Methyl vinyl ketone is incompatible with strong oxidizers and strong bases. Methyl vinyl ketone polymerizes spontaneously upon exposure to heat or sunlight. This polymerization may cause violent ruptures in containers. .
A clear colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 20 °F. May polymerize with the release of heat under exposure to heat or contamination. Less dense than water. Highly toxic by inhalation. Causes burns to skin, eyes and mucous membranes.
ChEBI: A methyl ketone that is butan-2-one with an unsaturation at position 3.
Colourless liquid. Soluble in water and alcohols.
Methyl vinyl ketone is readily absorbed through the skin, causing general poisoning, similar to other ketones; inhalation has central nervous system depressant effects. It is irritating to mucous membranes and respiratory tract and to the skin; it is a lachrymator and can cause eye injury.
Vapors form flammable mixtures with air, and may travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. Polymerization may take place in containers, possibly with violent rupture of containers. Upon exposure to heat or flame, Methyl vinyl ketone emits toxic and irritating fumes. Container may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors, or in sewers. Polymerizes on standing. Hazardous polymerization may occur. Avoid heat or sunlight.
Methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) is a stable, highly flammable, heat- and light-sensitive, and colourless liquid. It is incompatible with strong bases, strong oxidising agents, and strong reducing agents and undergoes autopolymerisation. MVK is a reactive organic compound classified as an enone. It is a colourless to yellow, flammable, highly toxic liquid with a pungent odour. It is easily soluble in water, methanol, ethanol, and acetic acid. It can act as an alkylating agent. Its alkylating ability is both the source of its high toxicity and the feature that makes it a useful intermediate in organic synthesis. It polymerises spontaneously and is used in the manufacture of plastic polymers. It is also an intermediate in the synthesis of steroids and vitamin A.
It forms an 85% azeotrope with water. After drying with K2CO3 and CaCl2 (with cooling), the ketone is distilled at low pressures. [Beilstein 1 IV 3444.]
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Miscible with water. Unstable in the presence of heat, light and air.
Alkylating agent; commercial starting material for plastics; as intermediate in the synthesis of steroids and vitamin A.