Boron trifluoride diethyl ether complex is a stable, highly flammable, colourless to brown fuming, corrosive liquid with a sharp pungent odour. It forms explosive peroxides in contact with air or oxygen. It reacts exothermically with water to form extremely flammable diethyl ether and toxic, corrosive boron trifluoride hydrates. The chemical is incompatible with bases, amines, and alkali metals. It immediately gets hydrolysed by moisture in air to form hydrogen fluoride. Boron trifluoride diethyl ether has applications in chemical laboratory as a catalyst in chemical reactions.
Colorless to brown fuming liquid.
May cause toxic effects if inhaled or ingested/swallowed. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Boron trifluoride etherate is a fuming liquid. Boron trifluoride etherate may be corrosive to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Boron trifluoride etherate may be toxic by inhalation. Upon exposure to water Boron trifluoride etherate may emit flammable and corrosive vapors. Boron trifluoride etherate is used as a catalyst in chemical reactions.
Catalyst in acetylation, alkylation, polymerization, dehydration, and condensation reactions.
See boron trifluoride.
Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
- A catalyst for synthetic rubber, resin, paints, and so on.
- A catalyst for alkylation and condensation reaction in organic synthesis such as polybutadiene, polyoxymethylene, coumarone, synthetic resin, etc.
- A basic ingredient of producing high quality borohydride fuel and extracting the isotope of boron.
- A curing agent for epoxy resin.
- A catalyst of organic synthesis (acetylation, alkylation, polymerization, dehydration and condensation reaction) and a common analytical reagent.
- Boron trifluoride gas, produced by heating the sulfuric acid, calcium fluoride (fluorite) and boric acid together, reacts with ether boron to produce the trifluoride etherate crude product, thus we can refine it to get the finished product. The consumption of raw material is as followed: boric acid (≥98%), 560kg/t; calcium fluoride(≥90%) 1150kg/t; fuming sulfuric acid (104.5%), 4100kg/t; ether(≥99%) 725kg/t.
- In absorption method shown in the chemical equations as followed, diethyl ether absorb boron trifluoride gas, produced by heating the sulfuric acid, calcium fluoride (fluorite) and boric acid together, to produce trifluoride etherate crude complex compound by vacuum distillation.
Colorless to brown fuming liquid
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Fuming liquid, immediately hydrolyzed by moisture in air to form hydrogen fluoride [Merck 11th ed. 1989].