Thiourea appears as white crystal/powder, is combustible, and on contact with fire, gives
off irritating or toxic fumes/gases. Thiourea is a reducing agent used primarily in the production
of bleached recycled pulp. In addition, it is also effective in the bleaching of stone
groundwood, pressurised groundwood. Thiourea undergoes decomposition on heating
and produces toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and sulphur oxides. It reacts violently with
acrolein, strong acids, and strong oxidants. The main application of thiourea is in textile
processing and also is commonly employed as a source of sulphide. Thiourea is a precursor
to sulphide to produce metal sulphides, for example, mercury sulphide, upon reaction
with the metal salt in aqueous solution. The industrial uses of thiourea include production
of flame-retardant resins and vulcanisation accelerators. Thiourea is used as an auxiliary
agent in diazo paper, light-sensitive photocopy paper, and almost all other types
of copy paper. Thiourea is used in many industrial applications, including as a chemical
intermediate or catalyst, in metal processing and plating, and in photoprocessing.
Chaotropic agent; strong denaturant. Increases solubility and recovery of proteins
Used in determination of bismuth.
A questionable carcinogen. May not be
used in food products (FDA); skin irritant (allergenic).
The product is wildly used in pharmaceutical industry, agricultural, chemicals, metallurgical industry, petroleum and so on. It is also main material for producing thiourea dioxide(CH1N2O2S).
white crystals or powder
Thiourea is used as a cleaner agent for silver and cop-
per, and as an antioxidant in diazo copy paper. It can
induce (photo-) contact dermatitis.
Air & Water Reactions
White or off-white crystals or powder. Sinks and mixes with water.
Crystallise thiourea from absolute EtOH, MeOH, acetonitrile or water. Dry it under vacuum over H2SO4 at room temperature. [Beilstein 3 IV 342.]
Poisonous inhaled or swallowed. Irritating to skin; may cause allergic skin eruptions.
Thiocarbamide is a white crystalline material or powder, toxic, carcinogenic. When heated to decomposition Thiocarbamide emits very toxic fumes of oxides of sulfur and oxides of nitrogen. Violent exothermic polymerization reaction with acrylaldehyde (acrolein) [MCA SD-85, 1961], violent decomposition of the reaction product with hydrogen peroxide and nitric acid [Bjorklund G. H. et al., Trans. R. Soc. Can.,1950, 44, p. 28], spontaneous explosion upon grinding with potassium chlorate [Soothill, D., Safety Management, 1992, 8(6), p. 11].
ChEBI: The simplest member of the thiourea class, consisting of urea with the oxygen atom substituted by sulfur.
In animal glue liquifiers and silver tarnish removers. Photographic fixing agent and to remove stains from negatives; manufacture of resins; vulcanization accelerator; a reagent for bismuth, selenite ions.