May be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Inhalation causes nausea and vomiting. Causes burns to skin and eyes. Ingestion may cause nausea, vomiting abdominal pain and collapse.
The presence of moisture in a metal container of Diethyl sulfate caused the formation of sulfuric acid which reacts with the metal to release hydrogen which pressurized and exploded the container [Chem. Abst. 28:2908(1934)].
Wash the ester with aqueous 3% Na2CO3 (to remove acidic material), then distilled water, dry (CaCl2), filter and distil it in a vacuum. It is an ethylating agent and blisters the skin. [Beilstein 1 IV 1236.]
colourless oily liquid
A clear colorless liquid with a peppermint odor. Burns, though may be difficult to ignite. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
Chiefly as an ethylating agent; as an accelerator in the sulfation of ethylene; in some sulfonations.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Slowly reacts with water to form ethyl alcohol, a flammable liquid, and ethyl sulfate, with eventual conversion to sulfuric acid.