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  • Comparison of the in vitro metabolism of psoralidin (cas 18642-23-4) among different species and characterization of its inhibitory effect against UDP- glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) or cytochrome p450 (CYP450) enzymes

  • Add time:09/26/2019    Source:sciencedirect.com

    psoralidin (cas 18642-23-4) has shown a variety of biological and pharmacological activities such as anti-tumor anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory activities. Herein, we reported the metabolism of psoralidin among different species and its inhibitory effect against UGTs and CYP450s. Liquid chromatography was used to investigate the inhibitory activity of psoralidin against ten different UGTs and eight distinct CYP450 isoforms. In addition, we characterized the CYP450 isoforms involved in the psoralidin metabolism on the basis of chemical inhibition studies and screening assays with recombinant human cytochrome P450s. In vitro metabolic profiles and metabolites of psoralidin from varying liver microsomes obtained from human (HLMs), monkey (MLMs), rat (RLMs), dog (DLMs), minipig (PLMs) and rabbit (RAMs) were determined by LC–MS/MS. In vivo pharmacokinetic profiles were investigated by injecting psoralidin (2 mg/kg) into the tail vein of Wistar rats. Molecular modeling studies were carried out in order to assess the binding profile and recognition motif between psoralidin and the enzymes. Psoralidin showed potent and noncompetitive inhibition against UGT1A1, UGT1A7, CYP1A2 and CYP2C8 with IC50 values of 6.12, 0.38, 1.81, 0.28 μM, respectively. The metabolism of psoraldin exhibited significant differences among humans, monkeys, dogs, minipigs, rabbits and rats; however, monkeys showed the highest similarity to humans. Furthermore, eleven metabolites were observed among these species and their structures were characterized by LC–MS/MS. CYP2C19 played a key role in the metabolism of psorslidin in human liver microsomes. These findings could be used to advance the understanding of psoralidin.

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    Prev:RESEARCH ARTICLE: Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics and Drug Transport and MetabolismRegio- and Isoform-Specific Glucuronidation of psoralidin (cas 18642-23-4): Evaluation of 3-O-Glucuronidation as a Functional Marker for UGT1A9
    Next:Synthesis of psoralidin (cas 18642-23-4) derivatives and their anticancer activity: first synthesis of Lespeflorin I1)

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