Pale amber liquid
This material is used as a catalyst in
Dibutyl phosphate is a pale amber to
brown, odorless liquid.
Moderately toxic by
ingestion. When heated to decomposition it
emits toxic fumes of POx. See also
UN1760 Corrosive liquids, n.o.s., Hazard class: 8;
Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name Required.
UN3261 Corrosive solid, acidic, organic, n.o.s., Hazard
class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name
Dibutyl phosphate is a medium strong
acid. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, per-
oxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine,
fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep
away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids,
oxoacids, and epoxides. Attacks many metals forming flammable and explosive hydrogen gas. Attacks some plas-
tics, rubber, and coatings.
Dibutyl phosphate is an irritant
of the eyes and mucous membranes.
Pale-amber odorless liquid. Mp: -13°C, bp: 135-138°C. Density: 1.06 g cm-3. Moderately soluble in water (18 g / L at 20°C).
Dibutyl phosphate Is non-flammable, but combustible (flash point 188°C). Auto-ignition temperature is 420°C. Emits irritating or toxic fumes in a fire. Is a moderately strong acid obtained by the partial esterification of phosphoric acid. Reacts exothermically and vigorously with bases. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alkali metals, heat, or plastic. Reacts with many metals liberating flammable/explosive hydrogen gas.