Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Dry 4-pentanone with CaSO4, then distil it from P2O5 under nitrogen. [Beilstein 1 IV 3323.]
4-Heptanone is an organic ketone containing seven carbon atoms. It can be found in urine samples of human being. It arises from in vivo beta-oxidation of 2-ethylhexanoic acid (EHA) from plasticisers, which is similar to the formation of 3-heptanone from valproic acid. It is mainly used as the solvents of nitrocellulose, nitrocellulose paint and synthetic resin and as the raw materials of organic synthesis. It can also be used as a internal standard of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of 3-monochloro-1, 2-propane diol which is a potential carcinogen found in soy sauce. It can be synthesized during the reaction of 1-butanol over base catalysts such as MgO.
4-Heptanone is incompatible with the following: Oxidizers .
Air & Water Reactions
Flammable. Insoluble in water.
Walker V, and Mills GA. "Urine 4-heptanone: a beta-oxidation product of 2-ethylhexanoic acid from plasticisers. " Clinica Chimica Acta306.2(2001):51-61.
Dayrit, F. M., and M. R. Niñonuevo. "Development of an analytical method for 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol in soy sauce using 4-heptanone as derivatizing agent." Food Additives & Contaminants 21.3(2004):204-9.
Plint, Neville, et al. "Catalysed synthesis of 4-heptanone from 1-butanol."Catalysis Today 49.1–3(1999):71-77.
A colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Insoluble in water and less dense than water. Flash point 120°F. Toxic by inhalation. A skin irritant. Used to make flavorings and as a solvent.