hexylene glycol could be considered a solubilizer.
Air & Water Reactions
Hygroscopic. Water soluble [Hawley]
Toxic by ingestion and inhalation; irritant to
skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Combustible.
Dry the diol with Na2SO4, then CaH2 and fractionally distil it under reduced pressure through a packed column, taking precautions to avoid absorption of water. [Beilstein 1 IV 2565.]
Hexylene Glycol is an oily colorless liquid with a mild sweet odor. It is an oxygenated solvent derived from acetone which has two alcohol functions. It has a low evaporation rate and it is completely miscible with water.
Fuel and lubricant additive; solvent in
cosmetics; solvent in petroleum refining; coupling
agent in hydraulic brake fluid and printing
inks; gasoline anti-icer additive
ChEBI: A glycol in which the two hydroxy groups are at positions 2 and 4 of 2-methylpentane (isopentane).
Oily colorless liquid with a mild sweet odor. Floats and mixes slowly with water.
2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol is prepared commercially by the
catalytic hydrogenation of diacetone alcohol . It is used
as a chemical intermediate, a selective solvent in petroleum
refining, a component of hydraulic fluids, a solvent for inks,
and as an additive for cement .
Industrial exposure is likely to be from direct contact or
from inhalation, particularly if the material is heated.
Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: Can catch fire when in contact with porous materials such as wood, asbestos, cloth, soil, or rusty metals; Stability During Transport: Stable at ordinary temperatures, however when heated this material can decompose to nitrogen and ammonia gases. The decomposition is not generally hazardous unless it occurs in confined spaces; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Flush with water and neutralize the resulting solution with calcium hypochlorite; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.
2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol is incompatible with the following: Strong oxidizers, strong acids [Note: Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air).] .
Hexylene Glycol is used as a reagent in the synthesis of functionalized boronic esters. it is used in laboratory studies as a precipitant and cryoprotectant in protein crystallography.
Also used in the preparation of vinylboronates.
It is mainly used? as a coupling agent and an additive to hydraulic fluids, inks and cement. Further, it is used as a solvent for cleaning and colorant products.
It is a potential substitute for glycol ethers.
It is an effective shrinkage reduction admixture or SRA for concrete and mortar.
It can also be used as a building block in chemical synthesis.
Hexylene glycol is a key solvent in many markets such as paints & coatings, metal working fluids, detergency, cosmetics & fragrances, textiles & leather.It is used to control the flow properties of industrial products such as paints, coatings, cleansers, solvents, and hydraulic fluids. It acts as a thickening agent in cosmetic products.
It is also employed as a blood volume expander.
Irritation of eyes, nose and throat; headache, dizziness, and nausea.