INGESTION (severe cases): nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, weakness progressing to coma.
A violent explosion occurred when lithium aluminum hydride was being used to dry 2-Methoxyethyl ether. The ignition may have occurred due to the presence of large amounts of water or perhaps peroxide formed in the ether. About 75% of the ether had been removed when the explosion occurred, [MCA Case History 1494 (1968)].
Solvent; it is used as reaction medium for Grignard and similar synthesis.
Air & Water Reactions
Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154, 164]. A mixture of liquid air and diethyl ether exploded spontaneously, [MCA Case History 616(1960)]. Water soluble.
2-Methoxyethyl ether is combustible.
ChEBI: A polyether that is the dimethyl ether derivative of diethylene glycol.
Dry diglyme with NaOH pellets or CaH2, then reflux with, and distil (under reduced pressure) it from Na, CaH2, LiAlH4, NaBH4 or NaH. These operations are carried out under N2. The amine-like odour of diglyme has been removed by shaking with a weakly acidic ion-exchange resin (Amberlite IR-120) before drying and distilling. Addition of 0.01% NaBH4 to the distillate inhibits peroxidation. Purify it also as for dioxane. It has been passed through a 12-in column of molecular sieves to remove water and peroxides. [Beilstein 1 IV 2393.]
Solvent; reaction medium for Grignard and similar syntheses.
Colorless clear liquid
Colorless watery liquid with a pleasant odor. Floats and mixes with water.