May explode from heat, shock, friction or contamination. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Recrystallise MCPBA from CH2Cl2 [Traylor & Mikztal J Am Chem Soc 109 2770 1987]. Peracid of 99+% purity can be obtained by washing commercial 85% material with phosphate buffer pH 7.5 and drying the residue under reduced pressure. Alternatively the peracid can be freed from m-chlorobenzoic acid by dissolving 50g/L of *benzene and washing with an aqueous solution buffered at pH 7.4 (NaH2PO4/NaOH) (5 x 100mL). The organic layer is dried over MgSO4 and carefully evaporated under vacuum. Necessary care should be taken in case of EXPLOSION. The solid is recrystallised twice from CH2Cl2/Et2O and stored at 0o in a plastic container as glass catalyses the decomposition of the peracid. The acid is assayed iodometrically. [Schwartz & Blumbrgs J Org Chem 29 1976 1964, Bortolini et al. J Org Chem 52 5093 1987, McDonald et al. Org Synth Coll Vol VI 276 1988, Beilstein 9 IV 972.]
3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid is sensitive to heat. Storage of 3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid must be done so with stringent temperature control measures. It's explosion hazard is also mitigated by mixing the peroxide in a solvent slurry.