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High purity L-carnitine with high quality and best price cas:541-15-1
Cas No: 541-15-1
USD $ 30.0-40.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 99999 Kilogram/Year Hangzhou Dingyan Chem Co., Ltd Contact Supplier
L-Carnitine Chinese Manufacture
Cas No: 541-15-1
USD $ 2.0-2.0 / Kilogram 100 Kilogram 500 Metric Ton/Year Antimex Chemical Limied Contact Supplier
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Cas No: 541-15-1
No Data 1 Kilogram 100000 Kilogram/Day Xi'an ZB Biotech Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Burn Fat Faster Pure L-Carnitine Powder 541-15-1
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L-carnitine
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L- Carnitine Weight Loss Steroids Powder Without Side Effects
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Cas No: 541-15-1
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L-Carnitine 50% Feed Grade
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L-Carnitine Base/CAS 541-15-1
Cas No: 541-15-1
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High purity L-Carnitine
Cas No: 541-15-1
No Data 1 Kilogram 15000 Kilogram/Year Siwei Development Group Ltd. Contact Supplier

541-15-1 Usage

Uses

Natrulon(R) RC-100 is 100% L-Carnitine. This white crystalline powder, highly hygroscopic and amino acid like material brings not only the exfoliation but also, an additional benefit of a high level of moisturization capability.

Uses

Carniking(R) is a product for premix- and feed industry. It is particularly recommended for the enrichment of compound feed.

Chemical Properties

White crystalline

Pharmacokinetics

L-Carnitine is very easily soluble in water, and can be entirely absorbed by the human body when consumed through food. It is known that the small intestine absorbs L-carnitine, but there is little known about the specific absorption process of carnitine (free or esterified) through intestine mucosa and about the specific absorption area. Besides external food sources of carnitine, humans can also synthesize carnitine with their own bodies. The liver and kidneys are mainly responsible for synthesizing carnitine. They progress from lysine into epsilon beta hydroxy three methyl lysine, and use aldolase and aldehyde oxidase to transform it into L-carnitine. Besides lysine, the body’s biosynthesis of L-carnitine also requires methionine, vitamin C, nicotinic acid and vitamin B6.
A rat dissection showed that carnitine is most concentrated in the adrenal gland, followed by the heart, bones, muscles, fat tissue, and liver, and the carnitine concentration in the kidneys and brain are 40 times that in blood. Human carnitine concentration has varied greatly due to inconsistencies in measuring method and test subject. The biological method of testing human blood carnitine content placed it between 0.86-2.87mg/100ml, and the enzymology method of testing muscle carnitine content placed it between 0.457-2.479μg/g. The absorbed carnitine is metabolized by the human body and excreted in urine as free carnitine.

Uses

Essential cofactor of fatty acid metabolism; required for the transport of fatty acids through the inner mitochondrial membrane. Synthetized primarily in the liver and kidney; highest concentrations f ound in heart and skeletal muscle. Dietary sources include red meat, dairy products, beans, avocado.

Mechanisms of Action

L-carnitine cannot participate in protein biosynthesis, but it promotes ketone body utilization and nitrogen generation to an extent. Its main function is to promote fatty acid beta oxidation, which occurs in the liver and the mitochondria of other tissue cells. It is known that free fatty acids and acyl coenzyme A cannot penetrate the inner mitochondrial membrane, but acylcarnitine can do so swiftly. Thus, it is determined that L-carnitine is the carrier that transports fatty acid and acyl forms into the mitochondrial membrane. The mechanisms of this transporting process are still unknown, but it is certain that carnitine acyl-CoA transferase is the key enzyme in this process. It has two isoenzymes, one of which is carnitine acyl-CoA transferase I, positioned on the outer side of the membrane. When fatty acid is catalyzed by acyl-CoA-synthatase to produce acyl-CoA, it is transported by carnitine acyl-CoA transferase I into the membrane. After it has entered the membrane, it is catalyzed by the second isoenzyme - carnitine acyl-CoA transferase II – to turned into a form of acyl-CoA that can be directly utilized by fatty acid catabolic enzymes. Afterwards, it releases energy through processes such as dehydrogenation and deoxygenation.
L-carnitine can also adjust the acyl ratio in mitochondria, thus affecting energy metabolism. L-carnitine can participate in the transportation of branched chain amino acid metabolites, which encourages the regular metabolism of branched chain amino acid.

Uses

antimethemoglobinemic, cyanide antidote

Indications and Usage

Carnitine is a type of vitamin B, and its structure is similar to that of amino acids. It is mainly used to help transport long-chain fatty acids to provide energy and to prevent fat from collecting in the heart, liver, and skeletal muscles. Carnitine can prevent disordered fat metabolism due to diabetes, fatty liver disease and heart disease, and it can reduce heart damage, lower blood triglyceride, aid in weight loss, and increase the antioxidant effects of vitamin E and C. Meats and giblets are high in carnitine. Artificially synthesized carnitine includes L-carnitine, D-carnitine, and DL-carnitine, and only L-carnitine has physiological activities. On the other hand, D-carnitine and DL-carnitine competitively inhibit the activity of carnitine acetyltransferase (CAT) and carnitine palmitoyltransferase (PTC) to prevent cells’ fat metabolism, thus harming human nutrition. L-carnitine was first discovered in 1905 by Russian chemists Gulewitsch and Krimberg in infusion broth, and its chemical structure was determined in 1927 by Tomita and Senju. L-carnitine is a white crystalline or transparent powder, and its melting point is 200℃ (decompose). It is easily soluble in water, lye, methanol and ethanol, barely soluble in acetone and acetate, and insoluble in chloroform. It is hygroscopic. L-carnitine can be used as an animal nutrition enhancer, and it is mainly used to enhance protein-based food additives to promote fat absorption and utilization. L-carnitine also is a nutrition enhancer that is mainly used in soy-based infant foods, sports nutritional foods and weight loss foods to promote fat absorption and utilization. According to China’s regulations, the permitted amount in biscuits, drinks, and dairy beverages is 600-3000mg/kg; in solid beverages, liquids, and gel capsules, 250-600mg/kg; in formula, 300-400mg/kg; in infant foods, 70-90mg/kg (1g tartrate is equivalent to 0.68g l-carnitine). L-carnitine can also be used as an appetite booster. L-carnitine affects the elimination and utilization of ketone bodies, so it can be used as a biological antioxidant to eliminate free radicals, maintain membrane stability, increase animal immunity and resistance to disease and stress. Oral L-carnitine can increase the speed of sperm maturation and sperm vitality, it can increase the number of forward-moving sperm and motile sperm in oligospermia and asthenospermia patients, thus increasing the women’s clinical pregnancy rate, and it does so safely and effectively. L-carnitine can bind with organic acids and the large amounts of acyl coenzyme derivatives produced in children with fatty acid metabolism disorder and turn them into water soluble acylcarnitine to be excreted through urine. This not only aids in controlling acute acidosis occurrences, but also effectively improves long-term prognosis.

Purification Methods

The S(L) isomer is levocarnitine, Vitamin B7. The R or S isomers crystallise from EtOH/Me2CO (hygroscopic). The R or S hydrochlorides crystallise from hot EtOH or EtOH/Et2O and have m 142o(dec). The RS-isomer crystallises from hot EtOH (hygroscopic). The RS hydrochloride crystallises in needles from hot EtOH and has m 196o(dec). [(±) Mazzetti & Lemmon J Org Chem 22 228 1957, Beilstein 4 H 513, 4 I 548, 4 II 937-8, 4 III 1632-5, 4 IV 3185.]

Uses

L-Carnitine is a natural, vitamin-like nutrient wich plays an important role inhuman metabolism. It is essential in the utilization of fatty acids and in transporting metabolic energy

Uses

Natrulon(R) RC-50DG is a 50% solution of L-Carnitine in decaglycerol/water. Natrulon(R) RC-50DG to provide a truly multi-functional product: an exfoliating product with excellent moisturization capability.

Brand name

Carni tor (Sigma-Tau).

Definition

ChEBI: The (R)-enantiomer of carnitine.
InChI:InChI=1/C7H15NO3/c1-8(2,3)5-6(9)4-7(10)11/h6,9H,4-5H2,1-3H3/t6-/m1/s1

541-15-1 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
USP (1359903)  Levocarnitine  United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 541-15-1 1359903-400MG 4,662.45CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (L0399900)  Levocarnitine  European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard 541-15-1 L0399900 1,880.19CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17618)  L-Carnitine, 99+%    541-15-1 250g 13416.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17618)  L-Carnitine, 99+%    541-15-1 50g 3319.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17618)  L-Carnitine, 99+%    541-15-1 10g 830.0CNY Detail
TCI America (C0049)  L-Carnitine  >98.0%(T) 541-15-1 25g 1,100.00CNY Detail
TCI America (C0049)  L-Carnitine  >98.0%(T) 541-15-1 5g 350.00CNY Detail

541-15-1SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name (R)-carnitine

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names L-(-)-Carnitine

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:541-15-1 SDS

541-15-1Synthetic route

(R)-(-)-carnitinamide chloride
5261-99-4, 6490-19-3, 6490-20-6, 67942-00-1

(R)-(-)-carnitinamide chloride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: (R)-(-)-carnitinamide chloride With hydrogenchloride; water at 80℃; for 8h;
Stage #2: With sodium hydroxide In water Product distribution / selectivity;
99.4%
(R)-Carnitin-Lacton

(R)-Carnitin-Lacton

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Amberlite IRA-402; sodium hydrogencarbonate for 24h; Ambient temperature;99%
With sodium hydrogencarbonate In water for 20h; Ambient temperature; Yield given;
ethyl (L)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate
10488-69-4, 86728-85-0, 87068-18-6, 90866-33-4

ethyl (L)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate

trimethylamine
75-50-3

trimethylamine

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride; sodium hydroxide In water at 15℃; under 4500.45 Torr; for 0.13h; Temperature; Pressure;97.6%
With sodium hydroxide In water at -5 - 20℃; for 13h; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature;88.4%
With sodium hydroxide In water at 0℃; for 3h; Product distribution / selectivity;75%
Stage #1: ethyl (L)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate; trimethylamine In water at 80 - 90℃; for 3h;
Stage #2: With hydrogenchloride; water at 80 - 90℃; for 2h;
Stage #3: In water
43%
With water; sodium hydroxide at 0℃; Green chemistry;8.9 g
Toluene-4-sulfonate((R)-3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-propyl)-trimethyl-ammonium;
133039-08-4

Toluene-4-sulfonate((R)-3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-propyl)-trimethyl-ammonium;

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
by ion exchange;95%
(2R)-(-)-3-cyano-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride
2788-28-5

(2R)-(-)-3-cyano-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride at 50 - 75℃; for 6h;93%
With hydrogenchloride In methanol at 65℃; for 2h;82.3%
Stage #1: (2R)-(-)-3-cyano-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride With hydrogenchloride; water at 70 - 80℃; for 5h;
Stage #2: With ammonia at 20℃; Product distribution / selectivity;
75.4%
CARNITINE
461-06-3

CARNITINE

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethanol; acetone at 20 - 65℃; Purification / work up; Resolution of enantiomers;88.6%
(R)-(-)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
95574-97-3

(R)-(-)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoic acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol at 45℃; for 10h;85.3%
(R)-(3-ethoxycarbonyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-trimethyl-ammonium; chloride
40915-13-7

(R)-(3-ethoxycarbonyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-trimethyl-ammonium; chloride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide for 10h; Time; Reflux;81.6%
(2R)-(3-cyano-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(2R)-(3-cyano-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium bromide

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride at 90℃; for 4h; Hydrolysis;80%
(S)-3-nitriloxy-carnitine nitrate

(S)-3-nitriloxy-carnitine nitrate

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydrogencarbonate In water at 80℃; for 9h;70.2%
With sodium hydrogencarbonate In water at 60 - 80℃; for 8 - 66h;n/a
With sodium hydrogencarbonate In water at 60℃; for 66h;n/a
With potassium hydrogencarbonate In water at 80℃; for 8h;
methanesulfonyl D-carnitine

methanesulfonyl D-carnitine

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With CH3SO3H In water66%
5-amino-3,5-dideoxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-L-threo-pentonic acid
139714-48-0

5-amino-3,5-dideoxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-L-threo-pentonic acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium permanganate; sulfuric acid62%
chlorosuccinic anhydride
1192-71-8

chlorosuccinic anhydride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: chlorosuccinic anhydride With sodium tetrahydroborate In tetrahydrofuran at 0℃; for 8h;
Stage #2: With sodium hydroxide In tetrahydrofuran; water
Stage #3: With hydrogenchloride; trimethylamine more than 3 stages;
60.4%
N,N,N-trimethyl-1-amino-1,3-dideoxy-D-xylo-hexitol iodide
139714-44-6

N,N,N-trimethyl-1-amino-1,3-dideoxy-D-xylo-hexitol iodide

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium permanganate; sulfuric acid for 0.166667h;58%
sodium (R)-3,4-epoxybutyrate

sodium (R)-3,4-epoxybutyrate

triethylamine
121-44-8

triethylamine

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water at 45℃; for 2h;55%
1-methyl hydrogen 2-chlorosuccinate

1-methyl hydrogen 2-chlorosuccinate

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With lithium borohydride at -15℃; for 22h;55%
dimethyl (2R)-chlorobutanedioate
111618-88-3

dimethyl (2R)-chlorobutanedioate

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With lithium borohydride at -15℃; for 22h;53%
(R)-(+)-4-bromo-3-hydroxybutyric acid ethyl ester
95310-94-4, 32224-01-4, 95537-36-3, 128052-98-2

(R)-(+)-4-bromo-3-hydroxybutyric acid ethyl ester

trimethylamine
75-50-3

trimethylamine

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
50%
With water; potassium hydroxide at 0℃; Green chemistry;10 g
(2S)-chlorobutanedioic acid
4198-33-8

(2S)-chlorobutanedioic acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: (2S)-chlorobutanedioic acid With borane-THF at -15℃; for 22h;
Stage #2: In water for 3h;
Stage #3: With sodium hydroxide; trimethylamine more than 3 stages;
50%
2-chlorosuccinoyldichloride

2-chlorosuccinoyldichloride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium tetrahydroborate at -15℃; for 22h;45%
(S)-methane-sulphonyloxysuccinic Acid

(S)-methane-sulphonyloxysuccinic Acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With borane-THF at -15℃; for 22h;40%
(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid heptyl ester

(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid heptyl ester

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trimethylamine
(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid octyl ester
90835-93-1

(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid octyl ester

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trimethylamine
(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid benzyl ester
90835-94-2

(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid benzyl ester

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trimethylamine
(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid phenethyl ester

(R)-4-Bromo-3-hydroxy-butyric acid phenethyl ester

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trimethylamine
(R)-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxycarbonyl-propyl)-trimethyl-ammonium; chloride
61809-71-0

(R)-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxycarbonyl-propyl)-trimethyl-ammonium; chloride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
acid hydrolysis;
(R)-3-Acetoxy-4-bromo-butyric acid ethyl ester
95310-93-3

(R)-3-Acetoxy-4-bromo-butyric acid ethyl ester

trimethylamine
75-50-3

trimethylamine

A

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

B

(E)-4-(trimethylammonio)but-2-enoate
6778-30-9

(E)-4-(trimethylammonio)but-2-enoate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water
(R)-norcarnitine
172585-00-1

(R)-norcarnitine

methyl iodide
74-88-4

methyl iodide

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With silver(l) oxide 1.) acetone, RT, 18 h, 2.) methanol, water, RT, 18 h; Yield given. Multistep reaction;
((R)-2-Hydroxy-pent-4-enyl)-trimethyl-ammonium; hydroxide

((R)-2-Hydroxy-pent-4-enyl)-trimethyl-ammonium; hydroxide

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dihydrogen peroxide; ozone; acetic acid 1.) RT, 1 h, 2.) 70 deg C, 24 h; Yield given. Multistep reaction;
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L(-)-carnitine acid fumarate

L(-)-carnitine acid fumarate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (2E)-but-2-enedioic acid In water at 110 - 120℃; for 0.0166667 - 0.0333333h;100%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L-carnitine tartrate

L-carnitine tartrate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With L-Tartaric acid In water100%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

[3H]-Phytic acid

[3H]-Phytic acid

L-carnitine phytate

L-carnitine phytate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water at 20℃; pH=~ 4;100%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate

myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate

L-carnitine phytate

L-carnitine phytate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water at 20℃; for 0.583333h;100%
nicotinic acid
59-67-6

nicotinic acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

(R)-3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylpropan-1-aminium nicotinate

(R)-3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylpropan-1-aminium nicotinate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water for 0.166667h; pH=Ca. 3.3 - 3.9; Cooling with ice;100%
1-Bromotetradecane
112-71-0

1-Bromotetradecane

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

(4-tetradecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(4-tetradecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 80℃; for 24h;99%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L-ornithine hydrochloride
3184-13-2

L-ornithine hydrochloride

acetyl L-carnitine L-ornithate dihydrochloride

acetyl L-carnitine L-ornithate dihydrochloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water at 40℃;96%
orotic acid
65-86-1

orotic acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L-carnitine oroate

L-carnitine oroate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water; acetone for 5h; Solvent; Reflux;96%
n-dodecanoyl chloride
112-16-3

n-dodecanoyl chloride

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

lauroyl-L-carnitine hydrochloride

lauroyl-L-carnitine hydrochloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With acetic acid at 70℃; for 8h; Temperature;95.8%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

Creatinine
57-00-1

Creatinine

L-carnitine creatinate phosphate

L-carnitine creatinate phosphate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With phosphoric acid In 2-methyl-propan-1-ol; water at 40℃;95%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate
81-04-9

naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate

L-carnitine 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonate

L-carnitine 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water; isopropyl alcohol at 20 - 25℃; for 2h; Solvent; Temperature;95%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

1-dodecylbromide
143-15-7

1-dodecylbromide

(4-dodecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(4-dodecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 80℃; for 24h;95%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

hexadecanyl bromide
112-82-3

hexadecanyl bromide

(4-hexadecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(4-hexadecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 80℃; for 72h;95%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

1-Bromooctadecane
112-89-0

1-Bromooctadecane

(4-octadecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(4-octadecyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 80℃; for 72h;95%
silver tetrafluoroborate
14104-20-2

silver tetrafluoroborate

(1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexanedichloroplatinum(II)
61848-66-6

(1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexanedichloroplatinum(II)

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

[Pt(L-carnitine-O)2((1R,2R)-(-)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane)2](BF4)2

[Pt(L-carnitine-O)2((1R,2R)-(-)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane)2](BF4)2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: silver tetrafluoroborate; (1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexanedichloroplatinum(II) In water for 0.166667h;
Stage #2: L-carnitine In water for 24h;
94%
3-acetyl-2-hydroxybenzoic acid
67127-78-0

3-acetyl-2-hydroxybenzoic acid

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L-carnitine acetylsalicylate

L-carnitine acetylsalicylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethanol93%
1-bromo dodecane
112-29-8

1-bromo dodecane

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

(4-decyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(4-decyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 80℃; for 16h;93%
silver tetrafluoroborate
14104-20-2

silver tetrafluoroborate

(1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexanedichloroplatinum(II)
61848-66-6

(1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexanedichloroplatinum(II)

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

[PtCl(L-carnitine-O)((1R,2R)-(-)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane)]BF4

[PtCl(L-carnitine-O)((1R,2R)-(-)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane)]BF4

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: silver tetrafluoroborate; (1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexanedichloroplatinum(II) In water for 0.166667h;
Stage #2: L-carnitine In water for 24h;
92%
1-bromo-octane
111-83-1

1-bromo-octane

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

(4-octyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

(4-octyloxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutyl)trimethylammonium bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 80℃; for 16h;92%
cannabidivarin
24274-48-4

cannabidivarin

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

C19H26O2*C7H15NO3

C19H26O2*C7H15NO3

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In isopropyl alcohol at 20℃;91%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

propionic acid anhydride
123-62-6

propionic acid anhydride

propionyl-L-carnitine nitrate

propionyl-L-carnitine nitrate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: L-carnitine; propionic acid anhydride With pyridine; potassium hydroxide at 80℃; for 1h;
Stage #2: With nitric acid at 30℃; for 2h;
90.3%
calcium acetate
62-54-4

calcium acetate

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L-carnitine calcium acetate

L-carnitine calcium acetate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water for 2h;90%
calcium hydroxide

calcium hydroxide

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

butyric acid
107-92-6

butyric acid

L-carnitine calcium butyrate

L-carnitine calcium butyrate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; water at 20℃; for 4.25h;90%
calcium propionate
4075-81-4

calcium propionate

L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

L-carnitine calcium propionate

L-carnitine calcium propionate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water for 0.25h;90%
L-carnitine
541-15-1

L-carnitine

5-(4-aminophenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin
67605-64-5

5-(4-aminophenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin

5-(3-hydroxy-p-(4-trimethylammonium)butoxyphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin chlorine

5-(3-hydroxy-p-(4-trimethylammonium)butoxyphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin chlorine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: L-carnitine With 1-hydroxy-7-aza-benzotriazole; 1-ethyl-(3-(3-dimethylamino)propyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride In ethanol; dichloromethane at 20℃; for 0.5h;
Stage #2: 5-(4-aminophenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin With triethylamine In ethanol; dichloromethane for 4h;
89%

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