Forwand, S. A., et al. "Effect of acetazolamide on acute mountain sickness." New England Journal of Medicine279.16(1968):839.
Cox, S. N., E. Hay, and A. C. Bird. "Treatment of chronic macular edema with acetazolamide." Archives of Ophthalmology 106.9(1988):1190.
Supuran, Claudiu T. "Acetazolamide for the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension." Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics15.8(2015):851.
Kassamali, R, and D. A. Sica. "Acetazolamide: a forgotten diuretic agent." Cardiology in Review 19.6(2011):276.
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A weak acid and a diazo derivative. Azo, diazo, azido compounds can detonate. This applies in particular to organic azides that have been sensitized by the addition of metal salts or strong acids. Toxic gases are formed by mixing materials of this class with acids, aldehydes, amides, carbamates, cyanides, inorganic fluorides, halogenated organics, isocyanates, ketones, metals, nitrides, peroxides, phenols, epoxides, acyl halides, and strong oxidizing or reducing agents. Flammable gases are formed by mixing materials in this group with alkali metals. Explosive combination can occur with strong oxidizing agents, metal salts, peroxides, and sulfides.
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, diuretic, antiglaucoma
Flash point data for Acetazolamide are not available; however, Acetazolamide is probably combustible.
It is recrystallised from water. [Roblin & Clapp J Am Chem Soc 72 4890 1950, Beilstein 27 III/IV 8219.]
White to yellowish-white fine crystalline powder. No odor or taste.
Acetazolamide is a drug used for the treatment of glaucoma,epilepsy,altitude sickness,periodic paralysis, chronic macular edema, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, andheart failure. It can also been used for the treatment of altitude sickness, increased intracranial pressure and neuromuscular disorders. In addition, it also has significant effect of diuretic. It belongs to the carbonic anhydrase inhibitorfamilies of medication. It works by decreasing the amount ofhydrogen ionsandbicarbonatein the body.
Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble in water.