)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoindoline-1-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Ca[(S)-VAPOL-Phosphate]2 In diethyl ether at 20℃; for 20h; Inert atmosphere; optical yield given as %ee; enantioselective reaction;96%
tert-butyl 5-methoxy-2-oxo-3-phenylindoline-1-carboxylate
923568-89-2

tert-butyl 5-methoxy-2-oxo-3-phenylindoline-1-carboxylate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

tert-butyl (S)-3-(benzoyloxy)-5-methoxy-2-oxo-3-phenylindoline-1-carboxylate
1271489-34-9

tert-butyl (S)-3-(benzoyloxy)-5-methoxy-2-oxo-3-phenylindoline-1-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Ca[(S)-VAPOL-Phosphate]2 In diethyl ether at 20℃; for 20h; Inert atmosphere; optical yield given as %ee; enantioselective reaction;96%
C19H18FNO3
1175713-10-6

C19H18FNO3

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

tert-butyl (S)-3-(benzoyloxy)-7-fluoro-2-oxo-3-phenylindoline-1-carboxylate
1271489-30-5

tert-butyl (S)-3-(benzoyloxy)-7-fluoro-2-oxo-3-phenylindoline-1-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Ca[(S)-VAPOL-Phosphate]2 In diethyl ether at 20℃; for 20h; Inert atmosphere; optical yield given as %ee; enantioselective reaction;96%
cycloactanone
502-49-8

cycloactanone

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

(R)-2-benzoyloxy-4,4-dimethylcyclooctanone

(R)-2-benzoyloxy-4,4-dimethylcyclooctanone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With ent-9-amino(9-deoxy)epi-hydroquinine; sodium carbonate; salicylic acid In toluene at 0℃; for 80h; optical yield given as %ee; enantioselective reaction;96%
tert-butyl 5-fluoro-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate
1383187-31-2

tert-butyl 5-fluoro-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

1-tert-butyl 2-benzoyloxy-5-fluorine-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

1-tert-butyl 2-benzoyloxy-5-fluorine-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C35H35N2O3(1+)*Br(1-); potassium carbonate In toluene at 15℃; for 12h; enantioselective reaction;96%
tris[tris(trimethylsilylmethyl)stannyl]neodymium*1,2-dimethoxyethane
74559-40-3

tris[tris(trimethylsilylmethyl)stannyl]neodymium*1,2-dimethoxyethane

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

A

((CH3)3SiCH2)3SnNd(OCOC6H5)2

((CH3)3SiCH2)3SnNd(OCOC6H5)2

B

((CH3)3SiCH2)3Sn(OCOC6H5)
42202-20-0

((CH3)3SiCH2)3Sn(OCOC6H5)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene soln. of Nd-Sn complex was shaken with soln. of benzoylperoxide at 50°C for 12 h; Sn-Nd complex pptd.; elem. anal.; org. layer was sepd. by distn.;A 95.7%
B 75%
cyclohexylamine
108-91-8

cyclohexylamine

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

N-cyclohexyl-O-benzoylhydroxylamine
1485-75-2

N-cyclohexyl-O-benzoylhydroxylamine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; caesium carbonate In dichloromethane at 20℃; for 16h;95%
With pH 10.5 buffer In dichloromethane Ambient temperature;82%
With potassium carbonate In chloroform for 1h; Ambient temperature; Yield given;
In dichloromethane at 20℃; pH=10.5; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique;
With potassium hydrogenphosphate trihydrate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; Inert atmosphere;
4-isopropyl-2H-1,4-thiazin-3-one
70638-09-4

4-isopropyl-2H-1,4-thiazin-3-one

dibenzoyl peroxide
94-36-0

dibenzoyl peroxide

Benzoic acid 4-isopropyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-[1,4]thiazin-2-yl ester
82409-32-3

Benzoic acid 4-isopropyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-[1,4]thiazin-2-yl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform for 4h; Heating;95%

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