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107-21-1

Basic Information
CAS No.: 107-21-1
Name: Ethylene glycol
Molecular Structure:
Molecular Structure of 107-21-1 (Ethylene glycol)
Formula: C2H6O2
Molecular Weight: 62.07
Synonyms: Glycol;Norkool;Ethylene dihydrate;1,2-Dihydroxyethane;Monoethylene glycol;146AR;M.e.g.;Ethylenglykol;Monoethylenglykol tech.;Ethyleneglycol;Glycol alcohol;Ethylene alcohol;Tescol;ethanediol;Ethane-1,2-diol;Athylenglykol;2-hydroxyethanol;Lutrol 9;LUTROL-9;Ethylene glycol-D6;Zerex;Dowtherm SR 1;Fridex;Ucar 17;1,2-Ethanediol;
EINECS: 203-473-3
Density: 1.097 g/cm3
Melting Point: -13 °C
Boiling Point: 197.5 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point: 108.2 °C
Solubility: miscible with water
Appearance: clear, colorless syrupy liquid
Hazard Symbols: HarmfulXn
Risk Codes: 22-36
Safety: 26
Transport Information: UN 1219 3/PG 2
PSA: 40.46000
LogP: -1.02900
Synthetic route
96-49-1

[1,3]-dioxolan-2-one

A

67-56-1

methanol

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 1,1′-(pyridine-2,6-diylbis(methylene))bis(3-butylimidazolium) dibromide; carbonylchlorohydridobis(tricyclohexylphosphine)ruthenium(II); potassium tert-butylate; hydrogen In 1,4-dioxane at 130℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 12h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure; Autoclave;A 39%
B 100%
With hydrogen In 1,4-dioxane at 250℃; under 30003 Torr; for 4h; Temperature; Solvent; Reagent/catalyst; Flow reactor;A 93%
B 99%
With C24H38Cl2N3PRu; hydrogen; sodium methylate In tetrahydrofuran at 25℃; under 38002.6 Torr; for 16h; Autoclave;A 99 %Chromat.
B 95%
96-49-1

[1,3]-dioxolan-2-one

67-56-1

methanol

A

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

B

616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
anion exchanging resin at 80.4 - 98℃; for 6h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 99%
B 99.7%
potassium hydroxide In water at 98℃; under 838.584 Torr; for 500 - 6000h; Product distribution / selectivity; Heating / reflux;A n/a
B 99.88%
potassium hydroxide at 98 - 130℃; under 784.578 - 838.584 Torr; for 500 - 6000h; Product distribution / selectivity; Heating / reflux;A n/a
B 99.99%
96-49-1

[1,3]-dioxolan-2-one

67-56-1

methanol

A

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

B

616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

C

111-46-6

diethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
potassium hydroxide at 63.8 - 98℃; for 6.7h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 99.1%
B 99.8%
C n/a
sodium hydroxide at 49.8 - 56.2℃; under 342.034 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity; Industry scale;A 91.3%
B 91.3%
C n/a
potassium hydroxide at 47 - 56℃; under 228.023 - 342.034 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity; Industry scale;A 90.5%
B 90.5%
C n/a
at 55.9 - 56℃; under 342.034 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity; Industry scale;A 38.9%
B 38.9%
C n/a
31637-97-5

ETOFIBRATE

A

59-67-6

nicotinic acid

B

882-09-7

Clofibric acid

C

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride; [RuCl2(CO)2(Ph2P-3-C6H4COOH)2] In methanol; water at 75℃; for 0.333333h;A 99.1%
B n/a
C n/a
75-21-8

oxirane

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C19H21N2(1+)*CHO2(1-); water at 110℃; under 15001.5 Torr; for 0.5h; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Autoclave; Inert atmosphere;99%
With water at 98℃; under 9000.9 Torr; Reagent/catalyst;95%
With water at 94℃; Kinetics; Concentration; Temperature; Autoclave;87.2%
96-49-1

[1,3]-dioxolan-2-one

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With [carbonylchlorohydrido{bis[2-(diphenylphosphinomethyl)ethyl]amino}ethylamino] ruthenium(II); potassium tert-butylate; hydrogen In tetrahydrofuran at 140℃; under 38002.6 Torr; for 0.5h; Time; Pressure; Autoclave;99%
In water at 250℃; for 2h; Temperature; Sealed tube; Inert atmosphere;99%
With potassium tert-butylate; hydrogen; C16H18BrCoINO2 In dibutyl ether at 160℃; under 45004.5 Torr; for 20h; Sealed tube; Autoclave;92%

C34H42O2Si2

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With methanol; bromine for 0.5h; Heating;99%
497-26-7

2-methyl-1,3-dioxolane

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water under 76.0051 - 760.051 Torr; Reflux;99%
With water; silica gel In neat (no solvent) at 150℃; under 1147.61 Torr; for 24h; Autoclave;10%
5694-68-8

2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-dioxolane

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; palladium on activated charcoal In water at 160℃; under 103430 Torr; for 4h;98.3%
6315-52-2

1,2-bis-tosyloxyethane

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With cerium(III) chloride; sodium iodide In acetonitrile for 2h; tosylate cleavage; Heating;98%
553-90-2

Dimethyl oxalate

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In methanol at 179.84℃; under 18751.9 Torr;98%
With C24H38Cl2N3PRu; hydrogen; sodium methylate In isopropyl alcohol at 100℃; under 38002.6 Torr; for 2h; Autoclave;97%
With C24H38Cl2N3PRu; hydrogen; sodium methylate In isopropyl alcohol at 100℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 2h;97%
polyethylene terephthalate

polyethylene terephthalate

A

10028-70-3

disodium terephthalate

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In octanol at 183℃; for 0.0833333h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 98%
B n/a
With sodium hydroxide In hexan-1-ol at 147℃; for 0.25h; Product distribution / selectivity;
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 5% active carbon-supported ruthenium; water; hydrogen at 60℃; under 22502.3 Torr; for 3h; Autoclave;98%
With 5% active carbon-supported ruthenium; hydrogen In water at 80℃; under 67506.8 Torr; for 3h; Temperature; Pressure; Autoclave;98%
141-46-8

Glycolaldehyde

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tributylphosphine; carbon monoxide; hydrogen; acetylacetonatodicarbonylrhodium(l) In various solvent(s) at 80℃; under 73505.8 Torr; for 1h; Product distribution; other solvent (DMI); other reactn. time; other catalysts;97%
With hydrogen; nickel In water at 40℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 15h;90%
durch Einw.gaerender Hefe;
96-35-5

glycolic acid methyl ester

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C24H38Cl2N3PRu; hydrogen; sodium methylate In isopropyl alcohol at 100℃; under 38002.6 Torr; for 2h; Autoclave;97%
With C24H38Cl2N3PRu; hydrogen; sodium methylate In isopropyl alcohol at 100℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 2h;97%
With sodium tetrahydroborate In diethylene glycol dimethyl ether at 32 - 35℃; for 2h;89%
polyethylene terephthalate

polyethylene terephthalate

A

100-21-0

terephthalic acid

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: polyethylene terephthalate With sodium hydroxide In propan-1-ol at 89℃; for 0.25h;
Stage #2: With hydrogenchloride In propan-1-ol; water Product distribution / selectivity;
A 96%
B n/a
67-56-1

methanol

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
mercury Irradiation;95%
In water for 200h; Solvent; Reagent/catalyst; Wavelength; Inert atmosphere; Irradiation; Green chemistry;55%
With mercury Heating; Irradiation;97 % Chromat.
2403-50-1

2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dioxolane

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydrogen sulfate; silica gel In dichloromethane; isopropyl alcohol at 20℃; for 2h;95%
56-81-5

glycerol

A

57-55-6

propylene glycol

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In isopropyl alcohol at 180℃; under 3750.38 Torr; for 24h; Inert atmosphere; Autoclave;A 94%
B 6%
With water; hydrogen; alumina, 27%; copper, 5%; copper oxide, 64%; lanthanum oxide, 5%; mixture of In methanol at 297℃; under 37503.8 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity;A 86.2%
B 8.8%
With Ru-Cu/TMG-BEN at 230℃; under 60006 Torr; for 18h; Autoclave;A 85%
B n/a
502-97-6

glycolide

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; copper(II) oxide; zinc at 250℃; for 2.5h; Reagent/catalyst; Inert atmosphere; Autoclave;94%
With [RuH(CO)(BPy-tPNN*)]; hydrogen In tetrahydrofuran at 110℃; under 7600.51 Torr; for 48h; Inert atmosphere;93 %Chromat.
67-56-1

methanol

106729-72-0

(2-hydroxyethyl) methyl carbonate

A

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

B

616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With film supported Penicillium expansum at 60℃; for 48h; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Temperature; Time; Enzymatic reaction;A 93%
B 93%
96-48-0

4-butanolide

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C24H38Cl2N3PRu; hydrogen; sodium methylate In tetrahydrofuran at 25℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 16h;93%
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In water at 119.84℃; under 7500.75 - 60006 Torr; for 2h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave; Sealed tube;92%
With ruthenium(IV) oxide; water at 150℃; under 478080 - 570018 Torr; Hydrogenation;
With water; pyrographite; ruthenium at 150℃; under 478080 - 570018 Torr; Hydrogenation;
With hydrogen; toluene-4-sulfonic acid; tris(2,4-pentanedionato)ruthenium(III); [2-((diphenylphospino)methyl)-2-methyl-1,3-propanediyl]bis[diphenylphosphine] In methanol at 200℃; under 12751.3 - 103510 Torr; for 3h; Product distribution / selectivity;
With hydrogen; toluene-4-sulfonic acid; tris(2,4-pentanedionato)ruthenium(III); [2-((diphenylphospino)methyl)-2-methyl-1,3-propanediyl]bis[diphenylphosphine] In ethylene glycol at 200℃; under 12751.3 - 103510 Torr; for 3h; Product distribution / selectivity;
553-90-2

Dimethyl oxalate

67-56-1

methanol

A

96-35-5

glycolic acid methyl ester

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen at 199.84℃; under 22502.3 Torr; Reagent/catalyst;A 90.6%
B n/a
75-21-8

oxirane

96-49-1

[1,3]-dioxolan-2-one

62-53-3

aniline

A

703-56-0

N-phenyl-2-oxazolidinone

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolim bromide; 3-butyl-1-methylimidazolium acetate at 140℃; for 9h;A 90%
B 90%
492-62-6

alpha-D-glucopyranose

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: alpha-D-glucopyranose In water Pyrolysis;
Stage #2: With 5% active carbon-supported ruthenium; hydrogen at 80℃; under 67506.8 Torr; for 6h; Pressure; Autoclave;
88.8%
With 1% Ru/SiO2; hydrogen In water at 195℃; under 22502.3 - 63756.4 Torr; Inert atmosphere;
67-56-1

methanol

78-78-4

methylbutane

A

5171-84-6

3,3,4,4-Tetramethylhexan

B

19550-30-2, 20281-85-0

2,3-dimethylbutanol

C

1185-33-7

2,2-Dimethyl-1-butanol

D

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With mercury for 17h; Product distribution; Mechanism; Heating; Irradiation; other alkanes; selectivity of cross-dimerization, relative reactivities in cross-dimerizations;A n/a
B 11%
C 88%
D n/a
With mercury for 17h; Heating; Irradiation;A n/a
B 11%
C 88%
D n/a
553-90-2

Dimethyl oxalate

A

96-35-5

glycolic acid methyl ester

B

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C32H32Cl2N2P2Ru; hydrogen; sodium methylate In para-xylene; toluene at 5 - 100℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 4h; Reagent/catalyst; Glovebox;A 86%
B 13%
With hydrogen In methanol at 219.84℃; under 18751.9 Torr; Autoclave;A 76%
B n/a
With hydrogen In methanol at 219.84℃; under 18751.9 Torr; Autoclave;A 31%
B n/a
96-49-1

[1,3]-dioxolan-2-one

A

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

B

616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium carbonate In methanol at 169.84℃; for 1h; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave;A n/a
B 86%
With polystyrene resin bound methylimidazole hydroxyl ionic liquid catalyst In methanol at 80℃; for 8h; Catalytic behavior; Temperature; Ionic liquid;
With 2,6-di(isopropyl)pyridine In methanol at 90℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 10h; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent; Inert atmosphere;
120-57-0

piperonal

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

4405-18-9

5-[1,3]dioxolan-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxole

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 3h; Heating;100%
With sodium hydrogen sulfate; silica gel for 0.1h; Etherification; Acetalization; microwave irradiation;84%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid at 120℃; for 0.5h;59%
108-94-1

cyclohexanone

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

177-10-6

1,3-dioxolane-2-spirocyclohexane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With zeolite HSZ-360 In toluene for 3h; Heating;100%
With [Al(H2O)6][MS]3 In cyclohexane for 0.833333h; Reagent/catalyst; Dean-Stark; Reflux;100%
With AgOTf and (3-(3,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)phenyl)-pyridine) In toluene for 12h; Reflux;99%
108-24-7

acetic anhydride

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

111-55-7

ethylene glycol diacetate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With H-Y zeolite at 60℃; for 2h;100%
With sodium hydroxide for 0.0194444h; microwave irradiation;99%
With SiO2-supported Co(II) Salen complex catalyst at 50℃; for 0.833333h;99%
99-90-1

para-bromoacetophenone

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

4360-68-3

2-(4-bromophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 39h; Heating;100%
With p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate In benzene for 50h; Inert atmosphere; Reflux; Dean-Stark;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene at 160℃; for 16h; Dean-Stark; Inert atmosphere;99%
555-16-8

4-nitrobenzaldehdye

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

2403-53-4

2-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene at 143℃; for 2h; Dean-Stark;100%
With cyclohexane at 105℃; for 1h; Dean-Stark;100%
With p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate In toluene for 4h; Reflux;100%
100-52-7

benzaldehyde

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

936-51-6

2-phenyl-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
aluminum oxide In tetrachloromethane for 24h; Heating; other catalyst: SiO2;100%
With monoaluminum phosphate In acetonitrile for 1.7h; Heating;100%
With monoaluminum phosphate In acetonitrile for 1.7h; Product distribution; Heating; reaction rate; other aldehydes, other heterogeneous catalysts system, var. reaction time, solvent and amount of reagents;100%
6317-49-3

4-oxopimelate

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

19719-88-1

ethyl 3-<2-<2-(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl><1,3>dioxolan-2-yl>propionate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate In toluene for 2h; Reflux;100%
With pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate In toluene for 15h; Inert atmosphere; Reflux;99%
With pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate In toluene for 22h; Reflux; Dean-Stark;90%
123-19-3

4-heptanone

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

41329-93-5

2,2-dipropyl-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 24h; Reflux;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene Reflux; Dean-Stark;47%
With sulfuric acid; sodium sulfate
3884-71-7

bromo-5-pentanone-2

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

24400-75-7

ethylene-cetal de la bromo-5 pentanone-2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid; orthoformic acid triethyl ester at 20℃; for 25h;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid; orthoformic acid triethyl ester98%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 5h; Heating;96%
140-10-3

(E)-3-phenylacrylic acid

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

146604-63-9

2-hydroxyethyl 3-(phenyl)-2-propenoate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sulfuric acid In toluene Heating;100%
at 210℃;
53-43-0

dehydroepiandrosterone

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

7745-40-6, 14456-21-4

3β-hydroxy-17,17-ethylenedioxo-5-androstene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With camphor-10-sulfonic acid In toluene at 111℃;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 4.5h; Heating;99%
With camphor-10-sulfonic acid In cyclohexane for 20h; Reflux;99%
516-55-2

isopregnanolone

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

2124-26-7, 14615-04-4, 14957-69-8, 18000-89-0, 18125-29-6, 95670-99-8, 126451-96-5

(3β,5α)-3-hydroxypregnan-20-one 1,2-ethanediyl acetal

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid; trimethyl orthoformate In dichloromethane at 20℃;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid; trimethyl orthoformate In dichloromethane at 20℃;95%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene for 12h; Reflux; Dean-Stark;74%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid; benzene
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

64-19-7

acetic acid

111-55-7

ethylene glycol diacetate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
zirconium(IV) oxide at 180℃; for 2h; in autoclave;100%
With 1-(3-sulfonic acid)propylimidazole bisulfate ([Ps-im]HSO4) supported silica In cyclohexane at 150℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 5h; Pressure; Temperature; Time;99.61%
With sulfonated charcoal In benzene for 5h; Heating;95%
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

66-25-1

hexanal

3515-94-4

2-pentyl-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
distannoxane 1a In benzene for 0.5h; Mechanism; Product distribution; Heating; other distannoxane catalysts, other aldehydes, other alcohol, other solvents, other reaction times;100%
With 9.0 wt% H4[SiW12O40] on SiO2 In neat (no solvent) at 60℃; for 6h; Reagent/catalyst; chemoselective reaction;99%
With Kaolinitic clay In benzene for 2h; Heating;90%
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

1122-91-4

4-bromo-benzaldehyde

10602-01-4

p-bromobenzaldehyde 1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene at 100 - 110℃; for 5h;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene at 110℃; for 12h;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene Reflux;98%
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

3741-33-1

2-chloro-[1,3,2]dioxarsolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dichloro(2-chlorovinyl)arsine100%
With arsenic trichloride In tetrachloromethane at 15 - 20℃; for 1h;57%
With pyridine; diethyl ether; arsenic trichloride
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

14849-23-1

1,2-bis(1,3,2-dioxaarsolan-2-yloxy)ethane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With arsenous acid triisobutyl ester100%
With arsenic trichloride at 40 - 70℃;66%
With arsenic(III) trioxide at 140℃;
110-91-8

morpholine

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

622-40-2

2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triphenylphosphine; ruthenium trichloride at 120℃; for 2h;100%
4701-17-1

5-bromo-2-thiophencarboxaldehyde

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

52157-62-7

2-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene for 2h; Heating;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene for 0.15h; Reflux; Dean-Stark;98%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene for 15h; Reflux; Dean-Stark;98%
51132-00-4

2-(4-bromo-3-oxobutyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

63200-66-8

2-[2-(2-Bromomethyl-[1,3]dioxolan-2-yl)-ethyl]-isoindole-1,3-dione

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sulfuric acid In benzene for 5h; Heating;100%
15930-53-7

6-bromo-3,4-methylenedioxybenzaldehyde

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

2139-43-7

5-bromo-6-(1,3-dioxolan-2-yl)benzo[d][1,3]dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene Heating;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene at 0 - 90℃; for 5h; Dean-Stark;98%
Stage #1: 6-bromo-3,4-methylenedioxybenzaldehyde; ethylene glycol With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene for 24h; Inert atmosphere; Reflux;
Stage #2: With potassium carbonate In toluene for 0.5h; Inert atmosphere;
96%
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

94-33-7

C9H10O3

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dimethyltin dichloride; potassium carbonate In tetrahydrofuran for 12h; Ambient temperature;100%
With dimethyltin dichloride; potassium carbonate In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; Acylation;99%
With pyridine In dichloromethane at 0 - 20℃; for 25h; Inert atmosphere;86%
73568-25-9

2-chloro-3-quinoline carboxaldehyde

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

128348-73-2

2-chloro-3-[1,3-dioxolan-2-yl]-quinoline

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 4h; Heating;100%
With molecular sieve; toluene-4-sulfonic acid In toluene Heating;92%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene at 120℃; for 4h;75%
73796-03-9

1-methoxycarbonyl-4-(3-oxo-1-butyl)indole

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

74069-06-0

4-[2-(2-Methyl-[1,3]dioxolan-2-yl)-ethyl]-indole-1-carboxylic acid methyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 1h; Heating;100%
58780-17-9

5-(2-formyl-6-methoxy-1,2,3,4,5,8-hexahydro-isoquinolin-1-ylmethyl)-2-methoxy-phenol

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

74007-22-0

C20H25NO5

Conditions
ConditionsYield
methanesulfonic acid In tetrahydrofuran at 25℃; for 1h;100%
With methanesulfonic acid In chloroform; 1-Propyl acetate at 5 - 10℃; for 0.666667h;
392-56-3

Hexafluorobenzene

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

6719-70-6

ethyleneglycol bispentafluorophenyl ether

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium amide In ammonia at -40 - -33℃; for 6h; Product distribution; Mechanism; var. ratio of regents; var. substituted benzenes and nucleophilic reagents;100%
With sodium amide 1.) liquid ammonia, 2.) from -40 to 33 deg C, 6 h; Yield given. Multistep reaction;
5497-67-6

2,2-dimethyl-4-pentenal

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

87802-43-5

4,4-dimethyl-5,5-(ethylenedioxy)-1-pentene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene Heating;100%
toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 0.666667h; Heating;95%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid95%
112-45-8

10-Undecenal

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

6316-55-8

10-undecenal ethylene glycol acetal

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene at 80℃; for 2h;100%
aluminum oxide In tetrachloromethane for 24h; Heating;97%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In water; benzene95%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene Heating;90%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In water; benzene for 8h; Inert atmosphere; Reflux;90%
107368-26-3

(E)-Ethyl 3-methyl-4-oxo-2-pentenoate

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

125318-05-0

(E)-ethyl 3-(2-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-yl)-but-2-enoate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate In benzene for 60h; Heating;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid; trimethyl orthoformate In dichloromethane at 20℃; for 12h; Inert atmosphere;
90-90-4

(4-bromophenyl)(phenyl)methanone

107-21-1

ethylene glycol

59793-76-9

2-(4-bromophenyl)-2-phenyl-1,3-dioxolane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 48h; acetalisation; Heating;100%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene at 160℃; for 40h; Inert atmosphere;94%
With toluene-4-sulfonic acid In benzene for 44h; Heating;92%
  • Ethylene glycol

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol

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    107-21-1

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

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    Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound widely used as an automotive antifreeze and a precursor to polymers. In its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy, sweet-tasting liquid. Ethylene glycol is toxic, and in

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol

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    Founded in 2008, East Chemsources Limited is a professional manufacturer of supplier in food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and other industries. pharmaceutical field in

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

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    107-21-1

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Amadis Chemical offer CAS#107-21-1;CAT#A895672

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

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  • Ethylene glycol   CAS: 107-21-1

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol CAS: 107-21-1

    Min.Order: 5 Metric Ton

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    Products Name: Ethylene glycol CAS : 107-21-1 Molecular formula: C2H6O2 Molecular weight: Melting point: Boiling point : 198℃ Density : 1.1088 Content : 99

    Welcome to Henan Sinotech! Sinotech Corporation has exceptional sourcing ability for chemicals used in Organic Fine Chemicals and APIs; Inorganic chemicals; Flame Retardants;OLED

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    Business Type:Other

    Tel:86-371-86181678

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  • Factory Supply 1,2-Ethanediol

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Factory Supply 1,2-Ethanediol

    Min.Order: 200 Gram

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    We are manufacturer of this product. If you are looking for the material's manufacturer or supplier in China, Ality Group is your best choice. Specifications of our 1,2-Ethanediol CAS 107-21-1: Items Spec

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  • 99% Ethylene Glycol 107-21-1 For Bactericide Intermediate

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    99% Ethylene Glycol 107-21-1 For Bactericide Intermediate

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    Advantages: Hubei XinRunde Chemical Co., Ltd is a renowned pharmaceutical manufacturer. We can offer high quality products at competitive price in quick delivery with 100% custom pass guaranteed. Never stop striving to offer our best s

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

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  • Ethylene glycol

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol

    Min.Order: 1 Metric Ton

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    Product Description Product website: http://www.finerchem.com Product Name Ethylene glycol CAS No. 107-21-1

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    China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Top Quality Ethylene glycol manufacturer

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    Product name ethylene glycol CAS 107-21-1 Application Mainly used in polyester polyester, polyester resin, moisture absorbent, plasticizer, surfactant, synthetic fiber, c

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  • 107-21-1  Ethylene glycol

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

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    Product Name: Ethylene glycol Synonyms: 2-Hydroxyethanol;Aliphatic diol;Athylenglykol;Dihydroxyethane;dowtherm;Dowtherm SR 1;dowthermsr1;ethane-1, CAS: 107-21-1 MF: C2H6O2 MW: 62.07 EINECS: 203-473-3 Product Categories: alpha,omega-Alkanediol

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Lab/Research institutions

    Tel:86-371-55170693/55170694

    Address:Zhengzhou International Trade New Territory,Jinshui District,Zhengzhou ,China

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Pharmaceutical Grade CAS 107-21-1 with competitive price

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    Business Type:Trading Company

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    MSDS/COA Download

    BLOOM TECH Advanced API/Technology support Ethylene glycol CAS 107-21-1

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    Business Type:Lab/Research institutions

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  • Top purity Ethylene glycol with high quality and best price

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    MSDS/COA Download

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Trading Company

    Tel:+86-27-52345788

    Address:28F,China Construction Third Bureau,Wuhan,Hubei Province, China

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  • SUPPLY  Ethylene glycol   MEG  CAS# 107-21-1

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    SUPPLY Ethylene glycol MEG CAS# 107-21-1

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  • Ethylene glycol 107-21-1

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol 107-21-1

    Min.Order: 1 Kilogram

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Lab/Research institutions

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    High purity Ethylene glycol with best quality

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    99% Ethylene glycol CAS:107-21-1

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  • Monad--High Quality 99% Purity Ethylene glycol CAS 107-21-1

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    MSDS/COA Download

    Monad--High Quality 99% Purity Ethylene glycol CAS 107-21-1

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    New product top purity MEG ethylene glycol with best price

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Trading Company

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  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Chinese factory supply bulk Ethylene glycol CAS No.:107-21-1

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     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Trading Company

    Tel:+8618503271668

    Address:Zhonghua South Street

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  • Ethylene glycol/99.9%

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol/99.9%

    Min.Order: 1 Kilogram

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    Changzhou Xuanming Chemical Co., Ltd. is dedicated to the technology development, manufacturing, import and export chemicals, which are specialized in pharmaceutical intermediates, pesticide intermediate, industry of fine chemicals and custom synt

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  •  Changzhou Xuanming Chemical Co., Ltd.

     China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Trading Company

    Tel:86 0519 85525329

    Address:China Town, Xinbei, Changzhou, Jiangsu Room 6019

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  • MEG

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    MEG

    Min.Order: 1 Gram

    FOB Price:  USD $ 5.0-100.0/Gram

    best packing and shipping way , keep nice quality Methylamine hydrochloride 593-51-1 Methylamine 74-89-5 Dimethylamine 124-40-3 Dimethylamine hydrochloride 506-59-2 Phenylacetic acid ethyl ester 101-97-3 2-Phenylacetamide 103-81-1

    CUSTOMIZED LAB Chemtn Biological Technology Limited is one of the leading RC chemicals producer in china,we have advanced equipment and high technology,

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    China (Mainland)  |  Contact Details

    Business Type:Lab/Research institutions

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  • Ethylene glycol

  • Casno:

    107-21-1

    Ethylene glycol

    Min.Order: 0

    FOB Price:  USD $ 0.0-0.0/

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Specification

Ethylene glycol, also known as ethylene glycol, is clear, colorless, syrupy, liquid with sweet taste. It is used as an antifreeze in cooling and heating systems. In organic synthesis, it is used as a protecting group for carbonyl groups. Ethylene glycol is miscible with water, ethanol, acetone, acetic acid, glycerol, pyridine, but difficultly soluble in chloroform, ether, benzene, carbon disulfide, and insoluble in hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, oils, rubber, natural resin. It also can dissolve table salt, zinc chloride, potassium carbonate, potassium chloride, potassium iodide, potassium hydroxide and other inorganic compounds. 

Physical properties about Ethylene glycol are: (1)ACD/LogP: -1.688; (2)# of Rule of 5 Violations:0; (3)ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -1.69; (4)ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -1.69; (5)ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00; (6)ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00; (7)ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 2.87; (8)ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 2.87; (9)#H bond acceptors: 2; (10)#H bond donors: 2; (11)#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3; (12)Index of Refraction: 1.422; (13)Molar Refractivity: 14.384 cm3; (14)Molar Volume: 56.561 cm3; (15)Polarizability: 5.702 10-24cm3; (16)Surface Tension: 43.4129981994629 dyne/cm; (17)Density: 1.097 g/cm3; (18)Flash Point: 108.171 °C; (19)Enthalpy of Vaporization: 50.468 kJ/mol; (20)Boiling Point: 197.539 °C at 760 mmHg ; (21)Vapour Pressure: 0.096000000834465 mmHg at 25°C

Preparation of Ethylene glycol: In industrial, Ethylene glycol can be produced by chlorohydrin method, oxirane hydration and direct ethylene hydration.

1. Chlorohydrin method: Use chlorohydrin as raw material which hydrolyzes in the alkaline medium at 100 °C. It can generate oxirane first, and then hydrolyze to produce Ethylene glycol at pressure of 1.01 MPa.

2. Oxirane hydration: This method has catalytic hydration and direct hydration. The hydration process can be carried out both at atmospheric pressure and under pressure. Ordinary pressure uses a small amount of inorganic acid as catalyst and reacts at 50 ~ 70 °C. The molar ratio of oxirane and water of pressurized hydration is higher in the 1:6 or more, in order to reduce the side effect of generating ether. The reaction temperature is 150 °C and pressure is 147kPa. Ethylene glycol can be obtained by hydration. Now, there is gas-phase catalytic hydration, which uses silver oxide as catalyst, alumina as carrier, and reacts at 150 ~ 240 °C to produce 1,2-ethanediol.

3. Direct ethylene hydration: First, the single-acetate or diacetate can be produced by oxidation from ethylene in the presence of catalyst (such as antimony oxide TeO2, palladium catalyst) in acetic acid solution. Then, Ethylene glycol is obtained by further hydrolysis.

Uses of Ethylene glycol: Ethylene glycol is mainly used to make PET melt, which accounted for 86% of total consumption in 2009, and antifreeze, at around 7% of total consumption. It also has many niche applications due to its cheaply price. Ethylene glycol is used for the manufacture of resins, plasticizers, synthetic fibers, cosmetics, explosives and engine antifreeze. What's more, it is used as raw material for polyester fiber terylene. Ethylene glycol can often be instead of glycerin used as water mixture and solvent in the leather and pharmaceutical industries, respectively. Although the dissolving capacity of Ethylene glycol is strong, it can not be widely used as a solvent. Because it can be easy to be metabolized to produce toxic oxalic acid. Besides, Ethylene glycol is used as a medium for convective heat transfer in, for example, automobiles and liquid cooled computers. It is also commonly used in chilled water air conditioning systems that place either the chiller or air handlers outside, or systems that must cool below the freezing temperature of water. In addition, minor uses of Ethylene glycol include analysis reagents, liquid chromatography eluent, non-aqueous media of electrochemical analysis, and degreaser in electronic industry.

When you are using this chemical, please be cautious about it as the following: Due to the sweet taste of 1,2-ethanediol, children and animals are more inclined to consume large quantities of it than of other poisons. It is harmful if swallowed and it is irritating to eyes. It and its toxic byproducts first affect the central nervous system, then the heart, and finally the kidneys. In case of contact with eyes, please rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.

You can still convert the following datas into molecular structure:
(1)Smiles:C(CO)O;
(2)InChI:InChI=1/C2H6O2/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2;

The toxicity data is as follows:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
cat LD50 oral 1650mg/kg (1650mg/kg) KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES Recueil de Medecine Veterinaire. Vol. 154, Pg. 137, 1978.
cat LDLo subcutaneous 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

BLOOD: OTHER CHANGES
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.
child TDLo oral 5500mg/kg (5500mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
Postgraduate Medical Journal. Vol. 52, Pg. 598, 1976.
dog LD50 oral 5500mg/kg (5500mg/kg) KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES Recueil de Medecine Veterinaire. Vol. 154, Pg. 137, 1978.
guinea pig LD50 oral 6610mg/kg (6610mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 23, Pg. 259, 1941.
guinea pig LD50 unreported 11150mg/kg (11150mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 33(3), Pg. 16, 1968.
guinea pig LDLo subcutaneous 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 51, Pg. 398, 1935.
human LDLo oral 398mg/kg (398mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: HEADACHE

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES
Sudebno-Meditsinskaya Ekspertiza. Forensic Medical Examination. Vol. 26(2), Pg. 48, 1983.
human LDLo oral 786mg/kg (786mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"

BEHAVIORAL: COMA
European Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene. Vol. 9, Pg. 373, 1976.
human TCLo inhalation 10000mg/m3 (10000mg/m3) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: LACRIMATION: EYE

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: COUGH

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.
man LDLo unreported 1637mg/kg (1637mg/kg)   "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.
man TDLo oral 1195mg/kg (1195mg/kg) PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SENSORY CHANGE INVOLVING PERIPHERAL NERVE

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: RENAL FUNCTION TESTS DEPRESSED
Annals of Emergency Medicine. Vol. 20, Pg. 208, 1991.
man TDLo oral 15gm/kg (15000mg/kg) PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SENSORY CHANGE INVOLVING PERIPHERAL NERVE

GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM SMALL INTESTINE

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: RENAL FUNCTION TESTS DEPRESSED
Annals of Emergency Medicine. Vol. 20, Pg. 208, 1991.
man TDLo oral 16gm/kg (16000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: COMA

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: RENAL FUNCTION TESTS DEPRESSED
Human & Experimental Toxicology. Vol. 9, Pg. 317, 1990.
man TDLo oral 24gm/kg (24000mg/kg) BRAIN AND COVERINGS: RECORDINGS FROM SPECIFIC AREAS OF CNS

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: MYDRIASIS (PUPILLARY DILATION): EYE

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 38, Pg. 445, 2000.
mouse LC inhalation > 200mg/m3/2H (200mg/m3)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 25(11), Pg. 57, 1981.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 5614mg/kg (5614mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CHRONIC PULMONARY EDEMA

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: CHANGES IN BOTH TUBULES AND GLOMERULI

BLOOD: CHANGES IN SPLEEN
Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. Vol. 6, Pg. 342, 1947.
mouse LD50 intravenous 3gm/kg (3000mg/kg)   Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.
mouse LD50 oral 5500mg/kg (5500mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 32(3), Pg. 31, 1967.
mouse LD50 unreported 8050mg/kg (8050mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 33(3), Pg. 16, 1968.
mouse LDLo subcutaneous 2700mg/kg (2700mg/kg)   British Journal of Industrial Medicine. Vol. 1, Pg. 207, 1944.
rabbit LD50 skin 9530uL/kg (9.53mL/kg)   "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 731, 1969.
rabbit LD50 unreported 5017mg/kg (5017mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 33(3), Pg. 16, 1968.
rabbit LDLo intramuscular 5500mg/kg (5500mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION

BEHAVIORAL: COMA
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 41, Pg. 387, 1931.
rabbit LDLo intraperitoneal 1gm/kg (1000mg/kg)   Pesticide Chemicals Official Compendium, Association of the American Pesticide Control Officials, Inc., 1966. Vol. -, Pg. 502, 1966.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 41, Pg. 387, 1931.
rat LC inhalation > 200mg/m3/4H (200mg/m3)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 25(11), Pg. 57, 1981.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal 5010mg/kg (5010mg/kg)   Kriobiologiya i Kriomeditsina. Cryobiology and Cryomedicine. Vol. 9, Pg. 36, 1981.
rat LD50 intravenous 3260mg/kg (3260mg/kg)   Kriobiologiya i Kriomeditsina. Cryobiology and Cryomedicine. Vol. 9, Pg. 36, 1981.
rat LD50 oral 4700mg/kg (4700mg/kg)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 26(6), Pg. 28, 1982.
rat LD50 subcutaneous 2800mg/kg (2800mg/kg)   Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 49, 1974.
rat LD50 unreported 13gm/kg (13000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 33(3), Pg. 16, 1968.
rat LDLo intramuscular 3300mg/kg (3300mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: COMA

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 41, Pg. 387, 1931.