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Magnesium Chloride

Base Information Edit
  • Chemical Name:Magnesium Chloride
  • CAS No.:7786-30-3
  • Deprecated CAS:1122625-86-8,12285-34-6,77069-22-8
  • Molecular Formula:Cl2Mg
  • Molecular Weight:95.211
  • Hs Code.:28273100
  • European Community (EC) Number:232-094-6
  • ICSC Number:0764
  • UNII:59XN63C8VM
  • DSSTox Substance ID:DTXSID5034690
  • Nikkaji Number:J43.880D
  • Wikipedia:Magnesium chloride,Magnesium_chloride
  • Wikidata:Q265414
  • NCI Thesaurus Code:C29240,C76656
  • RXCUI:6579,1311539
  • ChEMBL ID:CHEMBL2219642
  • Mol file:7786-30-3.mol
Magnesium Chloride

Synonyms:Chloride, Magnesium;Magnesium Chloride;MgCl2

Chemical Property of Magnesium Chloride Edit
Chemical Property:
  • Appearance/Colour:white powder 
  • Melting Point:714 °C(lit.) 
  • Refractive Index:n20/D 1.336 
  • Boiling Point:1412 °C 
  • PSA:0.00000 
  • Density:2.32 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.) 
  • LogP:-5.99200 
  • Storage Temp.:2-8°C 
  • Sensitive.:Hygroscopic 
  • Solubility.:H2O: soluble 
  • Water Solubility.:400 G/L (20 ºC) 
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:0
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:2
  • Rotatable Bond Count:0
  • Exact Mass:93.9227471
  • Heavy Atom Count:3
  • Complexity:0

99% *data from raw suppliers

Magnesium Chloride Anhydrous *data from reagent suppliers

Safty Information:
  • Pictogram(s): IrritantXi 
  • Hazard Codes:Xi 
  • Statements: 36/37/38-43-36/37 
  • Safety Statements: 26-36-24/25-22-36/37-39 
MSDS Files:

SDS file from LookChem

Total 1 MSDS from other Authors

  • Chemical Classes:Metals -> Metals, Inorganic Compounds
  • Canonical SMILES:[Mg+2].[Cl-].[Cl-]
  • Inhalation Risk:A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.
  • Effects of Short Term Exposure:The substance is mildly irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract.
  • Uses ▼▲ Industry Application Role/benefit Chemical manufacture Manufacturer of? magnesium metal and other magnesium compounds Source of magnesium Road maintenance Dust control Moisture absorbed from the air prevents dust formation Snow and ice control De-icing agent/helps to prevent the ice bond on the road and to remove ice buildup from road Medicine Treating or preventing magnesium deficiency Source of magnesium/helps to raise magnesium levels in the body Food Tofu Coagulant agent/helps liquid forms of soy to solidify into tofu Baby formula milk Ingredient Gas storage Storage of Hydrogen Gas Storage material/effectively absorbs ammonia which is rich in hydrogen atoms Cement Manufacturer of Sorel cement Raw material/Mixed with hydrated magnesium oxide to form hard material Others Fire extinguishers Effective reactant Paper filling Fire retardant Textile filling Keeps the humidity of cotton to make it soft Fertilizer Source of magnesium Mineral supplement for animals Refrigeration brine and artificial seawater Waste water treatment Effective ingredient Anesthesia for cephalopods, crustaceans and bivalve Anaesthetic Polymerase chain reaction Necessary for both in vivo/vitro DNA synthesis An excellent magnesium ion source for synthesis and biology research Magnesium Chloride is a source of magnesium, a color-retention agent, and firming agent. it exists as colorless flakes or crystals and is very soluble in water. Magnesium chloride is used for a variety of other applications besides the production of Mg metal. It is used in the manufacture of textiles, paper, fireproofing agents, cements and refrigeration brine. It has also been used in dust and erosion control. Mixed with hydrated magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride forms a hard material called “Sorel-cement”. The cement is a mixture of MgO (burnt magnesia) with MgCl2 with the approximate chemical formula Mg4Cl2(OH)6(H2O)8, corresponding to a weight ratio of 2.5–3.5 parts MgO to one part MgCl2. This usage of magnesium chloride is unmatched by any other compound. MgCl2 was one of the earlier antiseptics, first used for that purpose by Dr Pierre Delbert in 1915. One veterinary study in 1989 indicated some effectiveness against tumors when used as a feed additive. A commercial form of liquid MgCl2 called DustGard Liquid is used to control dust on unpaved roads, construction sites and similar surfaces. Because it is produced from naturally occurring minerals, it improves air quality and visibility with minimal environmental impact. It also decreases vehicle maintenance costs, prevents soil erosion and reduces the need for blading, watering and gravel replacement. Magnesium chloride is also used in several medical and topical (skin-related) applications. It has been used in pills as supplemental sources of magnesium, where it serves as a soluble compound which is not as laxative as MgSO4, and more bio-available than Mg(OH)2 and MgO, since it does not require stomach acid to produce soluble Mg2+ ion. It can also be used as an effective anesthetic for cephalopods, some species of crustaceans, and several species of bivalves, including oysters. Magnesium chloride is an important coagulant used in the preparation of “tofu” from soy milk. In Japan, it is sold as “Nigari”, (derived from the Japanese word for “bitter"). It is a white powder produced from seawater after the sodium chloride has been removed, and the water evaporated. In China, it is called "Lushui”,Nigari or Lushui and consists mostly of magnesium chloride, with some MgSO4 and other trace elements. It is also an ingredient in baby formula milk. Magnesium chloride has shown promise as a storage material for hydrogen gas. Ammonia can be effectively adsorbed onto solid magnesium chloride, forming Mg(NH3)6Cl2. When the ammonia is released by mild heat, and is then passed through a catalyst, hydrogen gas is retrieved.
Marketing and Price of Magnesium Chloride
Supply Marketing:Edit
Business phase:
The product has achieved commercial mass production*data from LookChem market partment
Manufacturers and distributors:
  • Manufacture/Brand
  • Chemicals and raw materials
  • Packaging
  • price
  • Usbiological
  • Magnesium Chloride Anhydrous
  • 250g
  • $ 127
  • TRC
  • MagnesiumChlorideAnhydrous
  • 5g
  • $ 50
  • SynQuest Laboratories
  • Magnesium chloride, anhydrous 99%
  • 1 kg
  • $ 80
  • Strem Chemicals
  • Magnesium chloride, 97.5% (H2O - 2% max.)
  • 250g
  • $ 22
  • Strem Chemicals
  • Magnesium chloride, 97.5% (H2O - 2% max.)
  • 1kg
  • $ 49
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Magnesium chloride solution 0.1?M
  • 1 mL
  • $ 64.2
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Magnesium chloride BioReagent, suitable for insect cell culture, ≥97.0%
  • 100g
  • $ 83.6
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Magnesium chloride solution BioUltra, for molecular biology, 2 M in H2O
  • 100ml-f
  • $ 81.6
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Magnesium chloride anhydrous, beads, 10 mesh, 99.9% trace metals basis
  • 10g
  • $ 75.4
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Magnesium chloride solution PCR Reagent, 25 mM MgCI
  • 5ml
  • $ 66.5
Total 285 raw suppliers
Technology Process of Magnesium Chloride

There total 202 articles about Magnesium Chloride which guide to synthetic route it. The literature collected by LookChem mainly comes from the sharing of users and the free literature resources found by Internet computing technology. We keep the original model of the professional version of literature to make it easier and faster for users to retrieve and use. At the same time, we analyze and calculate the most feasible synthesis route with the highest yield for your reference as below:

synthetic route:
Guidance literature:
In melt; melting the starting materials in an evacuated silica ampoule at 900°C for 48 h, cracking the ampoule under Ar;
Guidance literature:
In neat (no solvent); High Pressure; mixed, sealed in autoclave under Ar, heated at 450, 500, 550, and 600 °C for 10 h; washed with water, dried in vac. at 70 °C for 12 h; powder XRD;
Guidance literature:
With water; In neat (no solvent); reduction of dry CaCl2 in H2-atmosphere on calcination with Mg; treatment of the reaction-products with H2O under formation of H2;;
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