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Paraffin wax

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Name

Paraffin wax

EINECS 232-315-6
CAS No. 8002-74-2 Density 0.82 g/mL at 20 °C
Solubility Melting Point 50-57 °C
Formula Unspecified Boiling Point 322 °C
Molecular Weight 0 Flash Point 113 °C
Transport Information Appearance
Safety Risk Codes
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 8002-74-2 (Hydrocarbon waxes) Hazard Symbols
Synonyms

Paraffinwax and other hydrocarbon waxes;Hytec B 5936;Indramic 30;Irgawax 366;J 1440;Johnsons Wax 111;K 51;K 51 (wax);K 61 (wax);KW622;Kerawax 422;Kogasin III;LLN;LM-FRW 126;Lenolene AC;Luvax 1266;Luvax2191;ME 47950;ML 445;MM-RHC 135;Masterkure 122;Meghwax CPB 500;Mobil 150;Mobil 150-155F;Mobilcer 161;Mobilcer 216;Mobilcer 739;Mobilcer ED 80/229;Mobilwax 140;Mobilwax 145;Mobilwax 220;Mulrex 114;Mystolene MK 7;MystoleneSP 30;N 481-0705-3;N 481-1022-2;N 623;N 624;N 627;N 900;NC 511;NNP 9;NXK 501S;Neowax LA 05;Nimi Pink Base Plate Paraffin and Wax;Nisseki 145;Noda Wax NC 511;Nopalets MP 80;Nopalets MP 85;Nopalets MP 90;Nopcosize DS101;Norane FH;OT 78;Okerin 11131;Okerin 1865Q;Ozoace;Ozoace 0355;Ozoace2701;Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes;140F;45A;45A (wax);Advawax 165;Akrowax 5030;Akrowax 5031;Akrowax 5032;Altafin 125;AmpliWax;Ampliwax Gem 50;Anti-Chek;Apiezon M;Apiezon N;Apiezon W;Apiezon Wax W 100;AquaBead 325E;Aquamol 1200;Arcowax 1150G;Arcowax 2143G;Arcowax 4154G;Arcowax 4158G;Aristowax;Aristowax 125;Aristowax 143;Aristowax 165;Bareco 170/175;Bareco PX 100;Boler 1328;Boler1397;Boler 1421;Boler 1977;Boler 941;Bondwax WE 70;CRW 141;Ceratak;Ceretal 165;Chevron 143;Chevron 159;Chevron 4042;Cosmoloid 80H;Crolene LC;DMW 6064;DMW 7074;DP 652;DW 5456;DW 5658;Diaproof;Durowax FT 300;DyeditC 30;Dyedit EK;Dyedit S 8;EM 046H;EM 048H;EM 061H;Ecco Wax 244;Eskar R25;Eskar R 45;Esso 3150;Esso 778;Esso 778E;Evoral PL;Evoral SP;ExcerexHW 26502PE;Excerex HW 41420P;Excerex HW 48070B;FT 180;FT 300;FTP 1005;Flexowax C;Freeman 155/160;G-C Base Plate Paraffin and Wax;G-C Base PlateParaffin and Wax-Normal;GRF;Gatch;Gulfwax;H 1N3;H 1N6;HI;HM-FRW 156;HNP1;HNP 1 (wax);HNP 11;HNP 12;HNP 14;HNP 14G;HNP 16;HNP 3;HNP 3 (wax);HS28W;HUB 3-1;Harowax L 1;Harowax L 2;Hidorin D 338;Hidorin E 139;Hidorin L703-35;Histowax HX 0482-5;Hydrocarbons, waxes;paraffin wax;

 

Paraffin wax Specification

The systematic name of Paraffin wax is Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes. With the CAS registry number 8002-74-2, it is also named as Paraffin. The product's categories are Cosmetic Ingredients & Chemicals;Pharmacopoeia A-Z; Core Bioreagents; Polymer Science; Waxes and Oils, and the other registry numbers are 105054-93-1; 105845-08-7; 115251-23-5; etc. Besides, it is white translucent tasteless odorless solids, which should be stored in a cool, ventilated place at 4 °C. It may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. And it may occur followed by ignition of unreacted portion and other nearby combustibles.

Preparation of Paraffin wax: 
 
It can be prepared by coldpressing of wax-bearing fraction in petroleum or shale oil. The feedstock for paraffin is slack wax. Slack wax is a byproduct from the refining of lubricating oil. Slack wax is a mixture of oil and wax. The first step in making paraffin wax is to remove the oil (de-oiling or de-waxing) from the slack wax. The oil is separated through crystallization. Most commonly, the slack wax is heated, mixed with one or more solvents such as a ketone and then cooled. As it is cooled, wax crystallizes out leaving oil in solution. This mixture is filtered into two streams: solid (wax plus some solvent) and liquid (oil and solvent). After the solvent is recovered by distillation, the resulting products are called "product wax" (or "press wax") and "foots oil". The lower the percentage of oil in the wax the more refined it is considered (semi-refined versus fully refined).[14] The product wax may be further processed to remove colors and odors. The wax may finally be blended together to give certain desired properties such as melt point and penetration. Paraffin wax is sold in either liquid or solid form.

Uses of Paraffin wax:
This chemical can be used for candle-making, investment casting, and waxed paper or cloth coating. It is also used in coating for many kinds of hard cheese. Moreover, it can be used as sealant for jars, cans, and bottles, and as chewing gum additive. The product is used as anti-caking agent, moisture repellent, and dustbinding coatings for fertilizers. And it is used as agent for preparation of specimens for histology, bullet lubricant. Additionally, it can be used as solid propellant for hybrid rocket motors. It is a component of surfwax used for grip on surfboards in surfing. And it is a component of glide wax used on skis and snowboards. Furthermore, it is a friction-reducer that is used on handrails and cement ledges in skateboarding. It is also used as the basis for solid ink different color blocks of wax for thermal printers.

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