Colorless needles or white crystalline solid. Melting point 237°F. Sublimes at 239°F at 5 mm Hg pressure; and at 198°F and 1 mm Hg pressure. Moderately toxic and an irritant.
fine white crystalline solid
Air & Water Reactions
Reacts slowly with water. Insoluble in water.
Crystallise the anhydride from redistilled acetic anhydride or CHCl3, then filter, wash with diethyl ether and dry it in a vacuum. [Beilstein 17 H 606, 17 V 6.]
Flash point data for Succinic anhydride are not available, however, Succinic anhydride is probably combustible.
Succinic anhydride reacts exothermically with water. Reactions are usually slow, but might become violent if local heating accelerates their rate. Acids accelerate the reaction with water. Incompatible with acids, strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, and bases.
It was used in the preparation of covalently cross-linked oxidized-alginate/N-succinyl-chitosan hydrogels, as injectable systems towards tissue engineering.It was also used in preparing functionalized oxide surfaces on a chip.