Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.
CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID
The ester is freed from peroxides by standing with crystalline ferrous ammonium sulfate, then washed with 5% NaHCO3, followed by saturated CaCl2 solution. Dry it with Na2SO4 and fractionally distil it in an all-glass apparatus. FLAMMABLE LIQUID. [Beilstein 2 H 136, 2 IV 180.]
Allyl acetate is an ester. Reacts with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Generates heat with strong oxidizing acids. The reaction may be sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Also generates heat with basic solutions. Generates flammable hydrogen with alkali metals and hydrides. Emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes when heated to decomposition.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
TOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with some of these materials will irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
A liquid. Insoluble in water and slightly less dense than water. Hence floats on water. Flash point below 75°F. Poisonous by ingestion and moderately toxic by inhalation and skin contact. Irritating to skin and eyes.