Paraplatin (Bristol-Myers Squibb).
Analog of Cisplatin with reduced nephrotoxicity. Antineoplastic
Carboplatin (Brand name: Paraplatin) is a kind of chemotherapy medication used for the treatment of a series of cancers. It can be used for the treatment of various kinds of cancers including ovarian cancer, lung cancer, head and neck cancer, brain cancer, and neuroblastoma. Moreover, it may also be used for treating some types of testicular cancer. Carboplatin belongs to a kind of alkylating agent. It takes effect through three major mechanisms: (1) Attach the alkyl groups to the DNA bases, further causing DNA fragmentation so that DNA replication is inhibited; (2) Cause DNA damage through inducing the formation of cross-links which prevents DNA from being separated for synthesis or transcription; (3) Induce mispairing of the nucleotides leading to mutations.
Antitumor agent that forms platinum-DNA adducts. Causes intra- and interstrand DNA crosslinks blocking DNA replication and transcription. Enhances radiation-induced single-strand DNA breakage and displays lower nephrotoxicity than analog cisplatin (cis-Diaminodichloroplatinum ).