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Diastase

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Diastase

EINECS
CAS No. 9000-92-4 Density
Solubility Melting Point
Formula Unspecified Boiling Point
Molecular Weight Flash Point
Transport Information Appearance light yellow or white amorphous powder
Safety 22-24-36/37 Risk Codes 42
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 9000-92-4 (Amylase) Hazard Symbols HarmfulXn
Synonyms

AmylaseAD.1;Amylase HT 4000;Amylogal;Amylolytic enzymes;Amylopol P;Amylosaenzyme;Amzyme 60;Amzyme TX 8;Aquasim 240L;Aquazym Ultra;Aquazym Ultra1200L;BAN 240L;Bakezyme P 500G;Bakezyme P500;Biodiastase 1000;Biodiastase1000/2000;Biodiastase 2000;Biozyme S;Dabiase K 27;Desize LF;Diastase;Diramyl;Duramyl;Duramyl 300L;Duramyl 300L DX;Duramyl 60T;Ecostone A 200;Enzylase C;Enzyme S 120L;Enzyme S 280L;Enzymes, amylolytic;Fetilase;Fructamyl FHT;Fructamyl HT;Fungamyl 1600BG;G-zyme 990;G-zyme 998;GRINDAMYLAmylase 1000;Gamalpha G 120;Gamylo 200L;Glucozyme DB;Glycogenase;GrindamylMax-Life U 1045;Grindamyl Max-Life U 3;Kleistase M 20;Kleistase M 5;Kleistase T;Kleistase TU 20;Kokugen T;L 2000 (enzyme);Lactose RCS;Malt diastase;Miola;Mylase 100;Natalase;Natalase 200L;Neospitase K;Optimax HP 7525;Purastar ST 6000E;Raktase SuperConc;Rakutose Super Conc.;Rapidase 2M;Rohalase M;SVA-300;Seyco Desize 2000;Speedase PN 4;Takaterm;Termamyl 300L;Termamyl 50T;Termamyl 60TNT;Termamyl T;Termozym;Thermoamylase;Tyazyme L300;Validase BAA;Validase HT;Veron AC;Veron Bake;Veron GK;Zymajunt-340C;

 

Diastase History

Interconnectedness Erhard Friedrich Leuchs (1800-1837) described, because saliva starch hydrolysis of the saliva of a, "ptyalin", the existence of Amylase (CAS NO.9000-92-4). Amylase in the modern history began in 1833, French chemist Anselme Payen and Jean-François Persoz  separation of malted barley to complex, called it "diastase". In 1862, Alexander Jakulowitsch Danilewsky (1838-1923) separation of trypsin pancreatic amylase.

Diastase Specification

With the CAS registry number 9000-92-4, Amylase is also named as Enzyme, amylolytic. The product's categories are 3.2.x.x Glycosidases; 3.x.x.x Hydrolases; Enzyme Class Index. The other registry numbers are 8049-91-0, 9000-93-5 and 9014-71-5. It is light yellow or white amorphous powder which is stable and incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. And it was slightly turbid when soluble in water. In addition, this chemical is almost insoluble in ethanol. Besides, it should be stored at the temperature of 2-8 °C.

Preparation of Amylase: It can be obtained by Aspergillus niger var., Asp.orzae vsr., Rhizopus oryzaevar., Tricho-derma roesei; var. and other variation bacteria and mould.

Uses of Amylase: It is used in the desizing process of textiles. It is also used as zymin which is mainly used for the improving of bread dough in the production of bread, vegetable processing, manufacturing syrup, malt sugar production, dextrin powder, glucose and other processing.

When you are using this chemical, please be cautious about it as the following:
It may cause sensitization by inhalation, so people should not breathe dust and avoid contact with skin. If you want to contact this product, you must wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.

The following are the toxicity data which has been tested. 

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal > 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 10, Pg. 632, 1976.
mouse LD50 oral > 15gm/kg (15000mg/kg)   Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 10, Pg. 632, 1976.
mouse LD50 subcutaneous > 10gm/kg (10000mg/kg)   Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 10, Pg. 632, 1976.
mouse LDLo intravenous 250mg/kg (250mg/kg)   Farmakologiya i Toksikologiya Vol. 37, Pg. 608, 1974.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal > 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 10, Pg. 632, 1976.
rat LD50 oral > 15gm/kg (15000mg/kg)   Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 10, Pg. 632, 1976.
rat LD50 subcutaneous > 10gm/kg (10000mg/kg)   Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 10, Pg. 632, 1976.

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