clear, fuming liquid
Inhalation produces primary irritation of the respiratory tract; symptoms of lung damage may be delayed. Contact with liquid produces primary irritation of eyes and severe skin damage; delayed blistering is not uncommon. INGESTION: Sore throat, abdominal pain, and vomiting.
A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Vapors irritate eyes and mucous membranes. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Density 13.9 lb / gal.
Acetyl bromide is a colourless fuming liquid with pungent odour, is combustible, and
turns yellow on exposure to air. It is used as an acetylating agent in the synthesis of fine
chemicals, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals. It is also used as an intermediate for dyes.
Acetylation, a case of acylation, is an organic synthesis process whereby the acetyl group
is incorporated into a molecule by substitution for protecting –OH groups.
Boil acetyl bromide with PBr3/Ac2O for 1hour, then distil the latter off and redistil it. Store it dry. [Burton & Degering J Am Chem Soc 62 227 1940, Beilstein 2 IV 398.] LACHRYMATORY.
Acetyl bromide decomposes violently upon contact with water, steam, methanol or ethanol to form hydrogen bromide gas and acetic acid. Reacts vigorously with bases, both organic and inorganic. Incompatible with oxidizing agents and alcohols. Produces highly toxic fumes of bromine and carbonyl bromide when heated to decomposition [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 34]. Vapor forms an explosive mixture with air [Kirk-Othmer, 3rd ed., Vol. 1, 1978, p. 162]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].