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Hydrochloric Acid

Base Information Edit
  • Chemical Name:Hydrochloric Acid
  • CAS No.:7647-01-0
  • Deprecated CAS:113962-65-5,218625-68-4,51005-19-7,61674-62-2,218625-68-4,51005-19-7,61674-62-2
  • Molecular Formula:HCl
  • Molecular Weight:36.4609
  • Hs Code.:2086.10
  • European Community (EC) Number:231-595-7,933-977-5
  • ICSC Number:0163
  • NSC Number:77365
  • UN Number:1789,1050,2186
  • UNII:QTT17582CB
  • DSSTox Substance ID:DTXSID2020711
  • Nikkaji Number:J273.898H,J3.376.707B,J3.745A
  • Wikipedia:Hydrochloric acid,Hydrogen chloride,Hydrogen_chloride
  • Wikidata:Q211086,Q83006410
  • NCI Thesaurus Code:C76716
  • RXCUI:5486
  • Pharos Ligand ID:2479
  • ChEMBL ID:CHEMBL1231821
  • Mol file:7647-01-0.mol
Hydrochloric Acid

Synonyms:Acid, Hydrochloric;Acid, Muriatic;Chloride, Hydrogen;Hydrochloric Acid;Hydrogen Chloride;Muriatic Acid

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Chemical Property of Hydrochloric Acid Edit
Chemical Property:
  • Appearance/Colour:colourless gas 
  • Vapor Pressure:1560mmHg at 25°C 
  • Melting Point:-35 °C 
  • Boiling Point:57 °C 
  • Flash Point:-40°C 
  • PSA:0.00000 
  • Density:1.2 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.) 
  • LogP:0.80200 
  • Water Solubility.:miscible 
  • XLogP3:0.8
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:1
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:0
  • Rotatable Bond Count:0
  • Exact Mass:35.9766777
  • Heavy Atom Count:1
  • Complexity:0
  • Transport DOT Label:Corrosive,Poison Gas Corrosive
Safty Information:
  • Pictogram(s): ToxicT, CorrosiveC, FlammableF, IrritantXi, HighlyF+ 
  • Hazard Codes: C:Corrosive;
  • Statements: R34:; R37:; 
  • Safety Statements: S26:; S45:; 
MSDS Files:

SDS file from LookChem

Total 1 MSDS from other Authors

  • Chemical Classes:Toxic Gases & Vapors -> Acids, Inorganic
  • Canonical SMILES:Cl
  • Recent ClinicalTrials:Hydrochloric Acid Lock Therapy in Children With Cancer
  • Recent EU Clinical Trials:Metformin treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy in patients with liver cirrhosis
  • Recent NIPH Clinical Trials:Clinical study about in vitro - in vivo correlation in supersaturation of poorly soluble basic drug
  • Inhalation Risk:A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.
  • Effects of Short Term Exposure:Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of this gas may cause asthma-like reactions (RADS). Exposure could cause asphyxiation due to swelling in the throat. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause lung oedema, but only after initial corrosive effects on the eyes and the upper respiratory tract have become manifest. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause pneumonitis.
  • Effects of Long Term Exposure:Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause effects on the teeth. This may result in tooth erosion. The substance may have effects on the upper respiratory tract and lungs. This may result in chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract and reduced lung function . Mists of this strong inorganic acid are carcinogenic to humans.
Technology Process of Hydrochloric Acid

There total 2243 articles about Hydrochloric Acid which guide to synthetic route it. The literature collected by LookChem mainly comes from the sharing of users and the free literature resources found by Internet computing technology. We keep the original model of the professional version of literature to make it easier and faster for users to retrieve and use. At the same time, we analyze and calculate the most feasible synthesis route with the highest yield for your reference as below:

synthetic route: