Crystallise the alcohol from aqueous EtOH. It has also been purified by zone melting. [Beilstein 1 IV 1864.]
1-Tetradecanol is an alcohol. Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination of alcohols with alkali metals, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. They react with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water. Oxidizing agents convert them to aldehydes or ketones. Alcohols exhibit both weak acid and weak base behavior. They may initiate the polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides.
white low melting solid or flakes
As emollient for cold creams, etc., also for making the sulfated alcohol whose sodium salt is applicable as a "wetter" in textiles.
Low toxicity. Overexposure causes some central nervous system depression. Prolonged skin contact causes skin irritation.
1-Tetradecanol is a kind of straight-chain saturated fatty alcohol. It is often used as an ingredient in cosmetics such as cold creams because of its emollient properties. It can also be used as the intermediate during the manufacturing of some organic compounds like surfactants. Some studies have shown that it can inhibit the endothelial activation and reduce tissue responsiveness to cytokines, having the potential to treat the periodontitis based on studies on rabbits. It is also employed for the fabrication of temperature-regulated drug release system based on phase-change materials.
Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble in water.
Colorless thick liquid (heated) with a faint alcohol odor. Solidifies and floats on water.
Lehmler, Hans-Joachim, and Paul M. Bummer. "Behavior of 10-(perfluorohexyl)-decanol, a partially fluorinated analog of hexadecanol, at the air–water interface." Journal of fluorine chemistry 117.1 (2002): 17-22.
Hasturk, Hatice, et al. "1-Tetradecanol complex reduces progression of porphyromonas gingivalis–induced experimental periodontitis in rabbits." Journal of periodontology 78.5 (2007): 924-932.
Hasturk, H, et al. "1-Tetradecanol complex: therapeutic actions in experimental periodontitis." Journal of Periodontology 80.7(2009): 1103-13.
Choi, Sung-Wook, Yu Zhang, and Younan Xia. "A temperature-sensitive drug release system based on phase-change materials." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 49.43 (2010): 7904-7908.
ChEBI: A long-chain fatty alcohol that is tetradecane in which one of the terminal methyl hydrogens is replaced by a hydroxy group