Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic oxides of nitrogen and flammable vapors may form in fire.
It can be purified as for aniline. Twice-distilled, m-toluidine is converted to the hydrochloride using a slight excess of HCl, and the salt is fractionally crystallised from 25% EtOH (five times), and from distilled water (twice), rejecting, in each case, the first material that crystallised out. The amine is regenerated and distilled as for o-toluidine. The benzoyl derivative has m 125o (from EtOH). [Berliner & May J Am Chem Soc 49 1007 1927, Beilstein 12 H 853, 12 I 397, 12 II 463, 12 III 1949, 12 IV 1813.]
Absorption of toxic quantities by any route causes cyanosis (blue discoloroation of lips, nails, skin); nausea, vomiting, and coma may follow. Repeated inhalation of low concentrations may cause pallor, low-grade secondary anemia, fatigability, and loss of appetite. Contact with eyes causes irritation.
A clear colorless liquid. Flash point below 200°F. Vapors heavier than air. Toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin absorption in high concentrations or under prolonged exposures. Used in the manufacture of organic chemicals. Density about 8 lb / gal.
m-Toluidine neutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. May generate hydrogen, a flammable gas, in combination with strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Can react vigorously with oxidizing reagents. Emits toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen when heated to decomposition [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 1253].